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Talyns Tissues 2old Ver
 

Talyns Tissues 2old Ver

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    Talyns Tissues 2old Ver Talyns Tissues 2old Ver Presentation Transcript

    • Credits Epithelial Connective Muscular Nervous
      • Epithelial is a sheet of cells that cover the body surface or aligns the body cavity.
      • 2 Types
        • Simple and Stratified
      • It has six main functions
        • Protection
        • Secretion
        • Absorption
        • Filtration
        • Excrertion
        • Sensory Reception
      • Polarity
        • Apical and Basal
      Tissues Stratified Simple
      • Single Layer
      • 4 Classifications
        • Simple Squamous
        • Simple Cubodial
        • Simple Columnar
        • Psuedostratified Columnar
      Tissues Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cubodial Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
      • Single layer of flattened cells with a disc-shaped nuclei and sparse cytoplasm.
      • Simplest Epithelial
      • Functions
        • Diffusion and filtration
        • Provides slick friction
      • This tissue is found in the:
        • Kidneys
        • Air sacs of the lungs
        • Lining of the Heart
        • Blood vessels
        • Lining of ventral cavity
      Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Cubodial Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
      • Single layer of tall oval nuclei
      • Functions
        • Absorption and secretion
      • Many contain cillia and goblet cells
      • Found in the:
        • Cilliated types:
          • Small bronchi
          • Uterine tubes
          • Regions of uterus
        • Uncilliated types:
          • Digestive tract
          • Gallbladder
      Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Cubodial Simple Squamous Psuedostratified Columnar
      • Cubelike cells with large spherical central nucleai.
      • They are boxlike, tall as they are wide.
      • Functions
        • Secretion and absorption
      • They are found in:
        • Kidney Tubules
        • Ducts
        • Secretory portions of small glands
        • Ovary surface
      Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
      • This tissue is a thick layer made up of several cells.
      • The basal cells are cubodial or columnar and are metabolically active and the surface cells are flat.
      • Functions
        • Protect the underlying tissues in areas subject to abrasion.
        • Secretion and the propulsion of mucus.
      • They are found in:
        • Non ciliated male sperm carry ducts
        • Ducts of large glands
        • Ciliated trachea
        • Upper respiratory tract
      Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Cubodial Simple Columnar Simple Columnar
      • Cells of two or more layers
      • More durable than simple epithelial
      • Four types:
        • Transitional
        • Stratified Squamous
        • Stratified Columnar
        • Stratifed Cubodial
      Tissues Transitional Stratified Cubodial Stratified Columnar Stratified Sqaumous
      • Thick membrane composed of several cells
      • Functions
        • Protects underlying areas subject to abrasion
      • Found in (moist areas):
        • Linings of the mouth
        • Linings of the esophagus
        • Linings of the vagina
      • Forms
        • External part of skin’s epidermis
      Tissues Transitional Stratified Cubodial Stratified Columnar Stratified
      • Mostly two cell layers
      • Very rare
      • Found in:
        • The sweat glands
        • Mammary glands
      Tissues Transitional Stratified Stratified Columnar Stratified Sqaumous
      • Several cell layers
      • The surface cells are dome shaped depending on the organ
      • The basal cells are cubodial
      • Stretchy
      • Functions
        • Stretch permits distension of urinary organs
      • Found in:
        • Lining of uterus
        • Bladder
        • Part of the urethra
      Tissues Stratified Stratified Cubodial Stratified Columnar Stratified Sqaumous
      • Very limited distribution to the body
      • Found in:
        • Pharynx
        • Male urethra
        • Lining of some glandular ducts
      • Occurs at:
        • Transitional areas between two other types of epithelial
      • Only layer is the apical layer
      Tissues Transitional Stratified Cubodial Stratified Stratified Sqaumous
      • This tissue is the most widely distributed in the body and the most abundant
      • Four main types:
        • Connective tissue proper
        • Cartilage
        • Bone
        • Blood
      • Functions
        • Binding and supporting
        • Protecting
        • Insulation
        • Transportation
      • Three main elements
        • Ground substance
        • Fibers
        • cells
      Tissues Connective Proper Cartilage Bone Blood
      • Two subclasses
      • Consists of living cells surrounded by a matrix
        • Looses
        • Dense
      • Contains the majority of mature connective tissue
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue
      • 3 types
        • Areolar
        • Reticular
        • Adipose
      • Functions
        • Support and bind other tissues
        • Holding body fluids
        • Defending against infection
        • Storing nutrients as fats
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue
      • Gel like matrix
      • Very loose
      • Widely distributed
      • Binds body parts but allows them to move freely
      • Cushions the skin
      • Contains
        • Fibroblasts
        • Macrophages
        • Mast cells
        • Some white blood cells
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue Reticular Adipose
      • Very close related to areolar but with reticular fibers
      • Cells live in a fiber network
      • Forms soft internal skeleton
      • Found in
        • Lymph nodes
        • Bone marrow
        • spleen
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue Areolar Adipose
      • Similar in function and structure of areolar tissue but much greater in nutrient-storing ability
      • Cells packed closely together
      • Matrix is scanty
      • Functions
        • Stores and reserved food
        • Insulates against her heat loss
        • Supports
        • Protects
      • Found in
        • Under skin
        • Around kidneys
        • In abdomen
        • Breasts
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue Reticular Areolar
      • 2 types
        • Dense regular
        • Dense irregular
      • Fibers are predominant elements
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense regular Dense irregular Conn. tissue proper
      • Parallel collagen fibers with a few elastic fibers
