Hammurabis Code Of Laws Powerpoint


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Hammurabis Code Of Laws Powerpoint

  1. 1. Hammurabi's Code of Laws Seneca Perry Period 2 Mrs. Laskey
  2. 2. Description of the Laws <ul><li>The Code of Hammurabi is an ancient preserved law code created in 1790 B.C in ancient Babylon. </li></ul><ul><li>It was written by the sixth Babylonian king Hammurabi. </li></ul><ul><li>One nearly complete example of the Code is left today, inscribed on a seven foot, four inch tall, in basalt steel, in the Akkaidain Language . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Relevant Dates <ul><li>Created in 1790 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Hammurabi ruled from 1796 BC to 1750 BC </li></ul><ul><li>The stele containing the Code of Hammurabi was discovered in 1901 by the Egyptologist Gustav Jequier. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Purpose of Creation <ul><li>First ever written entire body of laws, arranged in orderly groups, so that all men might read and know what was required of them. </li></ul><ul><li>The law code was in those days regarded as a subject for prayer, though the prayers here are chiefly cursings of whoever shall neglect or destroy the law. </li></ul><ul><li>The judge who lies in a law case is to be removed from his position forever, and heavily fined. </li></ul><ul><li>The witness who testifies falsely is to be killed. Indeed, all the heavier crimes are made punishable with death. Even if a man builds a house badly, and it falls and kills the owner, the builder is to be killed also. If the owner's son was killed, then the builder's son is killed. </li></ul><ul><li>This is where the Hebrews learned their law of &quot;an eye for an eye”. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Importance to the Ancients <ul><li>Hammurabi's Code of the ancient Mesopotamian society was important because it set the first written laws in human history. </li></ul><ul><li>The code contained 282 laws written in 12 tablets in the Akkadian language which was common in Babylonia. </li></ul><ul><li>This work is also a great source of information about the society, religion, economy, and history of this period. </li></ul><ul><li>Each part describes in detail a crime or incident, and the punishment/procedure for it . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why is this significant now ? <ul><li>Hammurabi's Code of the ancient society is important because it set the first written laws in human history. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the first ever written legal document. </li></ul><ul><li>It teaches us about Mesopotamian society, like class divisions, political and economic factors as well as it is the basis of our modern day legal code. </li></ul>Why should we learn about this today? <ul><li>Society wouldn't be the same if it weren't for this code of laws. It was the start of a civilized group of people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. A Few Laws… <ul><li>      If any one be too lazy to keep his dam in proper condition, and does not so keep it; if then the dam break and all the fields be flooded, then shall he in whose dam the break occurred be sold for money, and the money shall replace the corn which he has caused to be ruined. </li></ul><ul><li>      If any one give another silver, gold, or anything else to keep, he shall show everything to some witness, draw up a contract, and then hand it over for safe keeping. </li></ul><ul><li>      If any one place his property with another for safe keeping, and there, either through thieves or robbers, his property and the property of the other man be lost, the owner of the house, through whose neglect the loss took place, shall compensate the owner for all that was given to him in charge. But the owner of the house shall try to follow up and recover his property, and take it away from the thief. </li></ul><ul><li>      If a man take a wife, and she be seized by disease, if he then desire to take a second wife he shall not put away his wife, who has been attacked by disease, but he shall keep her in the house which he has built and support her so long as she lives. </li></ul><ul><li>If any one owe a debt for a loan, and a storm prostrates the grain, or the harvest fail, or the grain does not grow for lack of water; in that year he need not give his creditor any grain, he washes his debt-tablet in water and pays no rent for this year . </li></ul>