ADVENTURE TOURISM Georgina Borràs Crusi Marina Muñoz i Martín
INTRODUCTION - The most part of information that we have is from specific books of tourism typologies like “Tipologías turísticas” Albert Blasco Peris. Also we have used web pages like propostes.com, turismoaventura.com or lmb.gov.bc.ca/adventure_tourism/index.html. - Of these information sources we have seen in what consists the adventure tourism, which types there are, where is done, etc… - We have chosen this typology because it seems so interesting to us. It offers diferent options and nowadays is increasing, despite it keeps being a minority typology.
THE CONTENT WHAT IS THE ADVENTURE TOURISM? This kind of tourism means risks, but always a calculated risk. The main motivation that promotes people to do this kind of activities is the boredom, the routine. It includes the practice of some sports and the adventure trips. With active sport tourism, they want to set up of a bigger concept, the active tourism.
It uses natural environment : But participants persecute feeling sensations not nature’s contemplation, though the two activities aren’t incompatibles.
The main motivation (the risk, the adventure) can be combined with others (fun, nature, landscape).
Fashion, cultural affinity and accessibility have a big influence on adventure trips. Cultural affinity and accessibility cause opposite effects that they would cause normally so less accessibility and cultural affinity contribute to have more sensation of adventure. It can pass the same with the price.
Destination has to be good communicated in international field.
They are zones of little urban planning and usually little traditional.
The adventure sports’ tourists can use almost all the types of touristic accommodation: camping, hostels, rural houses, hotels, apartments...
The adventurous tourist is usually young. Even though more and more the adventure sports are being adapted for all ages. The most common is groups of friends around thirties. Even so, lately new trends have been detected like the case of couples that make their honeymoon a journey of adventure.
It is a tourism that in general presents little seasonality. Depending on the destination and the climatology of this there will be a modality or another .
It can be practiced in a lot of places. Even in artificial reproductions.
This type of tourists almost do not require complementary services.
ADVENTURE TRIPS It is difficult to describe what is a journey of adventure, but all have four characteristics in common : 1. They are itineraries that bring certain difficulties: descents from rivers, long appealed across the desert, crossings for seas... 2. The ways of transport used can be not conventional. Canoes, sailing boat in the crossings by sea, jeeps... 3. The journey has to suppose a certain discomfort. Exoticism does not have to be confused with adventure. 4. The luggage has to be the possible minimum.
ADVENTURE SPORTS The difference between practicing a conventional sport and one of adventure is the risk. There are a lot of adventure sports and many possibilities to combine them. Usually we separate adventure sports in three categories: Terrestrial Aquatics Aerial
Some interesting adventure sports : Paragliding : is a modality of free fly. The sportman/woman throw himself for a very steep mountain’s slope. He or she hang himself from a ultralight glide. That it have to be less heavy than the pilot. The landig is done on food. Canyoning : it consists to decending a precipice following river’s courses. It combine climb technics’ with swimming.
Climb : climb up mountains. We can play it in artificial facilities, the artificial training walls. Rafting : is a descent for fierce waters’ rivers in a pneumatic boat with capacity for several people (places from 6 to 8).
Helisky : the sportman/woman is raised for an helicopter. He/she leave himself fall for the mountainside where is possible sky. River sky : it the same than rafting but using a special skis and a row with double blade.
Hydrobob : is descending for fierce water’s rivers in a elongated vehicle with capacity for 4 people. Hydrospeed : or Hidrosled because it consits in descends fierce water’s rivers with a special sled. This vehicle hold the soprtmanin the water but the legs are submerged. Canoening : flowing in canoe for the fierce or clam waters of a river.
Bungee jumping : it consists in throwing of a bridge or similar (like a crane), clamped by a rope, which it lends the jumper suspended on the air. Trekking and hiking : the difference between them is that the first carries out much longer routes. People walk for zones with high level of difficulties. It stay in shelters or in improvised campings.
Canyoning: barranquismo (EE.UU.) – Gorge (UK)
Slope : pendiente
Glide : planeador
Precipice : Precipicio
Artificial training wall: rocódromo
Bungee jumping: puenting
Rope : cuerda
Set up : formar parte
Hang : suspenderose
Climb up : escalar
Raise : elevase
Flow : circular
Carry out: realizar
Raise : elevase
Terrestrial : terrestre
Duly : degudament
Adventure Tourism is a type of tourism that implicates a journey at remote areas, where the traveler wait for what is unexpected. The tourists search unusual and different holidays. They want passing moments of adrenalin and experiment new sensations.
We are very interested in this kind of tourism because it is very different to it we are accustomed.
It offers a lot of different possibilities to do, according with your idea or that you want to do.
We thing feeling this sensations is one of those worthwhile things .
We have some organization problems, but at the end we can overcoming them. We work together and all the presentation has been prepared in common.
Next, you will find a list of web sites with proposals, programs and products related to the adventure tourism very interesting: