Special Needs Education By: Allison Barker


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Special Needs Education By: Allison Barker

  1. 1. ALLISON BARKER EDUC- W 200 Special Needs Education
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Slides 3 & 4- What are “Special Needs”? summary </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 5- personal reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Slides 6 & 7- As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds summary </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 8- personal reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 9 & 10- Moving On, Moving Up summary </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 11- personal reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 12- conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 13- works cited </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>“ Special needs” is a collaborative term that represents an array of diagnosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mild learning disabilities, profound mental retardation, food allergies, terminal illness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Positives and Negatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(+) accomplishments greater when achieved, weaknesses paired with amazing strengths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(-) what a child cannot do, mourn disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medical Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cancer, heart defects, asthma, diabetes, dwarfism, food allergies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should be: ready to deal with crisis, uncertainty, worry </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Behavior Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ADHD, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, tourette disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should be: flexible, creative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developmental Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autism, down syndrome, mental retardation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should be: strong to make sure their child receives all the services he needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dyslexia, central auditory processing disorder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should be: continuously working with their child and school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mental Health Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety, depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents should be: ready to make hard decisions regarding therapy, medications, hospitalization, professional help </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Personal Reflections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When goals are accomplished, they are more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>significant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A crisis will occur frequently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents need to be patient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents need to be willing to work with child’s needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole family needs to stay strong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Click Picture for Article </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds <ul><li>Origami- the transformation or folding of paper. It requires no outside materials. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almost anyone can do it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not require a natural artistic gift. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teachers and occupational therapists have been using this craft. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps the child gain more self-esteem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Child sees, by just refolding the crease, that his mistakes can be reversed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child feels a sense of accomplishment when he has finished the artwork. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast results </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Finished origami is always a success </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds <ul><li>Friedrich Froebel believed that games can be very educational. Children see how each fold influences another. </li></ul><ul><li>Origami, in a sense, is like a game. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Follows rules, exciting, entertains, hands-on, multi-sensory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of action and thought processing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improves cognitive skills- sequential memory, concentration, eye/hand coordination, fine/gross motor skills </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Personal Reflections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Great tool for special needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great for self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive due to step by step process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging due to reversal option to fix a mistake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great for improving all motor functions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Click Picture for Article </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Moving On, Moving Up <ul><li>Developmental and optimal functioning can be greatly altered with the lack of physical activity. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effects fitness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effects cognitive functioning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fitness positives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One can start with basic movement patterns and can succeed in sports. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical fitness has educational components that aid in the developmental progress. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fitness negatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The many specific & specialized movements can frustrate the child. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The child may only be interested in the sports/games they have learned. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Moving On, Moving Up <ul><li>Physical education can be taught effectively anywhere </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When educating special needs students on exercises… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Begin with the basic movements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break down each component into small, easy steps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating physical fitness programs can be basic or complex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic- walking from point A to point B </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex- 5 step push-up </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Special needs children require a lot of time and patience. </li></ul><ul><li>Parents and teachers need to work with the specific needs of the child. </li></ul><ul><li>Origami, a great tool for special needs children, is a step-by-step process that builds self-esteem. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical activity helps to increase help increase brain functions. </li></ul><ul><li>The exercises’ components should be taught to the special needs students in a step-by-step process. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Works Cited <ul><li>(2006, December). As the Paper Folds, the Mind Unfolds. Parent Guide , Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://www.parentguidenews.com/articles/Dec06/AsthePaper.php </li></ul><ul><li>Chessen, E. (2008, June). Moving On, Moving Up. Parent Guide , Retrieved November 11, 2008, from http://parentguidenews.com/articles/June08/MovingOn.php </li></ul><ul><li>Mauro, T. What Are &quot;Special Needs&quot;?. About.com , Retrieved November 9, 2008, from http://specialchildren.about.com/od/gettingadiagnosis/p/whatare.htm </li></ul>