Shakespeare Intoduction


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Shakespeare Intoduction

  1. 1. Shakespeare
  2. 2. Shakespeare • Sleep is the cousin of death… • I was not born under a rhyming planet.. • Maybe it's hatred I spew maybe its food for the spirit… • Majority of Shakespeare’s audience couldn’t read. • Used a lot of jokes to keep those at the lower levels happy. • His plays were in parts. Like soap operas or tv showsthat you needed to “tune into” find out the next part. • Used themes that were popular of the time. Would Shakespeare’s plays today be about vampires and superheroes instead of royalty and Italy?
  3. 3. Shakespeare • Born April 23rd, 1564 in Stratford - Upon-Avon •Father was shopkeeper and “mayor” of town. •Attended free grammar school until 15. Read mythology and classics (being the Renassance and all). •Married to Ann Hathaway (8 years older) (he was 18, she 26) •3 children (Susanna, Hamnet, & Judith) •Lived most of his life in London.
  4. 4. Shakespeare • Successful actor in London. •Leading poet •Member of a ‘The Chamberlain’s Men’ •Wrote around 37 plays, 154 poems •Retired to Stratford •Died on 1616
  5. 5. Shakespeare • Most plays based on historical evens or OTHER plays. • No copyright laws in those days. •Took ordinary stories and made them EXTRAORDINARY! The Tragical history of Romeus and Juliet by Arthur Brooke Macbeth of Scotland Reign 1032-1057
  6. 6. Shakespeare Words •Assassination Common Sayings: •Barefaced • catching a cold •Bumps •Countless •Disgraceful conduct •Critical •Elbow Room •Dwindle •Fair Play •Exposure •Gloomy •Monumental • Introduced nearly 2000 words •Suspicious Into English. • He revitalized English by making it a language of art. Before Shakespeare, English was “losing” artistically to The Romance Languages and German.
  7. 7. Shakespeare •Accused • Engagements •Addiction • excitements •Amazement • Eyeball •Backing • Fixture •Bandit • glow •Bedroom •Hint •Courtship •Luggage •Critic •Ode •Dawn •Questioning •Design •Reinforcement •Discontent •Savagery •embrace •Tardiness •Watchdog
  8. 8. Shakespeare Phrases: • As good luck would have it (The Merry Wives of Windsor) • Be-all and the end-all (Macbeth) • Dead as a doornail (Henry VI) • Eaten me out of house and home (Henry IV) • Faint Hearted (Henry VI) • For goodness sake (Henry VIII) • Full circle (King Lear) • Good Riddance (Troilus and Cressida) • In a pickle (The Tempest) • Kill with kindess (Taming of the Shrew) • Knock Knock! Who’s there? (Macbeth) •Laughing stock (The mErry Wives of Windsor) •Love is blind (merchant of Venice)
  9. 9. Shakespeare Plays: •Comedies (Taming of the Shrew, Midsummer Night’s Dream) •Histories (Henry V) •Tragedies (Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth) •Romances (The Tempest)
  10. 10. Shakespeare 1. What was Shakespeare’s father? 2. Married who? a) Anne Morrow b) Anne Boleyn c) Anne Rutledge d) Anne Hathaway 3. The theatre with which Shakespeare is most closely associated is the: a) National Advancement b) Monarch c) Globe d) Thespian 4. What are some common sayings? 5. Around how many words did he introduce?
  11. 11. Why do we have such a hard time understanding his writing?
  12. 12. Shakespeare Why so odd? • A lot has happened to the English Language since the late 1500’s. •Shakespeare was a poet, as well as an actor and playwright, and because of this he interacted with language differently than most others. • He used figurative language, slang and world play for effect. • Write with poetic meter (rhythm of word sounds) in mind. • Used things that were happening in his time (contemporary).
  13. 13. Shakespeare • His English is different but still similar to ours. • Read carefully, keeping in mind the differences. • Don’t try to pronounce words you already know differently. Say them the way you know them. • You are not alone! Even your teachers have their own Troubles understanding Shakespeare’s language. •Shakespeare IS writing in early Modern English. Not “Old English which looks like this….. From Beowulf Þæt wæs god cyning! = That was [a] good king! Lord’s Prayer and forgyf us ure gyltas, swa swa we forgyfað urum gyltendum. = And forgive us of our guilts as also we forgive our guilty
  14. 14. Shakespeare • Shakespeare was more than comfortable altering his sentence structure to fit his rhythm. For example reversing the location of two words (“He goes” to “Goes he”, or “As could mean “as though”). How can you tell what he means? Not a simple way, just keep in mind the CONTEXT. • “Had” often means “would have” ex: Had he not resembled/ My father as he slept, I had done’t” -Macbeth. • Putting gender to genderless objects. “And never dare misfortune cross her foot, / Unless she do it under this excuse” (Merchant of Venice). In this line “her” and “she” both refer to misfortune.
  15. 15. Shakespeare Good News Everyone! Approximatley 90% of the words Shakespeare used in his plays Are still in use today. The bad news is that 10% of his words are Ones you never heard of. That is why you should use the Annotations (usually represented by a *). EX: “Slubber not business for my sake.” (Merchant of V) “Slubber” is an archaic word, and leaves the meaning of this line Confusing. But your notes will tell you that “slubber” means “botch”. “Botch not business for my sake”. Almost there! “Don’t botch business for my sake”
  16. 16. •“anon”: soon Shakespeare •“prithee”: please • 3rd Person Singular: -th, not -s (eg: “she giveth”, not “she gives”) • 2nd Person Familiar: add -est, -st, ‘st •“hence”: here (eg: “you givest,” not “you give”) •“wherefore”: why Elizabethan Verbs: Present Tense Now You are have will can shall do Then Thou.. art hast wilt canst shalt dost Past Tense Now You.. Were had would could should did Then thou… wast hadst wouldst couldst shouldst didst
  17. 17. Shakespeare Get into partners and try write a script using Shakespeare’s Language. All characters should talk like Shakespeare. You are ordering your favorite fast food from a drive through Speaker.