Sustainable/Organic Farming Systems in the Developing World

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Sustainable/Organic Farming Systems in the Developing World

  1. 1. Sustainable/Organic Farming Systems in the Developing World<br />By:<br />Jake Klaver<br />
  2. 2. Sustainable Farming<br />Meet present needs without compromising future demands. <br />Stewardship of both natural and human resources are of prime importance. (Feenstra 1997)<br />“This will achieve the best use of nature’s goods and services as functional inputs.”(Pretty/Hine 2001)<br />
  3. 3. 3 Goals of Sustainable Agriculture<br />Environmental Health- Things such as land quality. <br />Economic Profitability – You need to be able to sustain profits. <br />Social and Economic Equity- The community has to be sustained without inequity. (Feenstra 1997)<br />
  4. 4. Organic Farming<br />“A production system that is managed to respond to site-specific conditions by integrating cultural, biological, and mechanical practices that foster cycling of resources and promote ecological balance and conserve biodiversity.” (USDA Definition)<br />
  5. 5. Organic Farming<br />Renewable Resources<br />Soil and Water Conservation<br />Farming practices that enhance ecological balance. <br />
  6. 6. Why Sustainable/Organic Farming?<br />The world food demand is predicted to double in the next 50 years. (Tillman 2002)<br />The world population is predicted to be 9.4 billion by 2050. <br />Out of the 9.4 billion, 8.2 billion people are predicted to live in developing countries. (Lal 2000)<br />
  7. 7. Developing World Problems<br />1 Billion people are undernourished<br />Hunger and malnutrition is the number 1 health risk worldwide. (World Food Programme 2009)<br />
  8. 8. Ethical Discussion <br />All humans have the right to a means of survival. <br />Abuses by some can and will destroy common resources for all. <br />Sustainable and organic farming systems are the key to saving our common resources so humans in the future will be able to meet their needs. <br />
  9. 9. References<br />Feenstra, Gail. “What is Sustainable Agriculture?” University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. Dec. 1997. www.sarep.ucdavis.edu/Concept.htm. <br />Lal, R. “Soil Management in the Developing Countries.” Soil Science. Volume 165, issue 1. pages 57-72. January 2000. <br />Pretty, Jules and Hine, Rachel. “Reducing Food Poverty with Sustainable Agriculture.” University of Essex. Centre for Environment and Society. Feb. 2001. www.essex.ac.uk/ces/esu/occasionalpapers/SAFE%20FINAL%20-%20Pages1-22.pdf. <br />Tillman, David. “Agricultural Sustainability and Intensive Production Practices.” Nature. Volume 418, pages 671-677. Aug. 8, 2002. www.nature.com/nature/journal/v418/n6898/abs/nature01014.html. <br />U.S. Department of Agriculture. “Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education.” 2009. www.sare.org/publications/organic/organic01.htm.<br />World Food Programme. “Fighting Hunger Worldwide.” 2009. www.wfp.org/hunger. <br />
  10. 10. The End!!!<br />

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