Ferdinand magellan powerpoint 2

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Ferdinand magellan powerpoint 2

  1. 1. BY : JUSTIN B. AND DEVISHA B.
  2. 2. Background Information <ul><li>In 1480, Ferdinand Magellan was born in Sabrose, Portugal from noble blood. </li></ul><ul><li>When he was a child he was a page to the Queen of Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>As he grew older, Magellan volunteered for voyages under the command of prestigious captains to foreign soil. </li></ul><ul><li>In his first voyage to India in 1505, Magellan was under the command of Francisco d’Almeida, the first Portuguese viceroy in the East. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Purpose of Expedition to Spice Islands in 1519 under King Charles V of Spain <ul><li>The purpose of his expedition was to look for the Spice Islands (present-day Indonesia) to obtain spices. </li></ul><ul><li>Spices were highly valued by the Europeans because they added flavour and preserved their meats. </li></ul><ul><li>Magellan believed that there was a strait through the New World/America which would serve as a shortcut to Asia. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Voyage <ul><li>Fleet consisted of five ships: the Trinidad, Concepcion, San Antonio, Victoria, and Santiago along with 200 crew members. </li></ul><ul><li>The Santiago was destroyed by a storm in Puerto San Julian in present-day Argentina. </li></ul><ul><li>In search of the Spice Islands, Magellan was the first European to visit the present-day Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>Magellan was speared to death in a war with the Mactan tribe in the Philippines in 1521. </li></ul><ul><li>The remaining ships continued to the Spice Islands in search of spices. </li></ul><ul><li>Only the Victoria and 18 survivors returned to Spain with valuable spices. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Expedition Route
  6. 6. Hardships Faced <ul><li>Asked King Manuel of Portugal three times for sponsorship but finally went to Spain for sponsorship. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, while anchored in Puerto San Julian in present-day Argentina, the crew mutinied against Magellan. </li></ul><ul><li>Food and water ran out and scurvy struck. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Historical Contributions <ul><li>Proved that the world was round and was first to circumnavigate it. </li></ul><ul><li>First European to sail across the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>Started a debate on who owned the Spice Islands. </li></ul><ul><li>Strait of Magellan, the passageway which he discovered between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and Magellanic Clouds 1 were named after him. </li></ul>1 Please note that Magellanic clouds are actually another galaxy
  8. 8. Other Notable Accomplishments <ul><li>First person to view penguins. </li></ul><ul><li>Named the Pacific Ocean for its peaceful waters. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Bibliography <ul><li>BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>Bailey, Katherine. “Ferdinand Magellan Circumnavigating The World.” St Catharines: Crabtree Publishing Company,2006. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Bailey, Katharine. “Ferdinand Magellan.” New York. Crabtree Publishing Company, 2006. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Johnstone, Michael. “The History News: Explorers.” New York. Scholastic Inc., 1997. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>WEBSITES </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ferdinand Magellan &quot;. How Stuff Works . How Stuff Works. Inc, 30 October 2008. Web. April 16, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ferdinand Magellan&quot;. History.com . A&E Television Networks, 16 October 2009. Web. April 18, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ferdinand Magellan Timeline.” N.P. N.D. Web. 28 April, 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Haley Crum. “The Man Who Sailed The World.” Smithsonian . Smithsonian Institute, 1 June, 2007 . Web. 28 April, 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Halsall, Paul. “ Ferdinand Magellan's Voyage Round the World, 1519-1522 CE.” The Modern History Sourcebook . N.P. N.D. Web. 28 April 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>ENCYCLOPEDIAS </li></ul><ul><li>Seed, Patricia. &quot;Magellan, Ferdinand.&quot; World Book Student. World Book, 2010. Web. 29 April 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Magellan, Ferdinand.&quot; Encyclopedia Britannica . Encyclopedia Britannica Online . Encyclopedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 29  Apr.  2010 </li></ul>

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