Phrasal Verb


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Phrasal Verb

  1. 1. You may not leave unless, tell me, what is a phrasal verb? I don’t have idea. Can you help me? Yes, What do you need? Phrasal Verb
  2. 2. What is phrasal verb ¡Oh my God! I don’t now, But I have a friend I will call her. I know, is very easy, the one is:
  3. 3. 1.  A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb. Example: I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. run + into = meet He ran away when he was 15. run + away = leave home 2. Some phrasal verbs are intransitive. An intransitive verb cannot be followed by an object. Example: He suddenly showed up . "show up" cannot take an object 3. Some phrasal verbs are transitive. A transitive verb can be followed by an object. Example: I made up the story . "story" is the object of "make up" 4. Some transitive phrasal verbs are separable. The object is placed between the verb and the preposition. In this Phrasal Verb Dictionary, separable phrasal verbs are marked by placing a * between the verb and the preposition / adverb. Example: I talked my mother into letting me borrow the car. She looked the phone number up . 5. Some transitive phrasal verbs are inseparable. The object is placed after the preposition. In this Phrasal Verb Dictionary, inseparable phrasal verbs are marked by placing a + after the preposition / adverb. Example: I ran into an old friend yesterday. They are looking into the problem . 6. Some transitive phrasal verbs can take an object in both places. In this Phrasal Verb Dictionary, such phrasal verbs are marked with both * and + . Example: I looked the number up in the phone book. I looked up the number in the phone book. 7. WARNING! Although many phrasal verbs can take an object in both places, you must put the object between the verb and the preposition if the object is a pronoun. Example: I looked the number up in the phone book. I looked up the number in the phone book. I looked it up in the phone book. correct I looked up it in the phone book. incorrect What are phrasal verbs?
  4. 4. Thanks, My dear friend I know MmmmmmmWhat is it? Phrasal Verb is multi-word and I have any examples
  5. 5. All the flowers have come out. When the news came out, everyone was shocked. My photos didn’t come out very well. Appear Come out I’m afraid that deal didn’t come off after all. Take place successfully Come off The government has come in for a lot of criticism over the decision. Receive – especially criticism, blame Come in for It all comes down to whether you are prepared to accept less money. Be in the end, a matter of Come down to Let me explain how the situation came about. Happen Come about This new hairstyle is beginning to catch on. Become popular – colloquial Catch on The attack was successfully carried out Complete a plan Carry out Jane had a difficult role to play, but she carried it off. Complete successfully – perhaps despite a problem Carry off Mark was called up when the war broke up. Mobilise for military service Call up I feel I ought to bring up another small matter. Mention Bring up After much discussion, I brought the committee round to my point of view. Influence someone to your point of view Bring around You have brought this on/upon yourself! Cause trouble to happen to oneself Bring on/upon Sitting in the damp brought on his rheumatism. Cause the onset of an illness Bring on The team tried for years to win the competition and they finally brought it off. Succeed in doing something Bring off The crisis was brought about by Brenda’s resignation Cause to happen Bring about The party finally broke up at 3.00am. Come to an end Break up He broke off to answer the phone Stop talking Break off David broke down and wept when he heard the news. Lose control of the emotions Break down Helen’s alibi was borne out by her sister. Confirm the truth Bear out We hadn’t bargained for there being so much traffic, and we missed the plane. Take into account Bargain for Sheila was right, so Paul had to back down. Yield in an argument Back down Jim was asking after you Inquire about Ask after Her evidence just doesn’t add up. Make sense Add up EXAMPLES MEANING PHRASAL VERB
  6. 6. I had the feeling I wasn’t getting across. Be understood – especially get Get across We’ll follow up this lesson next week. Take more action Follow up Thanks for the information about that book. I’ll follow it up. Act upon a suggestion Follow up Old Mr Smith didn’t feel up to walking all that way. Feel capable of doing Feel up to The plan fell through at the last minute. Fail to come to completion Fall through Peter has fallen out with his boss. Quarrel with Fall out with I fell for you the moment I saw you. Fall in love - colloquial Fall for EXAMPLES MEANING PHRASAL VERB It was an unlikely story but he fell for it. Be deceived by - colloquial Fall for If the worst comes to the worst, we’ve got our savings to fall back on. Use as a last resort Fall back on Everyone fell about when Jane told her joke. Show amusement – especially laughing - colloquial Fall about You have to face up to your responsibilities. Have courage to deal with – especially responsibilities Face up to We ended up staying there for lunch. The car ended up in a ditch. Finish in a certain way, or place End up The baby has just dropped off. Fall asleep - colloquial