IBBT Wireless Lab

Ingrid Moerman
IBBT – IBCN - UGent
Outline

!! Wireless networks: what?
!! Wireless Lab: what & why?
!! Some IBBT use cases: how?
!! Conclusion




         ...
Outline

!! Wireless networks: what?
  !!Wireless Sensor and Networks (WSN)
  !!Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN...
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)
!! Definition
    !! A wireless sensor network (WSN) consist of self-organizing, wirelessly
...
Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN)
!! Definition
    !! by adding actuators, a WSN can also be used for automatio...
Evolution from WSN towards WSAN
               WSN                                 WSAN

                                 ...
Evolution from WSN towards WSAN
                    WSN                       WSAN




environment monitoring             ...
Wireless Mesh Network (WMN)
!! Definition
    !! A wireless mesh network (WMN) is a communication network made up of
     ...
Outline

!! Wireless networks: what?
!! Wireless Lab: what & why?
  !!Motivation
  !!Characteristics
!! Some IBBT use case...
IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab: Why?

!! Problem
  !! uncontrolled, dynamic wireless environment

!! Development environment
 ...
IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab




        !! Sensor networking (IEEE 802.15.4)
            !! Automatic control, software con...
IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab


INT     µC        BUS   radio   antenna

       sensors
      actuators           DUT




   ...
WiLab @ IBBT: Environment Emulator

           Ethernet + power
                                             battery emula...
iLab.t : Sensor Lab Hardware

                                  iNode:
                               Embedded PC

       ...
WiLab deployment @ IBBT building




Class Room
             Hallway
                                   15
IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab
!! Feature set
   !! # nodes: 190 fixed locations, 3 floors @ Zuiderpoort
   !! Every node is g...
IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab
!! Feature set
   !! # nodes: 190 fixed locations, 3 floors @ Zuiderpoort
   !! Every node is g...
Outline

!! Wireless networks: what?
!! Wireless Lab: what & why?
!! Some IBBT use cases: how?
  !!WBA: Wireless Building ...
Sensor networks: why?
!! A few realistic use cases*
     !!WBA: Wireless Building Automation

     !!DEUS: Deployment and ...
WBA: Wireless Building Automation
!! Target
   !! to develop advanced building automation techniques in order to deploy
  ...
WBA: Wireless Building Automation




                                    MOTION




                                     ...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




                     Sensor node
                     Mesh node     22
WBA @ Wireless Lab




        Set up wireless mesh network (WMN)
                                             Sensor node...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




          Set up wireless sensor network (WSN)
                                                 Sen...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




          Set up wireless sensor network (WSN)
                                                 Sen...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




          Set up wireless sensor network (WSN)
          + define WSN gateways                  Sen...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




          Set up wireless sensor network (WSN)
          Sink advertisement + set up topology   Sen...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




      Set up wireless sensor network (WSN)
      Sink advertisement + set up (tree) topology   Sens...
WBA @ Wireless Lab


 T                  V                        S




              t                          t        ...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




     Test robustness upon WSN and/or WSN node failure
                                             ...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




          Testing of large scale sensor network
                                                  S...
WBA @ Wireless Lab




          Testing of large scale sensor network
                                                  S...
DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services

!! Use case 1: cultural events
   !! Guiding of persons in and around ...
DEUS @ Wireless Lab




          Indoor positioning / tracking / guiding
                                                ...
DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services

!! Use case 2: senior mobility support

                              ...
DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services

!! Use case 2: senior mobility support
   !! Tracking and identificati...
DEUS @ Wireless Lab




          emergency call & voice call
          (through environment emulator)   Sensor node
     ...
DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services

!! Use case 3: inheritage (‘erfgoed’)
   !! support of multiple events...
DEUS @ Wireless Lab



                                      Event 2
                info@location1




      Event 1



 ...
DEUS @ Wireless Lab




       remote WMN management
       (from external device)   Sensor node
                         ...
DEUS @ Wireless Lab




       remote WSN management
       (from external device)   Sensor node
                         ...
GeoBIPS & ADAMO: Crisis intervention
              1.! Fire truck powers on the MAR, and leaves for the disaster
         ...
GeoBIPS @ Wireless Lab




          WMN node = relay station
          E2E communication
                                ...
ADAMO @ Wireless Lab




