Dwarf and Standard Varieties grow from desk-top size to 4’ tall
Weeping Fig Ficus benjaminia
Shrub or tree
Variegated or green
Bright indirect sunlight
Keep soil barely moist
Fertilize every two weeks
Whitefly mealy bugs, scale & thrips
Leaves drop whenever conditions change
Propagation: Seeds, stem cuttings and air-layering in the spring through summer
The practice of designing, arranging, and caring for living plants in enclosed environments
Contract for design, installation & maintenance of interior gardens for hotels, conference centers, shopping malls
Provide structure, lighting, & plumbing
Tropical plants that adapt well to growing in containers under less than ideal conditions.
Common Names – Used by customers
Scientific Name – Used by growers & wholesalers
A house plant that will live and re-bloom over a many year lifespan
Some houseplants may be over 50 years old.
Plants that are sold at peak bloom and will not re-bloom for customers with normal care
Usually very attractive gift plants
Grow under conditions that mimic nature
Protect from Freezing
Filtered light – jungle understory
Bright light – desert plants
Higher than most homes
Caring for houseplants
Most plants are killed by over-watering
Scratch the surface of the pot, the soil should be moist ½” down
Wilting may be a result of rotten roots
too much water
Methods of Watering
drench and let dry completely
drench and let dry slightly
keep media constantly moist
50-85 F daytime
night - drop 10-15 below daytime temp
locate plants away from air-conditioners and drafts
Lighting: natural or artificial
measured in foot candles or klux
partial shade or weak sun - less than 50% natural sun light
indirect or filtered light - no direct sun light
The Light Spectrum
Plants only use radiation energy in the visible spectrum.
Chlorophyll does not absorb in the green spectrum
Incandescent bulbs don’t provide usable light to plants
Florescent bulbs provide light about 2’ from bulb
Grow lights provide more light in the correct wavelengths
% of moisture in the air
varies with seasons
low in the winter
Increase humidity by:
spraying with fine mist
fill water tight tray with water and pea gravel, set plants in it
use a humidifier
place plants in the part of the house with the highest humidity
small beads applied to the soil
nutrients are steadily released
plant absorbs nutrients as needed
avoids over feeding
liquid or solid
dissolved in water before applying
varies with each plant
African Violet Mix - sandy
Orchid Mix – chunky: lots of bark
organic matter helps to improve water holding capacity
perlite helps to keep the mix loose and easily drained
drainage should be available
use well drained soil mix
put saucer under pot to protect furniture from water
select appropriate container and soil mix
provide drainage - put rocks or put shards in the bottom of container
add potting mix to cover rocks
place plant in to check soil level
should be 1/2 inch below top of pot
fill remainder of container with media
repot plants when:
they become root bound
roots appear at the top of soil
Roots grow out of the bottom
A few plants grow best when roots are crowded
Separate roots to allow re-growth
If plant is blooming, wait until after flowering is completed
Select pot or container of the next larger size than the original
Trim roots to make plant fit in old container
clean occasionally with a fine spray of water
wipe top and underside of leaves
helps to remove dust and insects
do not use leaf shine products
clogs the stomata
makes it hard for plants to breathe
Take 5 stretch –
Next – Job applications
First impressions are important.
Remember to bring everything with you that you will need when filling out applications.
Ball point pens (black or blue ink)
Your fact sheet
Copies of your resume
Your completed application is a reflection of you. Make it a good one!
Employers use applications to decide who to interview
Filling Out Applications
Read the entire application form first: especially the instructions
Be polite when requesting or submitting an application.
Be honest in your answers.
Use blue or black ink pens.
Have a fact sheet
Print clearly and legibly.
Apply for a specific position, not "anything,"
Leave no blanks. Write "Does Not Apply" (or "N/A")
Read and check the application for completeness before turning it in to the employer.
Be sure to sign and date the application.
Mail or turn the application into the correct person or place.
In the name field, be sure to note in what order the employer wants your first and last names. Print neatly.
Use an address where you can receive mail.
Provide your telephone number with an area code. If you use a message number, make sure that everyone at that number knows what to say for you or that the message on a message machine is appropriate.
Be sure that you meet the health requirements for the job. If a physical examination is a condition of employment, the employer must pay for it and can only request it after you are hired.
All applications ask for information about the schools you've attended. List your education , detailing any special courses.
If you have any professional certification, licenses, or registrations, ie. special class driver's license.
List any hobbies or interests you may have. This will provide the employer with additional information about related skills.
If possible, avoid entering birth dates or school graduation dates on an application.
Always fill in the space for the "Position Desired."
Never write "any" or "will do anything!"
It is acceptable to list more than one position.
In the salary desired field write "open" or "negotiable“
Don’t put in a salary figure that might be too high or too low.
In the availability field write "immediately," if you are available to start right away.
If you are currently employed, indicate that you are available to start after giving two weeks notice.
Giving two weeks notice makes it more likely that you will get a good reference from the employer.
Be knowledgeable about the hours required for the job.
Give your job title and dates of employment; the name, address, and phone number of the employer; and a description of your duties.
Might need your salary and your supervisor's name.
Include part-time and full-time jobs.
Make sure that the dates of employment don't overlap or conflict.
Highlight any club activities, or volunteer work, or organizations you belong to, that may relate to the job you are seeking.
List any special skills, abilities, experience and/or training that relate to the position you want.
Always talk to your references before beginning your work search, to ask permission to use their names, addresses, and phone numbers on your application(s).
Former employers, business acquaintances, teachers, and the clergy are all acceptable references. Be sure to keep your reference list updated and let them know when you find a job.
If asked for the reason you left a job, use positive phrases
"to take a job with more responsibility," "moved," "seasonal," "business closed," "job or contract ended," "temporary work," " laid off," " reorganization," "returned to school," " or "career change."
Avoid negative words
"fired," "quit," "absenteeism," or "tardiness."
Not following directions
Crossed out writing
Wrinkled or messy application form
Incomplete information or unanswered questions
Not applying for a specific position
Application not turned in by the deadline
Use of troublesome words, such as "quit" or "fired"
Forgetting to sign the application
Find out all information before going to put in your application