Drop off Drop in any time you’re passing. Pay a visit - colloquial Drop in The contract is being drawn up at the moment. Organise – especially a document Draw up A white sports car drew up outside the door. Come to a stop Draw up We are having our living room done up. Decorate - colloquial Do up What if they do away with the old man? Murder - colloquial Do away with Dog licenses have been done away with. Abolish - colloquial Do away with I can’t come to your party, something has cropped up. Happen unexpectedly - colloquial Crop up Don’t worry, you can count on me. Rely on Count on We still haven’t come up with a solution to the problem. Think of – especially an answer, a plan, a solution Come up with The play didn’t come up to expectations. Equal – especially expectations, standard Come up to We’ve come up against a bit of problems. Meet a difficulty Come up against Look, something has come up, and I can’t meet you. Occur – usually a problem – colloquial Come up
  7. 7. My teacher has (got) it in for me. Be deliberately unkind to someone – also as have got Have it in for I think we should hang onto the car until next year. Keep - colloquial Hang onto This new record is growing on me. Become more liked - colloquial Grow on When it came to actually stealing the money, Nora couldn’t go through with us. Complete a promise or plan – usually unwillingly Go through with There weren’t enough life jackets to go round. Be enough Go round Something funny is going on. Happen – usually negative Go on This milk has gone off. Become bad - food Go off Are you thinking of going in for the race? Enter a competition Go in for I don’t go in for that kind of thing. Make a habit of Go in for The management has gone back on its promise. Break a promise Go back on After ten days the ship was given up for lost. Believed to be dead or lost Give up The escaped prisoner gave herself up. Surrender Give up Why don’t you give over! You’re getting on my nerves! Stop - colloquial Give over The rest of the time was given over to playing cards. Abandon, devote Give over When our money gave out we had to borrow. Be exhausted Give out The cheese had begun to give off a strange smell. Send of a smell – liquid or gas Give off His false identity papers gave him away. Betray Give away The children are getting up to something in the garden. What have you been getting up to lately? Do something – usually bad when about children - colloquial Get up to Sorry, but I haven’t got round to fixing the tap yet. Fill time to do – also around Get round to I’ll be glad to get this awful business over with. Come to the end of something, usually unpleasant Get over with I couldn’t get over how well she looked. Be surprised Get over Sue is getting on very well in her new job. Make progress – especially in life Get on He must be getting on for seventy. Approach a certain age/time/number Get on for They were lucky to get off with such light sentences. Avoid punishment Get off with It’s time we got down to some real work. Begin to seriously deal with Get down to This cold weather really gets me down. Make to feel depressed - colloquial Get down What are you getting at exactly? Imply – about personal matters – colloquial Get at
  8. 8. You have missed out a word here. Fail to include Miss out Our success makes up for all the hard times. Compensate for Make up for I think you made up the whole story! Invent Make up Janet is really odd. I can’t make her out. Understand someone’s behaviour Make someone out I couldn’t quite make out what the notice said. Manage to see or understand Make out Tim made out that that he hadn’t seen the No Smoking sign. Pretend Make out The thief made off with a valuable necklace. Run away with Make off with The power steering makes for easier parking. Result in Make for If you’re passing through Athens, look me up. Visit when in the area Look someone up We look on this town as our real home. Consider Look on The police have promised to look into the problem. Investigate Look into The play quite lived up to my expectations. Reach an expected standard Live up to If City lose, they’ll never live it down. Suffer a loss of reputation (not) Live down We’re planning a surprise for Helen, but don’t let on. Inform about a secret - colloquial Let on EXAMPLES MEANING PHRASAL VERB As Dave was young, the judge let him off with a fine. Excuse from punishment Let off We haven’t let Tina in on the plans yet. Allow being part of a secret Let it on Sorry to let you down, but I can’t give you a lift today. Disappoint, break a promise. Let down The company has laid down strict procedures for this kind of situation. State a rule-especially lay down the law Lay down Well done! Keep up the good work! Continue Keep up I don’t hold with the idea of using force. Agree with – an idea Hold with John was always held up as an example to me. Use as an example-i.e. A model of good behaviour Hold up Sorry I’m late, I was held up in the traffic Delay Hold up We don’t hold out much hope that the price will fall. Offer – especially with hope Hold out They hit upon the solution quite by chance. Discover by chance – often an idea Hit upon/on Mark and Sarah really hit it off at the party. Get on well with - colloquial Hit it off I don’t believe you. You’re having me on. Deceive – colloquial Have someone on
