Special Needs Education By: Allison Barker

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  • 1. ALLISON BARKER EDUC- W 200 Special Needs Education
  • 2. Table of Contents
    • Slides 3 & 4- What are “Special Needs”? summary
    • Slide 5- personal reflection
    • Slides 6 & 7- As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds summary
    • Slide 8- personal reflection
    • Slide 9 & 10- Moving On, Moving Up summary
    • Slide 11- personal reflection
    • Slide 12- conclusion
    • Slide 13- works cited
  • 3.
    • “ Special needs” is a collaborative term that represents an array of diagnosis
      • Mild learning disabilities, profound mental retardation, food allergies, terminal illness
    • Positives and Negatives
      • (+) accomplishments greater when achieved, weaknesses paired with amazing strengths
      • (-) what a child cannot do, mourn disabilities
    • Medical Issues
      • cancer, heart defects, asthma, diabetes, dwarfism, food allergies
      • Parents should be: ready to deal with crisis, uncertainty, worry
  • 4.
    • Behavior Issues
      • ADHD, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, tourette disorder
      • Parents should be: flexible, creative
    • Developmental Issues
      • Autism, down syndrome, mental retardation
      • Parents should be: strong to make sure their child receives all the services he needs
    • Learning Issues
      • Dyslexia, central auditory processing disorder
      • Parents should be: continuously working with their child and school
    • Mental Health Issues
      • Anxiety, depression
      • Parents should be: ready to make hard decisions regarding therapy, medications, hospitalization, professional help
  • 5.
    • Personal Reflections
      • When goals are accomplished, they are more
      • significant.
      • A crisis will occur frequently
      • Parents need to be patient
      • Parents need to be willing to work with child’s needs
      • Whole family needs to stay strong
            • Click Picture for Article
  • 6. As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds
    • Origami- the transformation or folding of paper. It requires no outside materials.
      • Almost anyone can do it.
      • Does not require a natural artistic gift.
    • Teachers and occupational therapists have been using this craft.
    • It helps the child gain more self-esteem.
      • Child sees, by just refolding the crease, that his mistakes can be reversed.
      • Child feels a sense of accomplishment when he has finished the artwork.
        • Fast results
        • Finished origami is always a success
  • 7. As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds
    • Friedrich Froebel believed that games can be very educational. Children see how each fold influences another.
    • Origami, in a sense, is like a game.
      • Follows rules, exciting, entertains, hands-on, multi-sensory
      • Combination of action and thought processing
    • Improves cognitive skills- sequential memory, concentration, eye/hand coordination, fine/gross motor skills
  • 8.
    • Personal Reflections
      • Great tool for special needs
      • Great for self-esteem
      • Positive due to step by step process
      • Encouraging due to reversal option to fix a mistake
      • Great for improving all motor functions
            • Click Picture for Article
  • 9. Moving On, Moving Up
    • Developmental and optimal functioning can be greatly altered with the lack of physical activity.
      • Effects fitness
      • Effects cognitive functioning
    • Fitness positives
      • One can start with basic movement patterns and can succeed in sports.
      • Physical fitness has educational components that aid in the developmental progress.
    • Fitness negatives
      • The many specific & specialized movements can frustrate the child.
      • The child may only be interested in the sports/games they have learned.
  • 10. Moving On, Moving Up
    • Physical education can be taught effectively anywhere
      • School
      • Home
    • When educating special needs students on exercises…
      • Begin with the basic movements
      • Break down each component into small, easy steps
    • Creating physical fitness programs can be basic or complex
      • Basic- walking from point A to point B
      • Complex- 5 step push-up
  • 11.  
  • 12.
    • Special needs children require a lot of time and patience.
    • Parents and teachers need to work with the specific needs of the child.
    • Origami, a great tool for special needs children, is a step-by-step process that builds self-esteem.
    • Physical activity helps to increase help increase brain functions.
    • The exercises’ components should be taught to the special needs students in a step-by-step process.
  • 13. Works Cited
    • (2006, December). As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds. Parent Guide , Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://www.parentguidenews.com/articles/Dec06/AsthePaper.php
    • Chessen, E. (2008, June). Moving On, Moving Up. Parent Guide , Retrieved November 11, 2008, from http://parentguidenews.com/articles/June08/MovingOn.php
    • Mauro, T. What Are "Special Needs"?. About.com , Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://specialchildren.about.com/od/gettingadiagnosis/p/whatare.htm