         WMN node = router
         Full indoor coverage
         QoS support: voice, video, info...
MultiTr@ns: Logistic chain

!! Multimodal transport
   !! Coordination of logistic information
   !! Tracking of goods fro...
MultiTr@ns @ Wireless Lab




          Tracking of goods
                              Sensor node
                      ...
Outline

!! Wireless networks: what?
!! Wireless Lab: what & why?
!! Some IBBT use cases: how?
!! Conclusion




         ...
Conclusion

!! The Wireless Lab @ iLab.t offers a flexible
   wireless test environment
  !!experimental validation of inn...
Acknowledgement

!! IBBT GBO projects
  !!WBA, https://projects.ibbt.be/wba/
  !!DEUS, https://projects.ibbt.be/deus/
  !!...
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20081114 friday food i labt ingrid moerman

  1. 1. IBBT Wireless Lab Ingrid Moerman IBBT – IBCN - UGent
  2. 2. Outline !! Wireless networks: what? !! Wireless Lab: what & why? !! Some IBBT use cases: how? !! Conclusion 2
  3. 3. Outline !! Wireless networks: what? !!Wireless Sensor and Networks (WSN) !!Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN) !!Wireless Mesh Networks (WMN) !! Wireless Lab: what & why? !! Some IBBT use cases: how? !! Conclusion 3
  4. 4. Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) !! Definition !! A wireless sensor network (WSN) consist of self-organizing, wirelessly connected sensor nodes, reporting to a sink !! Components Internet Sink !! Sensor nodes !! cheap !! unreliable !! energy constrained Task manager Sensor field !! densely deployed node Sensor node !! Sink User !! gathers the collected data !! Primary concerns !! Energy efficiency " maximize lifetime !! Scalability " many nodes, adding nodes 4
  5. 5. Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN) !! Definition !! by adding actuators, a WSN can also be used for automation purposes !! Extra component !! actuator node !! possibility of taking actions !! upon sensor info WSAN !! upon commands from remote control station !! Examples Internet Sink !! lighting !! heating !! automatic door !! motor engine Task manager node Sensor node !! Primary concerns Actuator node User !! heterogeneity !! both energy-constrained and less energy-constrained nodes
  6. 6. Evolution from WSN towards WSAN WSN WSAN WSAN WSN Sink Internet Sink Task manager node Sensor node Sensor node Actuator node User !! homogeneous nodes !! heterogeneous nodes !! sensors only !! sensor & actuators !! unidirectional communication to sink !! more complex communication patterns !! unreliable network !! reliability & QoS support
  7. 7. Evolution from WSN towards WSAN WSN WSAN environment monitoring wireless building automation !! homogeneous nodes !! heterogeneous nodes !! sensors only !! sensor & actuators !! unidirectional communication to sink !! more complex communication patterns !! unreliable network !! reliability & QoS support 7
  8. 8. Wireless Mesh Network (WMN) !! Definition !! A wireless mesh network (WMN) is a communication network made up of radio nodes organized in a mesh topology !! A WMN offers a high-bandwidth network for mobile clients over a specific (often hard to reach) coverage area !! Components !! Mesh routers !! Gateway !! Mesh clients !! Primary concerns !! Reliability & resilience !! Self-organizing and self-healing 8 © Ingrid Moerman - 8
  9. 9. Outline !! Wireless networks: what? !! Wireless Lab: what & why? !!Motivation !!Characteristics !! Some IBBT use cases: how? !! Conclusion 9
  10. 10. IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab: Why? !! Problem !! uncontrolled, dynamic wireless environment !! Development environment !! Network simulations & wireless channel emulations are unreliable due to simplified & inaccurate models (channel, hardware, embedded environment) !! Sensor/mesh network protocols are typically designed to run on large scale !! Evaluations on small-scale experimental testbeds are not sufficient (only proof of functionality, not of scalability) !! Need for real-life large-scale test environment !! IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab 10
