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Relative Clauses
 

Relative Clauses

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    Relative Clauses Relative Clauses Presentation Transcript

    • RELATIVE CLAUSES
      • WHO : This is the man who helped me
      • yesterday.
      • WHERE: This is the place where I was
      • born.
      • THAT: I told you the truth that you
      • didn´t want to hear.
      • WHOSE: Do you know the boy whose
      • mother is a nurse?
      • WHOM: I was invited by the professor
      • whom I met at the conference.
      • WHICH : Do you see the cat which is
      • lying on the roof?
      • WHY : You didn´t tell me the reason
      • why we met him .
    • 1. The relative pronoun stands in place of a noun. This noun usually appears earlier in the sentence: The woman who/that spoke at the meeting was very knowledgeable verb + rest of main clause verb + rest of relative clause relative pronoun referring to 'the woman', subject of 'spoke' Noun, subject of main clause
      • 2. Who, whom and which can be replaced by that. This is very common in spoken English.
      • 3. The relative pronoun can be omitted ( ø ) when it is the object of the clause:
      • The mouse that the elephant loved was very beautiful. OR The mouse the elephant loved was very beautiful.
      • 4. Whose is used for things as well as for people.
      • Examples: The man whose car was stolen .
      • A tree whose leaves have fallen .
      • 5. Whom is very formal and is only used in written English. You can use who/that , or omit the pronoun completely :
      • The doctor whom/who/that/ø I was hoping to see wasn't on duty.
      • 6. That normally follows words like something, anything, everything, nothing, all, and superlatives.
      • Examples:
      • There's something that you should know .
      • It was the best film that I've ever seen .
      • Examples:
      • Examples:
      • A clown is someone who makes you laugh .
      • An elephant is an animal that lives in hot countries .
      • The plums(ciruelas) that were in the fridge were delicious. I have eaten them.
      • Where are the plums ( that) I put in the fridge ?
      • Has anyone seen the book(that) I was reading ?
      • Nothing that anyone does can replace my lost bag.
      • Let's go to a country where the sun always shines .
      • They live in the house whose roof is full of holes .
      • Complete the sentences using relative clauses. Use who and which .
      • A Scottish is a person (live in Scotland)
      • Nessie is a monster (live in Loch Ness)
      • A fridge is a thing (keep food cool)
      • A DJ is someone (play music in a disco)
      • A bee is an insect (make honey)
      • A lemon is a fruit (be yellow and sour)
      • A watch is a thing (tell the time)
      • A ferry is a ship (carry people across the water)
      • A shop assistant is someone (work in a shop)
      • A key is a thing (can open and lock doors)
    • ANSWERS
      • A Scottish is a person (live in Scotland)
      • A Scottish is a person who lives in Scotland
      • Nessie is a monster (live in Loch Ness)
      • Nessie is a monster that lives in Loch Ness
      • A fridge is a thing (keep food cool)
      • A fridge is a thing that keeps food cool
      • A DJ is someone (play music in a disco)
      • A DJ is someone who plays music in a
      • disco
      • A bee is an insect (make honey)
      • A bee is an insect that makes honey
      • A lemon is a fruit (be yellow and sour)
      • A lemon is a fruit that is yellow and sour
      • A watch is a thing (tell the time)
      • A watch is a thing that tells the time
      • A ferry is a ship (carry people across the water)
      • A ferry is a ship that carries people across the water.
      • A shop assistant is someone (work in a shop)
      • A shop assistant is someone who works in a shop
      • A key is a thing (can open and lock doors)
      • A key is a thing that can open and lock doors
    • bye and good luck!.