The Nature of The
                                 Scientific Research
                                                   ...
What is The Scientific Research?

                          It’s a systematic, controlled,
                               ...
Another meaning :
                  v Finding out answers to questions through
                    the application of accu...
Characteristics of Scientific Research
                The basic characteristics distinguish of the Scientific
           ...
The Scientific Method Overview
                     v        Choose a Problem
                     v        Investigate th...
Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi   ٦


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Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi   ٧


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Investigation




                                                               Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi   ٨


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Define/Identify
                                                                               the problem


             ...
Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi   ١٠


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Deductive and Inductive Thinking
              Deductive Thinking = "top-down"




                 Inductive Thinking = "...
Objectives of the scientific research

                                          qDescription
                            ...
Types of Researches
                                        1. Descriptive Research
                                      ...
What are the differences between the
                       quantitative and the qualitative Research?

               Qua...
Quantitative Research                                        Qualitative Research
                  'Simple' numeric data ...
Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi   ١٦


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1 the nature of the scientific research

  1. 1. The Nature of The Scientific Research Dr. Ibrahim ghazi No. 1 Lecture Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  2. 2. What is The Scientific Research? It’s a systematic, controlled, empirical, and critical investigation to verify propositions about suspected relationships among variables. Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٢ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  3. 3. Another meaning : v Finding out answers to questions through the application of accurate and objective procedures. v Finding out more reliable information and better explanations to the observable parts of the universe around us. v Systematic/ organized inquiry to provide information required to solve problems. v Objective activity to explore nature to gain better understanding (Movement from known to unknown). Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٣ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  4. 4. Characteristics of Scientific Research The basic characteristics distinguish of the Scientific Research are: v Public v Objective (Rules – Facts) v Empirical v Systematic and Cumulative v Predictive (Prediction for future occurrences) v Accuracy (accurate in observation and description ) v Testability ( Verification and Replication ) v Generalizability v Logical Reasoning Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٤ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  5. 5. The Scientific Method Overview v Choose a Problem v Investigate the Problem (Observation ) v Develop a solution (Hypothesis) v Plan the Procedures v Test Hypothesis (Collect Data , Experiments) v Organize Data (tables, graphs ) v Draw a Conclusion How to visualize the Scientific Method ? Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٥ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  6. 6. Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٦ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  7. 7. Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٧ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  8. 8. Investigation Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٨ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  9. 9. Define/Identify the problem Form a Hypothesis Test Hypothesis Make Perform Experiments Observations New Experiments Organize and Analyze Data No Do Experiments and Faulty Experiments Observations Support Hypothesis Yes Communicate Results Draw Conclusions Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ٩ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  10. 10. Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١٠ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  11. 11. Deductive and Inductive Thinking Deductive Thinking = "top-down" Inductive Thinking = "bottom up" Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١١ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  12. 12. Objectives of the scientific research qDescription qExplanation qPredicting qControl qModeling Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١٢ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  13. 13. Types of Researches 1. Descriptive Research 2. Analytical Research 3. Exploratory Research 4. Applied Research 5. Quantitative Research 6. Qualitative Research 7. Conceptual Research 8. Empirical Research 9. Diagnostic Research Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١٣ 10. Historical Research PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  14. 14. What are the differences between the quantitative and the qualitative Research? Quantitative Research • Deals with numerical measurements and usually identify numerical differences between groups. Qualitative Research • Deals with how people understand their experiences. Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١٤ ١٤ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  15. 15. Quantitative Research Qualitative Research 'Simple' numeric data 'Complex' rich data Measurement Meaning Explanation Understanding Prediction Interpretation Representative population Purposive/ representative sample perspective sample Hypothesis-testing Exploratory Claims objectivity Accepts subjectivity Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١٥ ١٥ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
  16. 16. Dr. Ibrahem Ghazi ١٦ PDF created with pdfFactory trial version www.pdffactory.com
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