Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
  • Save
2010 OMA New Revenue Streams Presentation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

2010 OMA New Revenue Streams Presentation



Published in Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Creating New Revenue Streams for Your MuseumSweet Successes & Hard Lessons at COSIDoug Buchanan
    COSI Education Programs Marketing ManagerOhio Museums AssociationMonday, April 26, 2010
  • 2. About this presentation:Not everything COSI has tried will work for every museum. Still, many of the things we’ve tried are scalable for museums of different sizes. What we’ve tried to do is to be creative and to come at problems from many angles at once.
  • 3. “Being a non-profit is a tax status, not a business model”
    - Kim Kiehl, COSI Senior Vice-President & Chief Strategy & Operations Officer
  • 4. About COSI
    • Columbus-based science center founded in 1964
    • 5. Annual budget of about $15 million
    • 6. 574,312 visitors (2009)
    • 7. 9,832 volunteers
  • From 1964 to 1999, COSI prospered in its180,000 square-foot home at 280 East Broad Street.
  • 8. The move in 1999 to a new 320,000 sq-ft home had great promise for the future.New building, new exhibitions, new vision…but an old business model.
  • 9. COSI’s 2004 Financial Model
  • 10. We were heavily reliant on earned income.But in the new building – twice the size of our old one - we were no longer earning enough to pay the bills.
  • 11. In 2004, a COSI funding levy went on the ballot.
    It failed.We closed part of our building, laid off staff, and entered a dark period. Our budget shrank from $15 to $10 million a year.
  • 12. Fast forward to 2010: COSI is still kicking.We’re growing.Attendance is up.We’re hosting a major blockbuster exhibition.What happened?
  • 13. COSI’s budget is back up to about $15 million a year, but its revenue picture looks very different:
  • 14. Wait a minute…wouldn’t we have increased the percentage of earned revenue even more by opening new revenue streams?
  • 15. “You can’t live on earned income. That’s why we’re non-profits.”
    -Kim Kiehl
  • 16. Less of COSI’s budget is now covered by earned revenue.What you don’t see in the chart is the $3.5 million COSI was able to earn or obtain, then save and invest.In the current recession, these funds have kept COSI from running aground again.
  • 17. These critical funds came from:
    Cutting costsPlugging cash leaksRaising prices
    Creating new revenue sources
  • 18. Sacred cows = tasty burgers.
  • 19. Cutting Costs: Custodial SavingsWe’ve cut back on custodial services. We’ve also kept a close eye on guest feedback to make sure we’re not cutting too deeply.We’ve prioritized our custodial resources by paying close attention to entry and exit points, and especially bathrooms. Team Members clean their own offices, too.
  • 20. Cutting Costs: Energy Savings
    Thanks in part to the results from a 2008 energy audit, we’re saving $140,000 a year in energy costs.We installed a variable air volume system, meaning our air handlers don’t run at 100% all the time anymore.
  • 21. Cutting Costs: Energy SavingsCOSI also reduced its lighting time, allowed building humidity levels to climb from 50% to 60%, and eliminated paper towels.Getting rid of paper towels is saving over $5,000 a year. It’s reduced our labor costs, and it’s greener, too.
  • 22. Plugging Cash Leaks
    We’ve eliminated several business practices where we routinely left cash on the table, especially at our Box Office:
    • Eliminated free teacher admission (now a $5.75 discount)
    • 23. Eliminated free military admission (now a $2 discount)
    Teacher Admission: COSI was about the last big institution in our market still giving teachers free admission. We were giving away over $70,000 in free teacher admission every year. There’s been some pushback, but it hasn’t been too painful.
  • 24. Raising Prices
    We spend a LOT of time debating pricing these days. Our pricing discussions are often intense conversations among large, diverse groups. Every month, COSI’s STAR Team meets to review attendance and revenue figures, debate the causes of successes and shortcomings, and to set and review pricing.
  • 25. Raising Prices
    In many instances, COSI has elected to raise prices. Museums often undervalue and underprice what they offer. We often attempt to build access into a price point, pushing prices artificially and unsustainably low.
    We now separate our access discussions from discussions about pricing and consumer value.
  • 26. Raising Prices
    “If you’re going to pull one lever, raise prices.” Emily RhodesTypical profit increase by action:Lowering fixed costs – 2.7% Higher sales volume – 3.7%
    Lower variable costs – 7.3%
    Raise prices – 11% increase** 1% improvement in price, variable cost, volume, or fixed cost with corresponding change in profit. Source: The Pricing Advantage
  • 27. Raising Prices
    To set prices, COSI has adopted a value-based pricing system. Value-based pricing uses customer feedback to gauge what customers will pay for a given product or program. COSI uses data gathered through online surveys to determine how prospective customers value programs and products.
    Where to start raising prices? Look at programs and events that you typically sell out – it’s a good place to apply a value pricing study.
  • 28. Raising Prices
    At what price do you think the program is too expensive to consider purchasing it?
    At what price do you think the program is so inexpensive that the quality cannot be very good?
    At what price do you think the program is beginning to get expensive, so purchasing it is not out of the question, but you would have to give some thought before buying it?At what price do you think the program is a bargain?
  • 29. New Revenue Sources
    Public-Private Partnership InitiativeGeneral Admission Add-OnsAncillary Income From MembersMore Special Events
    New Adults-Only EventsWelcoming Building Partners (tenants)The Zula Patrol Partnership
  • 30. Public-Private Partnership Initiative
    The PPPI is a combination of support from the City of Columbus, Franklin County and private investors. The PPPI was created to give COSI funding for two years that would allow for a period of re-engineering – a time to examine the best practices of COSI and the industry; identify, pilot and test opportunities and create a new business model.
  • 31. Public-Private Partnership Initiative
    The PPPI has bought COSI time: time to break our “survival mode” cycle and to test and implement the cost-saving and revenue-generating initiatives in this presentation.
  • 32. General Admission Add-Ons
    Upcharge experiences like Titanic: The Artifact Exhibition produce revenue and give COSI an opportunity to reach new audiences.
  • 33. Ancillary Member Income
    COSI established a new “Premium” Membership category. It costs $37 more than our standard family membership. We’ve sold over 600 in about a year.
  • 34. Ancillary Member Income
    We also created a new “Family Access” membership for low-income households that’s just $25. We’ve sold over 3,000 Family Access memberships.
  • 35. (Lots) More Special Events
    We’re offering more low-cost “Fun Days” and “Science Days” to help drive attendance.Character appearances are inexpensive and drive foot traffic - sometimes too well!
  • 36. Adults-Only Events
    This is a new venture for COSI, and we’ve had mixed success. Our numbers have been good, but we’re just breaking even. Still, we’re getting to know a whole new audience.
    Sweet Science
  • 37. Building Partners
    We’ve opened our building to a number of “licensed use of space” tenants, including a TV studio, a high school, OSU researchers, and more. Pays dividends in many forms!
    OSU’s Labs in Life
  • 38. The Zula Patrol Partnership
    COSI has partnered with The Zula Patrol children’s TV show to create a line of themed products for museums to buy and rent. Every sale means revenue.
  • 39. Looking Ahead: COSI 2012
    Greater financial stability, and a new business model for the 21st century.
    Kim Kiehl: Losing the levy was the “best thing” to happen to COSI – it forced us to reinvent how we do business.
  • 40. Questions to ask? Ideas to share?
    Please contact Doug Buchanan
    COSI Education Programs Marketing Manager
    at dbuchanan@mail.cosi.orgYour support for OMA makes sessions like this one possible – THANK YOU!