Energy Efficiency Indicator
2009 Findings




                May 6, 2009
Introduction and Welcome




    C. David Myers                                 Clay Nesler                      Don Albin...
Today’s Agenda
    Introducing Johnson Controls and IFMA
    An Overview of the Energy Efficiency Indicator
    Key Findin...
About Johnson Controls
    We create smart environments that are safe,
    comfortable and sustainable
    124-year-old gl...
About IFMA
                                                      World’s largest and most widely
                         ...
Value of workplace professionals
    This research recognizes the important role of
    workplace professionals in control...
Key Questions in the EEI
    What are the attitudes, priorities and
    concerns of the people at the front lines of
    e...
Who We Surveyed
1422…                       Total number of respondents
                       Respondents by Top 5 Vertic...
Efficiency has never been more important

    71%...
      Paying more attention to energy
      efficiency than last year...
Top Efficiency Measures

77% switched to energy efficient lighting

64% adjusted HVAC temperature controls

62% educated f...
Efficiency has never been more important
      What is your company's top strategy going forward to meet its carbon reduct...
Green Buildings & Renewables

     38% seeking green building certification for new
      construction projects, a 4% incr...
Holding Back on Investments

     10%...
       Drop in respondents expecting their
       organizations to make capital
 ...
Holding Back on Investments

           Percentage of participants planning to make energy efficiency
                   i...
Limited Funding
           Top Barrier to Achieving Energy Efficiency


      Capital availability                        ...
Uncertainty?

     -60% …. +100%
       Variation in expectations for year-on-year change in energy prices;
              ...
EEI Observations & Conclusions
     Increasing interest in energy efficiency
     Becoming more visible and important acro...
For More Complete EEI Results
Go to johnsoncontrols.com media press kits          BE




18   Johnson Controls Energy Effi...
Jimmy Stone, Oak Ridge Nat’l. Labs




19   Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
ORNL is DOE’s largest science
and energy laboratory




                                                      • World’s mo...
We incorporate energy efficiency into the design of
our facilities




                                  Daylighting and
 ...
Sustainable landscaping contributes to a vibrant campus

                                 Native
                         ...
We consider a variety of conditions

 High reflective albedo concrete to reduce heat islands
 Pervious pavement and drain ...
Our computational facilities are world leading in
speed and energy efficiency
  Computing speed: 1.64 petaflops
  Power us...
We are adding solar power to our energy mix


 51.25-kWp solar array installation
 Moving Building 3147 to net zero energy
We will continue to build
on our sustainable practices

               To date we have added 33% more area to ORNL
       ...
We are transforming
our West Campus with
sustainable techniques




27   Managed by UT-Battelle
     for the U.S. Departme...
Jennifer Dettman, Manpower




28   Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
Manpower
Sustainable Initiatives & Energy Efficiency




                   Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
Manpower HQ – Sustainable Construction


• Accomplished LEED Gold certification without adding to budget

• The water-effi...
Manpower HQ – Sustainable Construction


• Workspaces have diffusers that employees can adjust to
  increase/decrease airf...
Manpower HQ – Ongoing Initiatives


• Computers & Lighting: Lights are turned off at 6:30 pm; on at 6:30
  am. A natural l...
Manpower HQ – Ongoing Initiatives


• Heating / cooling: Goes into an unoccupied mode daily at
  6:00 pm. The building is ...
Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
Tim Clancy, Empire State Building




35   Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
Empire State Building Case Study
Cost-Effective Greenhouse Gas Reductions via Whole-Building Retrofits
MOTIVATION
Reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Create competitive advantage

Prior to 2008, the Empire State Building’s perfo...
WHOLE SYSTEMS APPROACH
Take the right steps in the right order

8 interactive retrofit measures designed to reduce loads i...
8 KEY MEASURES
ranging from base building retrofits to tenant engagement

                                                ...
KEY MEASURES
Some examples

WINDOWS: Remanufacture existing insulated glass (IG) within the Empire
State Building’s approx...
KEY MEASURES
Some examples

RADIATIVE BARRIER: Install more than six-thousand insulated reflective
barriers behind radiato...
KEY MEASURES
Some examples

CHILLER PLANT RETROFIT: The chiller plant retrofit project includes the
retrofit of four indus...
OUTCOMES

                                 • 38% overall energy use reduction
                                 • $4M annua...
Media Q & A