  11. 11. IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab !! Sensor networking (IEEE 802.15.4) !! Automatic control, software configuration, remote access, … !! Energy consumption monitoring and control (no batteries) !! Emulation (e.g. replay) of sensor/actuator events !! Meshed networking (IEEE 802.11) 11
  12. 12. IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab INT µC BUS radio antenna sensors actuators DUT 12
  13. 13. WiLab @ IBBT: Environment Emulator Ethernet + power battery emulator + iNode real-time power measurements USB audio Fixed interface: RS232, USB, … Power Environment Current PWR Emulator DAC/ADC, RS232 SI DUT GP(I)O I(O) audio aud sensor/actuator emulation 13
  14. 14. iLab.t : Sensor Lab Hardware iNode: Embedded PC WLAN EE WLAN sensor 14
  15. 15. WiLab deployment @ IBBT building Class Room Hallway 15
  16. 16. IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab !! Feature set !! # nodes: 190 fixed locations, 3 floors @ Zuiderpoort !! Every node is generic and is equipped with !! 2 USB, RS232, VGA interfaces !! 1 or 2 sensor nodes IEEE802.15.4 (+ embedded sensors: Temperature, Light, Humidity) !! 2 WiFi IEEE 802.11 radios (a/b/g) !! Extendable: Bluetooth, Software Defined Radio, … !! Every node is powered via PoE and can be disabled !! Environment emulator (EE) !! EE can emulate battery voltage of the sensor nodes and can measure the consumed electrical power real time !! EE can emulate environmental variables like switches, monitored data !! EE can log the events of the sensor nodes !! Sensor nodes can measure and react on real and emulated environmental variables !! Development environment !! TinyOS (sensor nodes) !! Click (iNodes) !! Remote access 16
  17. 17. IBBT iLab.t – Wireless Lab !! Feature set !! # nodes: 190 fixed locations, 3 floors @ Zuiderpoort !! Every node is generic and is equipped with !! 2 USB, RS232, VGA interfaces !! 1 or 2 sensor nodes IEEE802.15.4 (+ embedded sensors: Temperature, Light, Humidity) !! 2 WiFi IEEE 802.11 radios (a/b/g) !! Extendable: Bluetooth, Software Defined Radio, … !! Every node is powered via PoE and can be disabled !! Environment emulator (EE) !! EE can emulate battery voltage of the sensor nodes and can measure the consumed electrical power real time !! EE can emulate environmental variables like switches, monitored data !! EE can log the events of the sensor nodes !! Sensor nodes can measure and react on real and emulated environmental variables !! Development environment !! TinyOS (sensor nodes) !! Click (iNodes) !! Remote access 17
  18. 18. Outline !! Wireless networks: what? !! Wireless Lab: what & why? !! Some IBBT use cases: how? !!WBA: Wireless Building Automation !!DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services !!GeoBIPS & ADAMO: Crisis intervention !!MultiTr@ns: Logistic chain !! Conclusion 18
  19. 19. Sensor networks: why? !! A few realistic use cases* !!WBA: Wireless Building Automation !!DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services !! Senior mobility support !! Cultural events !! Inheritage !!GeoBIPS & ADAMO !! Crisis intervention !!MultiTr@ns !! Logistic chain * taken from IBBT cooperative research projects 19
  20. 20. WBA: Wireless Building Automation !! Target !! to develop advanced building automation techniques in order to deploy building management systems, hereby: !! avoiding as much as possible costly and inflexible cable infrastructures !! covering hard to reach locations such as protected monuments !! Building Management System (BMS) !! monitor & control of !! Low data rate applications !! HVAC control !! (emergency) lighting !! access control !! fire detection !! motion detection !! positioning !! High data rate applications !! camera surveillance !! public address (video display, audio) 20
  21. 21. WBA: Wireless Building Automation MOTION 21
  22. 22. WBA @ Wireless Lab Sensor node Mesh node 22
  23. 23. WBA @ Wireless Lab Set up wireless mesh network (WMN) Sensor node Mesh node 23
  24. 24. WBA @ Wireless Lab Set up wireless sensor network (WSN) Sensor node Mesh node 24
  25. 25. WBA @ Wireless Lab Set up wireless sensor network (WSN) Sensor node Mesh node 25
  26. 26. WBA @ Wireless Lab Set up wireless sensor network (WSN) + define WSN gateways Sensor node Mesh node 26
  27. 27. WBA @ Wireless Lab Set up wireless sensor network (WSN) Sink advertisement + set up topology Sensor node Mesh node 27