      • Major cell type are the fibroblasts
      • Attaches muscle to bone or to other muscles and bone to bone
      • Found in
        • Tendons
        • Ligaments
        • aponeurses
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Dense irregular Conn. tissue proper
      • Irregularly arranged with thick collagen fibers
      • and elastic fibers
      • Major cell type is fibroblasts
      • Withstands tension in many directions
      • Provided structural strength
      • Found in
        • Dermis
      • Forms fibrous joint capsules and
      • fibrous coverings that surround some
      • organs
      tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Dense conn. tissue Dense regular Conn. tissue proper
      • Stands p to tensions and compression
      • Three varieties
        • Hyaline
        • Elastic
        • Fibrocartilage
      • Tough but flexible
      • Avascular
      • Lacks nerve fibers
      • Heals slowly
      • Chondroblasts
      • 80% water
      tissue Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue proper bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
      • Amorphous
      • Firm matrix with imperceptible network of collagen fibers
      • Chondrocytes lie in lacunae
      • Functions
        • Supports
        • Cushions
        • Resists compression
      • Forms costal cartilage
      • Found in
        • Embryonic skeleton
        • Ends of long bones
        • Nose
        • Trachea
        • larynx
      tissue Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue proper bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
      • Very close to hyaline cartilage but with more elastic fibers
      • Constantly maintains shape and structure
      • Allows flexibility
      • Supports
        • External ear
        • Epiglottis
      • Found where strength and stretchability
      • are necessary
      tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
      • This tissue is the perfect intermediate between hyaline and the dense irregular tissue
      • Rows of chondrocytes
      • Alternate rows of thick collagen fibers
      • Absorbs Compression shock
      • Provides tensile strength
      • Found in
        • Intervertebral discs
        • Spongy cartilage in knee
      tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
      • Osseous tissue
      • Hard
      • Main support of body
      • Main protection of body
      • Osteocytes found in lacunae
      • Provides levers for muscular action
      • Well supplied with blood vessels
      • Stores
        • Calcium
        • Minerals
        • Fat
        • Marrow in bone
      tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Cartilage Blood Hyaline cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
      • Red and white blood cells in fluid matrix contained within blood vessels
      • Transported through
        • Gases
        • Nutrients
        • Wastes
        • Other substances
      tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Bone Cartilage Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
      • Contains myofilaments
      • Highly cellular
      • Well-vascularized tissues responsible for most of the bodies movement
      • 3 types
        • Skeletal
        • Smooth
        • Cardiac
      tissues cardiac smooth skeletal
      • Also called muscle fibers
      • Striated
      • Long and cylindrical cells containing numerous nuclei
      • Functions
        • Initiates and controls voluntary movement
      • Found in
        • Skeletal muscles that attach bone
        • Skeletal muscled that attach skin
      tissues cardiac smooth muscular
      • Striated like skeletal muscle
      • Uninucleate
      • Branching cells
      • Found in
        • The wall of the heart
      • Functions
        • Contractions help propel blood
        • through vessels and the rest of the
        • body
      tissues muscular smooth skeletal
      • It’s name comes from the fact it has no striations
      • Individual cells are spindle shaped and have one centrally located nucleus.
      • Cells arranged closely to form sheets
      • Propels substances along internal passageways
      • Found in
        • Walls of hollow organs other than the heart
        • Digestive tract
        • Urinary tract
      • Involuntary
      tissues cardiac muscular skeletal
      • Regulates and controls the body’s nerves
      • Branched neurons with long cellular processes and supports cells
      • Functions
        • Transmits electrical signals from sensory receptors to effectors
      • Found in
        • Brain
        • Spinal Cord
        • Peripheral nerves
      Tissue
      • http://www.washington.uwc.edu/about/faculty/schaefer_w/TissuesPage.htm- - nervous tissue
      • http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/practice_practical_muscle.htm-- smooth musce
      • http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/randerson/Lynn's%20Bioslides/slides.htm-- cardiac muscle
      • http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/labs/celllab.htm-- skeletal muscle
      • http://www.cptc.ctc.edu/library/Bio%20118%20Lecture%20Notes%20Rev%200105.htm-- muscular tissue
      • http://pennhealth.com/ency/imagepages/1679.htm?articleID=003550-- bone
      • http://pharyngula.org/index/weblog/comments/invertebrate_cartilages/-- cartilage
      • http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/practice_exam_connective_tissue.htm-- dense irregular
      • http://www.sru.edu/pages/5910.asp-- dense connective tissue
      • http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/ap/histology_mh/reticuct.html-- reticular
      • http://coloncancer.about.com/od/glossaries/g/Epithelial.htm-- epithelial tissue
      • http://nte-serveur.univ-lyon1.fr/nte/EMBRYON/www.uoguelph.ca/zoology/devobio/210labs/epithelial1.html-- simple epithelial
      • http://nte-serveur.univ-lyon1.fr/nte/EMBRYON/www.uoguelph.ca/zoology/devobio/210labs/epithelial1.html- strat epithelial
      • http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/practice_lab_exam_Epithelium.htm-- strat. cubodial
      • http://missinglink.ucsf.edu/lm/IDS_101_histo_resource/epithelia_connective.htm-- conn. tissue
      • http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/randerson/Lynn's%20Bioslides/slides.htm-- simple columnar
      • http://anatomy.iupui.edu/courses/histo_D502/D502f04/Labs.f04/connective%20lab/Lab3f04.html-- conn. tissue proper
      • http://www.cytochemistry.net/microanatomy/connective_tissue/loose_connective_tissue.htm-- loose
      • Other slides pictured by talyn fiore, ashley guerin and brittney bennett
      • Info by: Human Anatomy and Physiology: 7 th Addition . BY: Elaine N. Marieb & Katja Hoehn