44
Energy Efficiency Indicator
2009 Findings
Appendix



46   Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
Who we surveyed
Respondents, by industry 0                          50   100   150   200   250    300
       Agriculture, ...
Who we surveyed
                                                              Survey Respondents, by Industry
            ...
Efficiency has never been more important
    Compared to 12 months ago, how much                              How importan...
Efficiency has never been more important
       What is your company's top strategy going forward to meet its carbon reduc...
Efficiency and environment both important
Is energy efficiency a priority in your current or      Relative influence of co...
Green building goals
What are the goals for your new construction                            What are the goals for your r...
But planned investment is declining
                      Do you expect to make energy efficiency
                      im...
But planned investment is declining
          What percentage of your company's/organization's facilities-related capital ...
and reported action is also declining
      Which measures has your company adopted to improve energy efficiency/reduce sp...
Energy price uncertainty
 Do you believe the price of the energy your                         By what percentage do you an...
Regulatory uncertainty
How likely is significant legislation mandating                   How influential are incentives of...
Energy Efficiency Indicator
2009 Findings
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EEI 2009

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View the results of the third annual Energy Efficiency Indicator (EEI). The Webinar took place on May 6, 2009.

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EEI 2009

  1. 1. Energy Efficiency Indicator 2009 Findings May 6, 2009
  2. 2. Introduction and Welcome C. David Myers Clay Nesler Don Albinger President Vice President Vice President Building Efficiency Global Energy & Sustainability Renewable Energy Solutions Johnson Controls Johnson Controls Johnson Controls 2 2008 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  3. 3. Today’s Agenda Introducing Johnson Controls and IFMA An Overview of the Energy Efficiency Indicator Key Findings from 2009 Perspectives on energy efficiency from: Oak Ridge National Laboratories Manpower The Empire State Building Media Question & Answer 3 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  4. 4. About Johnson Controls We create smart environments that are safe, comfortable and sustainable 124-year-old global, multi-industrial company 3 Divisions: Building Efficiency, Automotive Experience & Power Solutions 4 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  5. 5. About IFMA World’s largest and most widely recognized international. association for professional facility managers Supporting over 19,500 members in 60 countries 125 chapters and 15 councils worldwide, manage more than 37 billion square feet of property and Don Young annually purchase more than $100 Vice President of Communications, billion in products and services International Facility Management Association (IFMA) 5 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  6. 6. Value of workplace professionals This research recognizes the important role of workplace professionals in controlling operational costs related to energy consumption and making strategic capital investments in high-performing building technologies. EEI report helps validate the initiatives facility managers are undertaking to reduce energy consumption, maximize efficiency and reduce their organizations’ carbon footprints to create a better, more sustainable workplace. 6 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  7. 7. Key Questions in the EEI What are the attitudes, priorities and concerns of the people at the front lines of energy management and energy efficiency? What types of investments are they making? What financial criteria do they use? What trends are emerging? 7 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  8. 8. Who We Surveyed 1422… Total number of respondents Respondents by Top 5 Vertical Markets and Organizational Level 0 50 100 150 200 250 Service industry C-Level Finance, insurance, and banking VP or GM Energy/Risk Manager Facility Manager Manufacturing Other Retail trade Government and public administration 8 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  9. 9. Efficiency has never been more important 71%... Paying more attention to energy efficiency than last year 58%... Continue to say energy management is extremely or very important 9 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  10. 10. Top Efficiency Measures 77% switched to energy efficient lighting 64% adjusted HVAC temperature controls 62% educated facilities operations staff 38% installed lighting sensors 10 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  11. 11. Efficiency has never been more important What is your company's top strategy going forward to meet its carbon reduction goal? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Onsite renewable energy 12% Renewable power purchases 10% Energy efficiency in buildings 45% Energy efficiency in transportation 6% Use of alternative transportation fuels 1% Carbon emission offset purchases 7% No prioritization amongst strategies 14% Other/Don't know 7% 11
