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Talyns Tissues 2old Ver

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  • 1. Credits Epithelial Connective Muscular Nervous
  • 2.
    • Epithelial is a sheet of cells that cover the body surface or aligns the body cavity.
    • 2 Types
      • Simple and Stratified
    • It has six main functions
      • Protection
      • Secretion
      • Absorption
      • Filtration
      • Excrertion
      • Sensory Reception
    • Polarity
      • Apical and Basal
    Tissues Stratified Simple
  • 3.
    • Single Layer
    • 4 Classifications
      • Simple Squamous
      • Simple Cubodial
      • Simple Columnar
      • Psuedostratified Columnar
    Tissues Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Cubodial Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
  • 4.
    • Single layer of flattened cells with a disc-shaped nuclei and sparse cytoplasm.
    • Simplest Epithelial
    • Functions
      • Diffusion and filtration
      • Provides slick friction
    • This tissue is found in the:
      • Kidneys
      • Air sacs of the lungs
      • Lining of the Heart
      • Blood vessels
      • Lining of ventral cavity
    Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Cubodial Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
  • 5.
    • Single layer of tall oval nuclei
    • Functions
      • Absorption and secretion
    • Many contain cillia and goblet cells
    • Found in the:
      • Cilliated types:
        • Small bronchi
        • Uterine tubes
        • Regions of uterus
      • Uncilliated types:
        • Digestive tract
        • Gallbladder
    Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Cubodial Simple Squamous Psuedostratified Columnar
  • 6.
    • Cubelike cells with large spherical central nucleai.
    • They are boxlike, tall as they are wide.
    • Functions
      • Secretion and absorption
    • They are found in:
      • Kidney Tubules
      • Ducts
      • Secretory portions of small glands
      • Ovary surface
    Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Squamous Simple Columnar Psuedostratified Columnar
  • 7.
    • This tissue is a thick layer made up of several cells.
    • The basal cells are cubodial or columnar and are metabolically active and the surface cells are flat.
    • Functions
      • Protect the underlying tissues in areas subject to abrasion.
      • Secretion and the propulsion of mucus.
    • They are found in:
      • Non ciliated male sperm carry ducts
      • Ducts of large glands
      • Ciliated trachea
      • Upper respiratory tract
    Tissues Epithelial Simple Epithelial Simple Cubodial Simple Columnar Simple Columnar
  • 8.
    • Cells of two or more layers
    • More durable than simple epithelial
    • Four types:
      • Transitional
      • Stratified Squamous
      • Stratified Columnar
      • Stratifed Cubodial
    Tissues Transitional Stratified Cubodial Stratified Columnar Stratified Sqaumous
  • 9.
    • Thick membrane composed of several cells
    • Functions
      • Protects underlying areas subject to abrasion
    • Found in (moist areas):
      • Linings of the mouth
      • Linings of the esophagus
      • Linings of the vagina
    • Forms
      • External part of skin’s epidermis
    Tissues Transitional Stratified Cubodial Stratified Columnar Stratified
  • 10.
    • Mostly two cell layers
    • Very rare
    • Found in:
      • The sweat glands
      • Mammary glands
    Tissues Transitional Stratified Stratified Columnar Stratified Sqaumous
  • 11.
    • Several cell layers
    • The surface cells are dome shaped depending on the organ
    • The basal cells are cubodial
    • Stretchy
    • Functions
      • Stretch permits distension of urinary organs
    • Found in:
      • Lining of uterus
      • Bladder
      • Part of the urethra
    Tissues Stratified Stratified Cubodial Stratified Columnar Stratified Sqaumous
  • 12.
    • Very limited distribution to the body
    • Found in:
      • Pharynx
      • Male urethra
      • Lining of some glandular ducts
    • Occurs at:
      • Transitional areas between two other types of epithelial
    • Only layer is the apical layer
    Tissues Transitional Stratified Cubodial Stratified Stratified Sqaumous
  • 13.