  28. 28. WBA @ Wireless Lab Set up wireless sensor network (WSN) Sink advertisement + set up (tree) topology Sensor node Mesh node 28
  29. 29. WBA @ Wireless Lab T V S t t t Set up wireless sensor network (WSN) Sink advertisement + set up (tree) topology Sensor node Emulate sensor & actuator events Mesh node 29
  30. 30. WBA @ Wireless Lab Test robustness upon WSN and/or WSN node failure Sensor node Mesh node 30
  31. 31. WBA @ Wireless Lab Testing of large scale sensor network Sensor node Mesh node 31
  32. 32. WBA @ Wireless Lab Testing of large scale sensor network Sensor node Mesh node 32
  33. 33. DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services !! Use case 1: cultural events !! Guiding of persons in and around public areas !! wireless location-based / personalized applications for indoor guiding of persons !! combination with outdoor guiding with GPS !! Tracing of persons/assets 33
  34. 34. DEUS @ Wireless Lab Indoor positioning / tracking / guiding Sensor node Mesh node 34
  35. 35. DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services !! Use case 2: senior mobility support service flat local help desk home residential care homes walking circles 35
  36. 36. DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services !! Use case 2: senior mobility support !! Tracking and identification of persons !! follow up of people with dementia !! low cost indoor and outdoor positioning !! Emergency call !! Voice call " Portable device with emergency button and voice connectivity (same low cost device & same technology for indoor and outdoor). 36
  37. 37. DEUS @ Wireless Lab emergency call & voice call (through environment emulator) Sensor node Mesh node 37
  38. 38. DEUS: Deployment and Easy Use of wireless Services !! Use case 3: inheritage (‘erfgoed’) !! support of multiple events taking place at the same location, while settings may change from day-to-day !! offering location-aware and profile-based services (e.g. interactive museum guide) 38
  39. 39. DEUS @ Wireless Lab Event 2 info@location1 Event 1 Event 3 info@location2 multiple events Location-based services Sensor node Mesh node 39
  40. 40. DEUS @ Wireless Lab remote WMN management (from external device) Sensor node Mesh node 40
  41. 41. DEUS @ Wireless Lab remote WSN management (from external device) Sensor node Mesh node 41
  42. 42. GeoBIPS & ADAMO: Crisis intervention 1.! Fire truck powers on the MAR, and leaves for the disaster site. 2.! While on the go, intervention plans can be viewed. 3.! Fire truck arrives at the disaster site. 4.! Reconnaissance Team checks the WLTP – RS link, and the video and voice connection. 5.! Team enters the building, and places RSs on the go, based on the building’s structure and on the OTG-CI. 6.! Video images can be viewed at remote crisis center MAR: Mobile AR (on truck) WLTP: Wireless Link Termination Point RS: relay station (mesh cube) OTG-CI: On-the-go coverage indicator 42
  43. 43. GeoBIPS @ Wireless Lab WMN node = relay station E2E communication Sensor node QoS support: voice, video, info Mesh node 43
  44. 44. ADAMO @ Wireless Lab WMN node = router Full indoor coverage QoS support: voice, video, info Sensor node Multiple logical teams Mesh node 44
  45. 45. MultiTr@ns: Logistic chain !! Multimodal transport !! Coordination of logistic information !! Tracking of goods from supplier until final destination by means of sensors 45
  46. 46. MultiTr@ns @ Wireless Lab Tracking of goods Sensor node Mesh node 46
  47. 47. Outline !! Wireless networks: what? !! Wireless Lab: what & why? !! Some IBBT use cases: how? !! Conclusion 50
  48. 48. Conclusion !! The Wireless Lab @ iLab.t offers a flexible wireless test environment !!experimental validation of innovative network solutions and services/applications in a large-scale real life environment !!support of diverse use cases !!accessible for IBBT research partners and industry !! More info !!see workshop in the afternoon 51
  49. 49. Acknowledgement !! IBBT GBO projects !!WBA, https://projects.ibbt.be/wba/ !!DEUS, https://projects.ibbt.be/deus/ !!GeoBIPS, https://projects.ibbt.be/geobips/ !!ADAMO, https://projects.ibbt.be/adamo/ !!MultiTr@ns, https://projects.ibbt.be/multitrans/ !! The WSN team @ IBCN 52

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