  12. 12. Green Buildings & Renewables 38% seeking green building certification for new construction projects, a 4% increase from last year 8% increase in organizations considering solar electric and 7% increase in geothermal energy 57% would like to own the assets (as opposed to entering into a power purchase agreement) 12 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  13. 13. Holding Back on Investments 10%... Drop in respondents expecting their organizations to make capital improvements in energy efficiency 6%... Drop in respondents expecting their organizations to make improvements in energy efficiency out of operating budgets 13 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  14. 14. Holding Back on Investments Percentage of participants planning to make energy efficiency investments over the next 12 months with.... 80% capital expenditures operating expenditures 64% 61% 60% 57% 56% 55% 46% 40% 2007 2008 2009 14 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  15. 15. Limited Funding Top Barrier to Achieving Energy Efficiency Capital availability 42% 3.5 Payback/ROI 21% Average maximum payback period for Dedicated attention, 12% ownership energy efficiency Landlord/tenant split 10% incentives Nearly 50% require Technical expertise 7% less than a 3 year payback Other (specify) 4% Buy-in from senior 4% leaders 0% 20% 40% 60% 15 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  16. 16. Uncertainty? -60% …. +100% Variation in expectations for year-on-year change in energy prices; 14% those that expect a price rise expect an average increase of 51% see significant legislation within 2 years as extremely or very likely, a 12% increase from last year 79% view incentives as highly influential in their purchase decisions, a 4% increase from last year 16 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  17. 17. EEI Observations & Conclusions Increasing interest in energy efficiency Becoming more visible and important across markets and organizations Tempered investment levels Driven by uncertainty in the economy, government policy, and energy prices Demand for efficiency will surge Reducing uncertainty and aligning incentives will drive significant investment in energy efficiency 17 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  18. 18. For More Complete EEI Results Go to johnsoncontrols.com media press kits BE 18 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  19. 19. Jimmy Stone, Oak Ridge Nat’l. Labs 19 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  20. 20. ORNL is DOE’s largest science and energy laboratory • World’s most powerful • $1.36B budget • Nation’s largest open scientific concentration • 4,400 employees computing facility of open source • 3,900 research materials research • Nation’s most diverse guests annually • World’s most intense energy portfolio • $500 million invested pulsed neutron source • Managing the billion- in modernization and a world-class dollar U.S. ITER project research reactor • 1 million ft2 LEED- certified campus
  21. 21. We incorporate energy efficiency into the design of our facilities Daylighting and reflective roof Building management systems Natural gas condensing boilers (98% efficient) Solar lighting
  22. 22. Sustainable landscaping contributes to a vibrant campus Native landscaping Pond cleanup and wildlife management Quadrangle area Walking trail
  23. 23. We consider a variety of conditions High reflective albedo concrete to reduce heat islands Pervious pavement and drain system in visitor parking area Downlighting systems to reduce night sky illumination
  24. 24. Our computational facilities are world leading in speed and energy efficiency Computing speed: 1.64 petaflops Power usage effectiveness: 1.3 Peak performance 1.645 petaflops System memory 362 terabytes Disk space 10.7 petabytes Disk bandwidth 240+ gigabytes/second Interconnect bandwidth 532 terabytes/second
  25. 25. We are adding solar power to our energy mix 51.25-kWp solar array installation Moving Building 3147 to net zero energy
  26. 26. We will continue to build on our sustainable practices To date we have added 33% more area to ORNL with only a 5% energy change We now have 1M ft2 of green building space We are on track to meet or exceed our DOE TEAM commitments Reduce fossil fuel use by >85% Reduce water use by 170M gallons per year Reduce energy intensity by 50% Implement 100% advanced electrical metering Provide 21% of energy from renewable sources
  27. 27. We are transforming our West Campus with sustainable techniques 27 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy JCI_0904
  28. 28. Jennifer Dettman, Manpower 28 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  29. 29. Manpower Sustainable Initiatives & Energy Efficiency Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
  30. 30. Manpower HQ – Sustainable Construction • Accomplished LEED Gold certification without adding to budget • The water-efficient plumbing fixtures reduce our usage by 41% • More than 10% of the building materials contain recycled elements • More than 20% of the materials (by cost) were manufactured within a 500 mile radius • More than 50% of the wood used on site was harvested from rapidly renewable forests and contains no formaldehydes • Manpower’s building comes from 30.5% recycled material • Indoor air quality is improved by the fact that the materials contain organic compounds. Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
  31. 31. Manpower HQ – Sustainable Construction • Workspaces have diffusers that employees can adjust to increase/decrease airflow in their area. • Building constructed on a “brownfield” site. It is preferable to develop on these sites, rather than quot;greenfieldquot; or previously undeveloped sites • Bicycle storage racks and changing rooms promote biking to work • Manpower world HQ does not use chemical compounds chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) or Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), which have been known to damage the ozone layer • Construction crews used low-emitting adhesives, sealants, paints, carpets, furniture, and composite wood to improve indoor environmental quality. Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