    • This tissue is the most widely distributed in the body and the most abundant
    • Four main types:
      • Connective tissue proper
      • Cartilage
      • Bone
      • Blood
    • Functions
      • Binding and supporting
      • Protecting
      • Insulation
      • Transportation
    • Three main elements
      • Ground substance
      • Fibers
      • cells
    Tissues Connective Proper Cartilage Bone Blood
  • 14.
    • Two subclasses
    • Consists of living cells surrounded by a matrix
      • Looses
      • Dense
    • Contains the majority of mature connective tissue
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue
  • 15.
    • 3 types
      • Areolar
      • Reticular
      • Adipose
    • Functions
      • Support and bind other tissues
      • Holding body fluids
      • Defending against infection
      • Storing nutrients as fats
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue
  • 16.
    • Gel like matrix
    • Very loose
    • Widely distributed
    • Binds body parts but allows them to move freely
    • Cushions the skin
    • Contains
      • Fibroblasts
      • Macrophages
      • Mast cells
      • Some white blood cells
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue Reticular Adipose
  • 17.
    • Very close related to areolar but with reticular fibers
    • Cells live in a fiber network
    • Forms soft internal skeleton
    • Found in
      • Lymph nodes
      • Bone marrow
      • spleen
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue Areolar Adipose
  • 18.
    • Similar in function and structure of areolar tissue but much greater in nutrient-storing ability
    • Cells packed closely together
    • Matrix is scanty
    • Functions
      • Stores and reserved food
      • Insulates against her heat loss
      • Supports
      • Protects
    • Found in
      • Under skin
      • Around kidneys
      • In abdomen
      • Breasts
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense conn. tissue Reticular Areolar
  • 19.
    • 2 types
      • Dense regular
      • Dense irregular
    • Fibers are predominant elements
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Loose conn. tissue Dense regular Dense irregular Conn. tissue proper
  • 20.
    • Parallel collagen fibers with a few elastic fibers
    • Major cell type are the fibroblasts
    • Attaches muscle to bone or to other muscles and bone to bone
    • Found in
      • Tendons
      • Ligaments
      • aponeurses
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Dense irregular Conn. tissue proper
  • 21.
    • Irregularly arranged with thick collagen fibers
    • and elastic fibers
    • Major cell type is fibroblasts
    • Withstands tension in many directions
    • Provided structural strength
    • Found in
      • Dermis
    • Forms fibrous joint capsules and
    • fibrous coverings that surround some
    • organs
    tissues Conn. tissue cartilage blood Bone Dense conn. tissue Dense regular Conn. tissue proper
  • 22.
    • Stands p to tensions and compression
    • Three varieties
      • Hyaline
      • Elastic
      • Fibrocartilage
    • Tough but flexible
    • Avascular
    • Lacks nerve fibers
    • Heals slowly
    • Chondroblasts
    • 80% water
    tissue Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue proper bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 23.
    • Amorphous
    • Firm matrix with imperceptible network of collagen fibers
    • Chondrocytes lie in lacunae
    • Functions
      • Supports
      • Cushions
      • Resists compression
    • Forms costal cartilage
    • Found in
      • Embryonic skeleton
      • Ends of long bones
      • Nose
      • Trachea
      • larynx
    tissue Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue proper bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 24.
    • Very close to hyaline cartilage but with more elastic fibers
    • Constantly maintains shape and structure
    • Allows flexibility
    • Supports
      • External ear
      • Epiglottis
    • Found where strength and stretchability
    • are necessary
    tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 25.
    • This tissue is the perfect intermediate between hyaline and the dense irregular tissue
    • Rows of chondrocytes
    • Alternate rows of thick collagen fibers
    • Absorbs Compression shock
    • Provides tensile strength
    • Found in
      • Intervertebral discs
      • Spongy cartilage in knee
    tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Bone Blood Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 26.
    • Osseous tissue
    • Hard
    • Main support of body
    • Main protection of body
    • Osteocytes found in lacunae
    • Provides levers for muscular action
    • Well supplied with blood vessels
    • Stores
      • Calcium
      • Minerals
      • Fat
      • Marrow in bone
    tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Cartilage Blood Hyaline cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 27.