  9. 9. Jean is always sending up the French teacher. Make fun of by imitating Send up I saw through his intentions at once. Realise the truth about See through I went to the station to see them off. Go to station, airport, etc to say goodbye to someone See someone off We’ve run up against a slight problem. Encounter – usually a problem Run up against I ran up a huge telephone bill at the hotel. A bill – let a bill get longer without paying Run up Let’s run over the plan once more. Check – also run through Run over I don’t think we can run to a holiday abroad this year. Have enough money Run to Guess who I run into at the supermarket! Meet Run into I think the batteries are running down. Lose power - allow to decline Run down She’s always running down her husband. Criticise Run down You paid £50? They really ripped you off! Charge too much - colloquial Rip off I can’t put up with all this noise! Tolerate - bear Put up with We can put you up for a few days. Offer accommodation Put up The crowd put the gymnast off, and he fell. Discourage - upset Put off Please don’t put yourself out making a meal. A sandwich will do. Take trouble – to help someone Put oneself out Sue has put in for a teaching job. Apply for a job Put in for Diane’s poor performance was put down to nerves. Explain the cause of Put down to Harry is clever but he can’t put his ideas across. Communicate ideas Put across Let’s push on and try to reach the coast by tonight. Continue with some effort - colloquial Push on It was a tricky plan, but we pulled it off. Manage to succeed Put off I pointed out that I would be on holiday anyway. Draw attention to a fact Point out The car is playing up again. It won’t start. Behave or work badly Play up I asked Jim to name a suitable day, but I couldn’t pin him down. Force to give a clear statement Pin someone down The weather seems to be picking up. Improve - colloquial Pick up She paid him back for all his insults. Take revenge - colloquial Pay back John has packed in his job. Stop an activity - colloquial Pack in None of the children would own up to breaking the window. Confess - colloquial Own up
  10. 10. The army tried to take over the country. Gain control of Take over Ann has taken out life insurance. Insurance – sign an insurance agreement Take out She has taken on too much with a full-time job as well. Do something extra Take on My grandmother has taken on a new lease of life since her operation. Acquire a new characteristic Take on Dave takes off the Prime Minister really well. Imitate – colloquial Take off I know you are unhappy, but don’t take it out on me! Make someone else suffer because of one’s own sufferings Take (it) out on Don’t be taken in by her apparent shyness. Deceive Take in You must learn to stick up for yourself. Defend – especially yourself, your rights - colloquial Stick up for Production at the Leeds plant has been stepped up. Increase Step up The Chairman has stepped down after criticism from shareholders. Resign – colloquial Step down The engine won’t stand up to the strain. Resist – bear stress Stand up to Carol has kindly agreed to stand in for Graham at the monthly meeting. Take the place of Stand in for I will not stand for this kind of behaviour in my house! Tolerate Stand for E.g. stands for exempli gratia, it’s Latin. Represent – initials Stand for The company agreed to stand by its original commitment. Keep to an agreement Stand by Don’t worry, Mary will sort out your problem. Find a solution - colloquial Sort out Someone slipped up and my application was lost. Make a mistake - colloquial Slip up EXAMPLES MEANING PHRASAL VERB Slowly the realisation that I had won began to sink in. Realise slowly – colloquial intransitive Sink in We were set upon by a gang of hooligans. Attack Set (up)on An inquiry into the accident has been set up. Establish Set up Sue set out to write a biography but it became a novel. Start an action Set out I’ve set out the refreshments in the hall. Arrange Set out This document sets out all the Union demands. Give in detail in writing Set out I think this rain has set in for the day. Establish itself – especially weather Set in We must set about re-organising the office. Start working Set about
  11. 11. The hotel bill worked out at over £500. Calculate – also work out at for specific amounts Work out These painkillers wear off after about two hours. Lose effect – especially a drug Wear off Not many people turned up for the lessons. Arrive – often unexpectedly Turn up Don’t worry about that missing book, it’s bound to turn up sooner or later. Be discovered by chance Turn up Thousands of fans turned out to welcome the team. Come to a meeting or to form a crowd Turn out He turned out to be an old friend of Helen’s. Happen to be in the end Turn out Another company offered me a job but I turned them down. Reject an offer Turn down Let’s try out the new washing machine. Test – a machine Try out The police tracked down the killer and arrested him. Trace the whereabouts of Track down I’m afraid your party doesn’t quite tie in with our arrangements Be in agreement with Tie in with Our teacher told us off for being late. Scold – colloquial Tell off Paul talked me into going skiing, against my better judgement. Dissuade from - persuade into Talk out of or into The meeting took up a whole morning. Time – occupy time Take up
  12. 12. you answered you can leave now