  32. 32. Manpower HQ – Ongoing Initiatives • Computers & Lighting: Lights are turned off at 6:30 pm; on at 6:30 am. A natural light sensor dims the two outer rows of lights during the day, if it is bright enough outside. Light sensors in conference and break rooms turn off lights after 5 minutes if no movement. To reduce light pollution, down lights installed throughout the HQ. Daylight and views are provided to more than 90% of the space in the building. • Paper, printing, copying: No colored copies unless for a client. Double-sided printing. Recycled paper for all our copying purposes. 100% shred policy. Shredding company recycles all paper. All printers and copiers are ENERGY STAR. Printers go into shutdown mode when not in use. • Recycling: We encourage recycling of aluminum cans, plastic and glass bottles. Each break room and cafeteria has a container for recyclables. All cardboard and paper is recycled. Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
  33. 33. Manpower HQ – Ongoing Initiatives • Heating / cooling: Goes into an unoccupied mode daily at 6:00 pm. The building is in an occupied mode for 62.5 hours during a normal work week and 8 hours on the weekend. • Vending / hospitality: Biodegradable to-go containers are used in the Point. Eliminated Styrofoam cups. Employees use their own cups. Break rooms have visitor ceramic coffee cups. • Bathrooms: Paper towels and roll paper towels made with recycled paper used in bathrooms. Water-efficient plumbing fixtures in bathrooms reduces usage by 41%. Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
  34. 34. Strategic Sourcing and Real Estate
  35. 35. Tim Clancy, Empire State Building 35 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  36. 36. Empire State Building Case Study Cost-Effective Greenhouse Gas Reductions via Whole-Building Retrofits
  37. 37. MOTIVATION Reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Create competitive advantage Prior to 2008, the Empire State Building’s performance was average compared to most U.S. office buildings. Annual utility costs: • $11 million ($4/sq. ft.) Annual CO2 emissions: • 25,000 metric tons Annual energy use: • 88 thousand Btu/sq. ft. Peak electric demand: • 9.5 MW (3.8 W/sq. ft.) 37
  38. 38. WHOLE SYSTEMS APPROACH Take the right steps in the right order 8 interactive retrofit measures designed to reduce loads in base building and tenant spaces prior to expensive new equipment or controls retrofits. Reduce Loads Use Efficient Technology Provide Controls 38
  39. 39. 8 KEY MEASURES ranging from base building retrofits to tenant engagement Annual Energy Savings by Measure 300 Annual Energy Use (Million Btu/year) 38% Total 9% Savings 6% 200 5% 5% 5% 3% 3% 2% 100 0 39
  40. 40. KEY MEASURES Some examples WINDOWS: Remanufacture existing insulated glass (IG) within the Empire State Building’s approximately 6,500 double-hung windows to include suspended coated film and gas fill. 40
  41. 41. KEY MEASURES Some examples RADIATIVE BARRIER: Install more than six-thousand insulated reflective barriers behind radiator units located on the perimeter of the building. 41
  42. 42. KEY MEASURES Some examples CHILLER PLANT RETROFIT: The chiller plant retrofit project includes the retrofit of four industrial electric chillers in addition to upgrades to controls, variable speed drives, and primary loop bypasses. 42
  43. 43. OUTCOMES • 38% overall energy use reduction • $4M annual energy spend savings • 33% cooling load reduction • Capital budget optimization resulting in $17M savings and 3.1 year payback • 105,000 metric tons GHG reduction over 15 years • Energy Star 90 rating (90% percentile) • LEED “Gold” certification target For more information, please visit www.esbsustainability.com 43
  44. 44. Media Q & A 44
  45. 45. Energy Efficiency Indicator 2009 Findings
  46. 46. Appendix 46 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  47. 47. Who we surveyed Respondents, by industry 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Agriculture, forestry Communications C-Level Construction VP or GM Education K-12 Higher education Energy Manager Finance and insurance Government Facility Manager Healthcare Other Hospitality Manufacturing Real estate Retail trade Service industry Transportation and logistics Utility and sanitation Wholesale trade Other Consumer products Life sciences Oil and gas 47 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  48. 48. Who we surveyed Survey Respondents, by Industry 25% Bubble Size = Average $1 Revenue (million US$) Fraction of Survey Respondents (%) 20% Other 15% Service industry Finance, insurance, and banking 10% Manufacturing Retail trade Real estate Construction Government 5% Healthcare Comms Wholesale Utility and Hospitality Consumer goods trade Higher education sanitation Oil andTransportation Life sciences services K-12 Education gas and logistics 0% 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 Average Facility Area for which Responsible (square feet) 48 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  49. 