Gender Mainstreaming And PlanningPresentation Transcript
B R SIWAL
What is the mainstream?
What is being mainstreamed?
What does it mean to be part of the mainstream?
What is the target of mainstreaming?
What is the goal of mainstreaming?
How gender mainstreaming
Gender mainstreaming occurred on 1985 Third World Conference on Women in Nairobi. The idea has been developed in the United Nations development community. The idea was formally featured in 1995 on the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. Most definitions conform to the UN Economic and Social Council formally defined concept:
*is the process of assessing the implications for women and men of any planned action, including legislation , policies or programmes , in all areas and at all levels
*Is a globally accepted strategy for promoting gender equality
* Maistreaming is not an end in itself but a strategy, an approach , a means to achieve the goal of gender equality.
*Mainstreaming involves ensuring that gender perspectives and attention to the goal of gender equality are central to all activities - policy development, research, advocacy/ dialogue, legislation, resource allocation, and planning, implementation and monitoring of programmes and projects
Is a pro-active process designed to tackle inequalities which can and do discriminate against either sex
Targets major economic and social policies that deliver major resources
Makes good economic sense ensuring that women as well as men are active, using 100% of the productive labour force
Represents a further step in the search for equality
Recognises that gender is one of the most fundamental organising features in society and affects our lives from the moment we are born
Recognises that differences exist in men’s and women’s lives and therefore our needs, experiences and priorities are different
Involves a willingness to establish a balanced distribution of responsibilities between women and men
Needs determined political action and support with clear indicators and targets
Will not happen overnight, it is a continuous process
Gender mainstreaming means :
That differences between women and men may never be used as a ground for discrimination
Long-lasting changes in society, transforming parental roles, family structures, and the organisation of work, time and even institutional practices
Reshaping the mainstream rather than adding activities for women at the margins
A partnership between women and men to ensure both participate fully in society’s development and benefit equally from society’s resources
Responding to the root causes of inequality and putting remedial action in place
Ensuring that initiatives not only respond to gender differences but seek to reduce gender inequality
Gender mainstreaming is not:
A Women only issue
It is not just about improving access or of balancing the statistics
About having well written statements
About blaming anybody for the inequalities which exist
About only women taking action
About only women benefiting from it
About stopping or replacing gender specific policies and projects targeted at either women or men
Gender mainstreaming covers:
access to resources
procedures and practices
monitoring and evaluation
Why Gender Mainstreaming?
Shift in understanding of the problem
Recognition that gender equality is integral to development goals
Realization that previous approaches were not resulting in real change in the position of women and gender equality
Shift In Understanding Of The Problem Early Approaches Current Thinking
women left out
social structures and processes recreate inequalities between women and men in:
Problem: women Problem : inequality between women and men Approach: women must change their attributes to be integrated into development Approach: society and institutions must change ideas and practices in support of equal choices and opportunities
Steps for Gender Mainstreaming
1. A Mainstreaming Approach to Stakeholders: Who are the Decision-Makers?
2. Mainstreaming a Gender Agenda: What is the Issue?
3. Moving Towards Gender Equality: What is the Goal?
4. Mapping the Situation: What Information do we Have?
5. Refining the Issue: Research and Analysis
6 Formulating Policy from a Gender Perspective
7. Arguing Your Case: Gender Matters!
8. Monitoring: Keeping a (Gender-Sensitive) Eye on Things
9. Evaluation: How Did We Do?
10. En-gendering Communication
Economic policy Trade and commerce
Gender is cross cutting in all sectors
What Is Gender Analysis?
An intrinsic dimension of policy analysis
Identifies specifically how public policy affects women and men differently
Demonstrates that policy and implementation cannot be gender neutral in gendered societies
Is supported by specific analytic tools
What Competencies Are Required To Undertake Gender Analysis?
Familiarity with main Gender Analysis Frameworks
Ability to select the Framework most likely to yield solutions to the development problem to be addressed
Able to interpret data
Able to use strategic decision-making skills
GENDER ANALYSIS (GA) IS A PROCESS TO ASSESS THE –
Differential impact of proposed or existing policies, programmes, projects and legislation on women and men.
Gender analysis recognizes that realities of men’s and women’s lives are different and that equal opportunities does not necessarily men equal results.
Gender analysis is a basis of all tools of gender mainstreaming.
Gender Analysis Frameworks
Harvard Analytical Framework
a) Moser (triple roles) Framework
b) Levy (web of institutionalisation) Framework
Gender Analysis Matrix (GAM)
Equality and Empowerment Framework (Longwe)
Capacities and Vulnerabilities Framework (CVA)
People Oriented Framework (POP)
Social Relations Approach Framework (SRA)
HARVARD FRAMEWORK OF GENDER ANALYSIS
1. Activity profile - based on gender division of labour and delineates the economic activities of pop by sex, age and other factors and time spent on economic activities.
2. Access and control profile- which identify individuals by sex have access and control over resources, services and benefits.
3. Factors influencing access and control - factors affecting access and control e.G. Social, cultural, economic in relation to gender.
4. Project cycle analysis - examine a project proposal or area of intervention in the light of gender - disaggregated data, information and social change.
HARVARD METHOD OF PROJECT CYCLE (CHECKLIST)
I. PROJECT PLANNING
Assessing women’s needs
What needs and opportunities exist for increasing
women’s participation and/or
Women’s access and control of resources, services and benefits?