READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS


Reference
Alderson, J.C. (2000) Assessing reading. (pp. 85-115). C.U.P

Nunan, David. (19...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
Research into the assessment of reading.
   FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING
   ...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS


“The large amount of research into reading can be
partly accounted for by the fact that c...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS


Role of Grammar in Reading Tests

 “If grammar and reading tests overlap to a large
 exte...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
Role of grammar in reading tests

 THE TRANSFER HYPOTHESIS


“Limited linguistic proficienc...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
Role of Vocabulary in Reading Tests

 “Tests of vocabulary are highly predictive of perform...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
Role of Vocabulary in Reading Tests

        What does vocabulary test measure?.

“Accordin...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
Use of Dictionaries in Reading Test

“To reduce the effect of vocabulary knowledge on
measu...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
Use of Dictionaries in Reading Test

However, some have argued that allowing students to
us...
READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
 Kinds of Linguistic Knowledge


Phonetic knowledge
Phonological knowledge
Morphological kn...
THANK YOU
THEORY QUIZ
              FIRST QUIZ - SECOND TERM



1. What does the transfer hypothesis claim?

Complete these two outc...
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5th session reading strategies

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5th session reading strategies

  1. 1. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS
  2. 2. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Reference Alderson, J.C. (2000) Assessing reading. (pp. 85-115). C.U.P Nunan, David. (1999) Second Language Learning. (pp. 249- 271) Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
  3. 3. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Research into the assessment of reading. FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST ITEMS  Language of questions  Types of Questions  Testing Skills  Role of Grammar in Reading Tests  Role of Vocabulary in Reading Tests  Use of Dictionaries in Reading Tests FACTORS AFFECTING THE DIFFICULTY OF READING TEST TEXTS  Background knowledge Vs Text Content  Text length  Theory Quiz (based on today's discussion)
  4. 4. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS “The large amount of research into reading can be partly accounted for by the fact that cognitive psychologists, as much as educators, have been interested in the processes underlying literacy development” Grabe (1993) cited in Nunan (1999: 256).
  5. 5. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Role of Grammar in Reading Tests “If grammar and reading tests overlap to a large extend, why bother testing „reading‟ (although others might say „grammar‟)…if one believes that reading involves much more than the use of linguistic knowledge” (p.98).
  6. 6. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Role of grammar in reading tests THE TRANSFER HYPOTHESIS “Limited linguistic proficiency would appear to “short-circuit” the transfer of reading skills from one language to another(Cziko; Clarke, 1979)” Cited in Nunan (1999).
  7. 7. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Role of Vocabulary in Reading Tests “Tests of vocabulary are highly predictive of performance on tests of reading comprehension. In studies of readability, most of vocabulary difficulty account for about 80% of the predicted variance. In short, vocabulary plays a very important role in reading tests” (p.99).
  8. 8. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Role of Vocabulary in Reading Tests What does vocabulary test measure?. “According to Johnston‟s (1984) study it might be prior knowledge as well as or rather than lexical knowledge” cited in Alderson (2000:99) “Clearly vocabulary is important to text comprehension, and thus to test performance” (p.99)
  9. 9. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Use of Dictionaries in Reading Test “To reduce the effect of vocabulary knowledge on measures of reading comprehension, it might be wise to allow students to compensate for lack of vocabulary by consulting dictionaries” (p.99)
  10. 10. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Use of Dictionaries in Reading Test However, some have argued that allowing students to use dictionaries during a reading test… Provide some of what is being tested. Waste time looking up words. “it appeared that more proficient students used the dictionaries less” (p.100).
  11. 11. READING AS A STRATEGIC PROCESS Kinds of Linguistic Knowledge Phonetic knowledge Phonological knowledge Morphological knowledge Syntactic (and semantic) knowledge Semantic knowledge Pragmatic knowledge Knowledge of varieties of language http://www.cs.indiana.edu/classes/c661/ling_k.html Sentence length, the familiarity of the vocabulary, and grammatical complexity.)
  12. 12. THANK YOU
  13. 13. THEORY QUIZ FIRST QUIZ - SECOND TERM 1. What does the transfer hypothesis claim? Complete these two outcomes: 2. What does vocabulary test measure? According to Johnston (1984) study... 3. However, some have argued that allowing students to use dictionaries during a reading test…

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