49. Efficiency has never been more important Compared to 12 months ago, how much How important is energy management to your attention is your company/organization paying company/organization? to energy efficiency now? 100% 100% Not at all important Don't know 24% 25% 80% 80% 33% 33% 35% Not very A lot less 38% important 60% 60% A little less Somewhat 39% 42% important About the same 39% 40% 40% 39% 37% Very important A little more 36% 20% A lot more 20% Extremely 32% 30% 23% important 20% 19% 15% 0% 0% 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 49 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  50. 50. Efficiency has never been more important What is your company's top strategy going forward to meet its carbon reduction goal? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Onsite renewable energy Renewable power purchases Energy efficiency in buildings Energy efficiency in transportation Use of alternative transportation fuels Overall Carbon emission offset purchases C-Level/VPs No prioritization amongst strategies Facility/Energy Manager Other/Don't know When tackling climate, leaders choosing efficiency first 50
  51. 51. Efficiency and environment both important Is energy efficiency a priority in your current or Relative influence of cost savings vs. planned construction or retrofit projects? environmental responsibility 2% 2% 5% 1% 1% 1% 100% 100% 100% for 5% 5% 6% 5% environmental 10% 7% 8% 10% 18% Mostly for Don't know 80% 80% environmental 35% Somewhat more 37% 36% environmental 60% 60% 50% cost/50% No environmental 93% 88% 22% 40% 40% 77% Somewhat more 20% 21% cost savings Mostly for cost 20% 20% 24% 21% savings Yes 20% 100% for cost 7% 6% 6% savings 0% 0% 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 Cost the greater motivation, but environment important too 51
  52. 52. Green building goals What are the goals for your new construction What are the goals for your retrofit projects with projects with respect to green buildings? respect to green buildings? 3% 100% 3% 100% 3% 5% don't know don't know 14% 16% 12% 18% 80% 80% no goal for no goal for green buildings green buildings 60% 45% 60% 48% 59% 64% green elements, green elements, 40% 40% but not certified but not certified 20% 20% 38% certified to a certified to a 34% recognized recognized 20% 17% green standard green standard 0% 0% 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 Seeking certification or green elements more often 52 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  53. 53. But planned investment is declining Do you expect to make energy efficiency improvements over the next 12 months... with capital expenditures? with operating expenditures? Don't know No Yes Don't know No Yes 100% 100% 16% 17% 21% 21% 24% 24% 80% 80% 21% 26% 18% 23% 21% 30% 60% 60% 40% 40% 64% 61% 57% 56% 55% 46% 20% 20% 0% 0% 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 53 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  54. 54. But planned investment is declining What percentage of your company's/organization's facilities-related capital budget do you expect to see invested in energy efficiency improvements over the next 12 months? 30% n = 712 2007 25% 2008 n = 636 20% 2009 n = 651 15% 10% 5% 0% Less 1% to 5% to 10% to 15% to 20% to 25% to > 30% Don't than 1% 4% 9% 14% 19% 24% 30% know Investing a smaller fraction of their facilities capital budgets 54 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  55. 55. and reported action is also declining Which measures has your company adopted to improve energy efficiency/reduce spend? 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Switched to energy efficient lighting Adjusted controls to reduce heating/AC time Educated facilities operations staff Installed lighting sensors Replaced inefficient equipment before end of useful life Increased frequency of monitoring consumption Installed or adjusted lighting timers Increased preventive maintenance schedules 2007 Upgraded existing building management system Increased building insulation 2008 Attended or sent staff to energy seminars Installed energy-saving glass in windows 2009 Installed variable speed/frequency drives Re-roofed with white roof covering Installed a building management system Hired energy consultant Re-commissioned building systems and equipment Hired energy manager Doing less across the board 55 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  56. 56. Energy price uncertainty Do you believe the price of the energy your By what percentage do you anticipate that the facilities use will increase, decrease, or not combined price of the energy your facilities use change significantly over the next 12 months? will increase over the next 12 months? 100% 100% 13.3% 13.8% 13.8% mean 16% 18% not change 31% significantly 4% 80% 80% 3% Don't know 13% 21% 9% decrease More than 40% 60% 60% 17% 21%-40% 18% 19% 40% 40% increase 80% 79% 11%-20% 12% 60% 24% 19% 6%-10% 20% 20% 15% 1%-5% 16% 13% 11% 0% 0% 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 Wide divergence in expectations for energy prices; For those expecting a rise, average is 14% 56 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  57. 57. Regulatory uncertainty How likely is significant legislation mandating How influential are incentives offered by utilities energy efficiency and/or carbon reduction or governments in your company's energy within the next 2 years? efficiency decisions? 100% 100% Don't know 5% 8% 85% 12% 14% 76% 80% 80% Not at all 16% Extremely influential 11% likely 36% Not very 60% 60% 37% influential Very likely 35% 28% Somewhat 40% 40% influential Somewhat 30% Very 26% likely influential 20% 20% 37% 34% Extremely 13% 12% influential 0% 0% 2007 2008 2009 2007 2008 2009 Expecting more sticks and carrots for investing in efficiency 57 Johnson Controls Energy Efficiency Indicator
  58. 58. Energy Efficiency Indicator 2009 Findings
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