Summary: The article called Art Education: Organizations Voice Support for Art Education by James M. Clarke is about the importance of integrating the visual arts into all schooling systems, K - 12. The article discusses the idea that art classes are as important as any other classes, and also brings up the new standards various schools are beginning to integrate. Clarke focuses on the fact that more and more schools are beginning to hop on this bandwagon - more and more school officials are beginning to see the benefits to having certified art educators in their schooling system.
In order for teachers to be required to teach visual arts, they must too be certified as an art educator.
“ Nine states now mandate certified art educators in grades K-12.” - This point proves the fact that more and more schools are beginning to take art education seriously.
There are three basic standards that some schools have begun to integrate: 1) “All elementary and secondary schools shall require students to complete a sequential program of art instruction that integrates the study of art production, aesthetics, art criticism, and art history.” 2) “For graduation from high school, every student shall be required to complete at least one year of credit in one of the fine arts.” 3) “For admission to a college or university, every student shall be required to have at least one year of credit in the visual arts.”
Clarke also states the importance of visual communication skills through elementary school and high school. Visual communication skills are vital for further studies.
Clarke also mentions a route educators can use to incorporate art into regular studies through art production, art history, criticism, and aesthetics.
I think James M. Clarke made good points in discussing the various ways schools are beginning to take art seriously and incorporate art courses into regular educational environments. I think it would have helped him to discuss the reasons why art was important, not just the mere fact that schools are beginning to integrate it.
Summary: JJ Charlesworth beings his article by reciting “It’s your world. What will you change?“ highlighting the powerful impact that art can have on it’s environment. He discusses the speedy downfall of art education into the hands of bureaucratic money-grubbing businesses. Charlesworth emphasizes on the idea that most students worry more about the cost of their education, rather than receiving the education they may most desire, especially art students. He claims that artistic freedom is being hindered by the overpowering business taking over educational systems, particularly in Britain. According to him, art education is a priority, yet it is constantly being pushed back and back to make room for spending on things such as buildings, managers, research, and administration.
Charlesworth makes the point that too much money goes towards unnecessary places: less than half of a student’s money will go to their teaching. The rest of the money goes to buildings, managers, administration, and research.
Charlesworth makes the point that art education has obliterated by consumerism, stating that people generally have “for-money” mentality when it comes to valuing their education or purchases.
Charlesworth makes the point that higher education has become a business, “a business that does not necessarily sell knowledge, but rather the potential experience of individualated, personal transformation, which reduces learning to no more than a set of purchasable access points to the development of a secure, professional career.”
I completely agree with JJ Charlesworth in this article. Not only has art education become a business, most other studies have as well. When enrolling into a college or university a student expects their money’s worth, which in turn means, that they will make up in their career all the money they had to give up for college in the first place. Possibly, if our money was going to the right place, that being towards the students and the education which directly affects them, they may find the reward of a college education useful in other areas rather than 9-5, office-driven careers.
Summary: This article reiterates the basic struggle to keep art education in schools, internationally as well as nationally. The significance of art on students is not easily avoided; students consistently show positive reactions to art classes, not only in that class, but everywhere in their educational environment. The practice of art classes in our schools gives students a place to express themselves, a place to become better acquainted with the idea of self-expression and self-understanding. Many students find that art classes help them study in other classes, because it studying and making art helps students to work their brains in a relaxed atmosphere. Art courses help students understand other subjects better: they improve grades and scores on standardized testing. Art education can relate to their other subjects in multiple ways, giving students various paths to understanding all of their school material.
The arts help raise student achievement.
The arts usually serve as rewards for “good students, or electives for the talented.”
The arts can usually help struggling students become better students.
Some schools which integrated art into their curriculum also changed the way they viewed standardized testing, and instead focused more on student work.
Art integration is a very useful way to incorporate art education in schools.
Expense can be a problem in integrating art into schools, but there are plenty of ways to integrate art activities without the high costs.
I agree with article. Art shouldn’t be a reward or a grant to the talented. Art should be a privilege to all students, especially considering the wonderful effect it can have on them. I really believe that art should be better incorporated into our schools. Most students benefit greatly from the integration, and it especially helps struggling students. Students should be given a broader atmosphere to learning, and school should be more interactive and interesting anyway. Art education is a really intelligent way to change the problems we have in our schools. One things that concerns me is the fact that public schools usually get cheated out of art education because of lazy teachers or money problems, but art education is important enough that it should be made a priority, not a gift.
The connection between all three articles was that they all discussed the importance of art education in schools.
The most interesting quote I found was from James M. Clarke’s article “Art Education: Organizations Voice Support for Art Education.”
“ The report recommends a discipline-based approach to art education consisting of art production, art history, criticism, and aesthetics.”
I think James M. Clarke wrote a fairly brief yet informative article, but I disagree with him on one particular point, that being the claim that art should be taught in a disciplined setting and manner. I think students from K-12 will only resent the teaching of art through that manner. Art, first of all, is not a factual study or activity. Art is open for discussion, open for interpretation, and understanding. To incorporate art into standard educational systems is a wonderful idea but it should not be done in such a disciplined manner. Students need to form their opinions about art, and they need to feel safe in proclaiming whether or not they like or dislike something, agree or disagree with something. Students learn best in a open environment, where they can say their opinion and say how they feel about something. Art is not science based, it is human creation, always changing, always different, always mysterious and never black and white. You cannot teach art, or incorporate art in to the educational environment, as if it is a science class.
Clarke, M. James. (December 2, 2008). Art Education: Organizations Voice Support for Art Education. Trends, pg. 96. EBSCOhost.