ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCIES Introduction: The planning, implementation and management of an enterprise is carried out by a person who is responsible to create and make an enterprise a success. It is he/she who acts as a driving force behind the performance of these tasks. And, in order to carry out efficiently, the entrepreneur needs to have certain knowledge, skills, and appropriate personality profile. All these put together could be termed as competencies. What as competence? Competence is a combination of knowledge, skills and appropriate motives or traits that an individual must possess to perform a given task. What are competencies? Competency is an underlying characteristic of a person which results in effective and/or superior performance in a job. It may be the result of motive, traits, skills or a body
of knowledge or a combination of these . Knowledge means the collection of information and retained facts that an individual possesses. “ But mere possession of knowledge is not sufficient for the performance of a task. One needs, besides knowledge, skills to translate that knowledge into action.” Skill is the ability to demonstrate a system and sequence of behavior that are functionally related to attaining a performance goal. Motives and Traits : Motive is a recurrent concern for a goal which drives, directs and selects the behavior of a person. A trait is a characteristic way in which a person responds to an equivalent set of stimuli. A trait includes thoughts and psychological activities related to a general category of events.
<ul><li> ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCIES </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative means when a person takes action that goes beyond </li></ul><ul><li>the job requirement or the demands of the situation.Most </li></ul><ul><li>successful entrepreneurs show this competence in some form or </li></ul><ul><li>other. They take decisions on their own to launch their </li></ul><ul><li>enterprise or to expand and grow. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Seeking and Acting on Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>A person seeks and acts on opportunities for either business </li></ul><ul><li>or personal growth or seizes unusual opportunities to obtain </li></ul><ul><li>finance, equipment, land, work space or assistance. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Persistence </li></ul><ul><li>A person takes repeated action to overcome obstacles that get </li></ul><ul><li>in the way of reaching goals. As an entrepreneur the path is </li></ul><ul><li>not smooth, one might face difficulties, but he/she has to </li></ul><ul><li>develop the qualities of a spider and carry on without getting </li></ul><ul><li>disheartened. And success will finally follows. Thus it </li></ul><ul><li>considered to be a very important competence. </li></ul>
4. Information Seeking A person takes action on his own to get information to help reach objectives or clarify and solve problems. A person does research work on how to provide a product or service, consults experts for business or technical advice, seeks information on what is needed and uses contacts or information networks to obtain information. 5. Concern for High Quality of Work Act to do things that meet or beat existing standards for excellence. Such persons always have a desire to produce work of high quality and to favorably compare one’s own work that of others. This would help in withstanding the competition, create or expand the market, and give a sense of satisfaction and achievement. 6. Commitment to Work Contract Place the highest priority on getting a job completed, make a personal sacrifice or extend extraordinary effort to complete a job, or accept full responsibility for problems
in completing a job for others and pitch in with workers or work in their place to get the job done and express a concern for satisfying the customer. 7. Efficiency Orientation Find ways to do things faster or with fewer resources or at a lower cost. Such a person looks for ways to reduce costs and time, uses information on business tools to improve efficiency and express concern about costs against benefits of any improvement or change. A successful entrepreneur always thinks of ways in which he/she can improve the product or service, innovate and reduce costs wherever he/she can. 8. Systemic Planning Develop and use logical, step by step plans to reach goals. One must plan by breaking up a large task into sub-tasks, develop plans that anticipate obstacles, evaluate alternatives ad most importantly, take a logical and systemic approach to activities. When one has to set up or
is in the process of setting up a venture, if he/she plans everything systematically and goes step by step, half the battle is won. Not that there would not be any difficulties, but planning will enable him/her to deal with them. 9. Problem Solving Identify new and potentially unique ideas to reach goals. Switch to an alternative strategy to reach a goal if required, generate new ideas or innovate solutions. Everyone faces problems in life, more so if you happen to be an entrepreneur. It is important that as an entrepreneur you have a problem solving attitude and not a problem avoiding one. Problems are bound to occur during the life of the enterprise, so if you have or develop this competency the enterprise will run smoothly. 10. Self-confidence Have a strong belief in self and own abilities. Express confidence in your ability to complete a task or meet a challenge. Stick with own judgement in the face of
opposition or initial lack of success, or when one does something which is found risky. If one has confidence in oneself and one’s ability, success will follow in all the fields. A person having strong self confidence, can accomplish the job in a much better fashion. 11. Assertiveness Confront problems with others directly, tell others what they have to do and discipline those failing to perform as expected. Assertiveness should not be confused with aggressiveness. Aggression can be direct or indirect, honest or dishonest - but it always communicates an impression of superiority and disrespect, while assertive behavior is pro-active, direct and honest. It communicates an impression of self respect and respect for others. Such behavior leads to success without retaliation or vengefulness by someone rubbed the wrong way, and encourages honest, open relationships.
12. Persuasion Successfully persuade others. An entrepreneur is said to be persuasive when he/she can convince someone to buy a product or service, provide financing or do something that he/she would like that person to do. Persuasive entrepreneurs assert their own and their company’s competence and qualities. If an entrepreneur cannot or do not convince others about the viability of his product or products or his own capabilities, how can he be successful? Possessing this competence is, therefore, very important foe an entrepreneur. This competence is also linked to self-confidence. Only if one has self-confidence can he/she persuade others and get the work done. 13. Use of Influence Strategies Use a variety of strategies to influence others. Such an entrepreneur acts to develop business contacts, uses influential people to accomplish his/own objectives, and limits the information given to others.