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Gender mainstreaming occurred on 1985 Third World Conference on Women in Nairobi. The idea has been developed in the United Nations development community. The idea was formally featured in 1995 on the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. Most definitions conform to the UN Economic and Social Council formally defined concept:
* Maistreaming is not an end in itself but a strategy, an approach , a means to achieve the goal of gender equality.
*Mainstreaming involves ensuring that gender perspectives and attention to the goal of gender equality are central to all activities - policy development, research, advocacy/ dialogue, legislation, resource allocation, and planning, implementation and monitoring of programmes and projects
Recognition that gender equality is integral to development goals
Realization that previous approaches were not resulting in real change in the position of women and gender equality
Shift In Understanding Of The Problem Early Approaches Current Thinking
women left out
social structures and processes recreate inequalities between women and men in:
Problem: women Problem : inequality between women and men Approach: women must change their attributes to be integrated into development Approach: society and institutions must change ideas and practices in support of equal choices and opportunities