    • Red and white blood cells in fluid matrix contained within blood vessels
    • Transported through
      • Gases
      • Nutrients
      • Wastes
      • Other substances
    tissues Conn. tissue Conn. Tissue Proper Bone Cartilage Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
  • 28.
    • Contains myofilaments
    • Highly cellular
    • Well-vascularized tissues responsible for most of the bodies movement
    • 3 types
      • Skeletal
      • Smooth
      • Cardiac
    tissues cardiac smooth skeletal
  • 29.
    • Also called muscle fibers
    • Striated
    • Long and cylindrical cells containing numerous nuclei
    • Functions
      • Initiates and controls voluntary movement
    • Found in
      • Skeletal muscles that attach bone
      • Skeletal muscled that attach skin
    tissues cardiac smooth muscular
  • 30.
    • Striated like skeletal muscle
    • Uninucleate
    • Branching cells
    • Found in
      • The wall of the heart
    • Functions
      • Contractions help propel blood
      • through vessels and the rest of the
      • body
    tissues muscular smooth skeletal
  • 31.
    • It’s name comes from the fact it has no striations
    • Individual cells are spindle shaped and have one centrally located nucleus.
    • Cells arranged closely to form sheets
    • Propels substances along internal passageways
    • Found in
      • Walls of hollow organs other than the heart
      • Digestive tract
      • Urinary tract
    • Involuntary
    tissues cardiac muscular skeletal
  • 32.
    • Regulates and controls the body’s nerves
    • Branched neurons with long cellular processes and supports cells
    • Functions
      • Transmits electrical signals from sensory receptors to effectors
    • Found in
      • Brain
      • Spinal Cord
      • Peripheral nerves
    Tissue
  • 33.
    • http://www.washington.uwc.edu/about/faculty/schaefer_w/TissuesPage.htm- - nervous tissue
    • http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/practice_practical_muscle.htm-- smooth musce
    • http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/randerson/Lynn's%20Bioslides/slides.htm-- cardiac muscle
    • http://www.uic.edu/classes/bios/bios100/labs/celllab.htm-- skeletal muscle
    • http://www.cptc.ctc.edu/library/Bio%20118%20Lecture%20Notes%20Rev%200105.htm-- muscular tissue
    • http://pennhealth.com/ency/imagepages/1679.htm?articleID=003550-- bone
    • http://pharyngula.org/index/weblog/comments/invertebrate_cartilages/-- cartilage
    • http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/practice_exam_connective_tissue.htm-- dense irregular
    • http://www.sru.edu/pages/5910.asp-- dense connective tissue
    • http://www.mhhe.com/biosci/ap/histology_mh/reticuct.html-- reticular
    • http://coloncancer.about.com/od/glossaries/g/Epithelial.htm-- epithelial tissue
    • http://nte-serveur.univ-lyon1.fr/nte/EMBRYON/www.uoguelph.ca/zoology/devobio/210labs/epithelial1.html-- simple epithelial
    • http://nte-serveur.univ-lyon1.fr/nte/EMBRYON/www.uoguelph.ca/zoology/devobio/210labs/epithelial1.html- strat epithelial
    • http://cytochemistry.net/Cell-biology/Medical/practice_lab_exam_Epithelium.htm-- strat. cubodial
    • http://missinglink.ucsf.edu/lm/IDS_101_histo_resource/epithelia_connective.htm-- conn. tissue
    • http://virtual.yosemite.cc.ca.us/randerson/Lynn's%20Bioslides/slides.htm-- simple columnar
    • http://anatomy.iupui.edu/courses/histo_D502/D502f04/Labs.f04/connective%20lab/Lab3f04.html-- conn. tissue proper
    • http://www.cytochemistry.net/microanatomy/connective_tissue/loose_connective_tissue.htm-- loose
    • Other slides pictured by talyn fiore, ashley guerin and brittney bennett
    • Info by: Human Anatomy and Physiology: 7 th Addition . BY: Elaine N. Marieb & Katja Hoehn

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