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Theorists and educational research

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Brief description of the Behaviorists Learning Theory

Brief description of the Behaviorists Learning Theory

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  • 1. BEHAVORISM THEORY Ivan Pavlov Albert Bandura B. F. Skinner Courtesy of: http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_conditioning/pavlovs_dog.html Courtesy of: http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_ conditioning/applied_analysis_of_antecedents.html Courtesy of: http://www.psicoteRapiaintegrativa.com/therapists /images/S_Albert_Bandura.jpg By NMG
  • 2. BEHAVORISM THEORY
    • Prediction and Control of Human Behavior
    • Teaching takes no consideration of:
        • Introspection
        • Independent Thinking
    • Learning is purely objective
    • No internal cognitive processing of information.
    • Became popular in the 20 th century
    • No difference between animal and man
    • Based on Stimuli and Response
    • Learned behavior is solely because of positive or negative rewards.
  • 3. Albert Bandura
    • Born on September 14, 1849
    • Studied and Practice Physiology
    • Won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1904
    • Accidently came across of the process of Classic Conditioned response to stimuli.
    • Experiment focused on the physiology of digestion in dogs
    • Results were dogs salivating due to stimuli of food
    • Pavlov then applied neutral bell stimulus in conjunction to food stimulus
    • Experiment resulted in conditioned response of dogs salivating with stimulus of only ringing bell.
  • 4. B. F. Skinner
    • Introduced idea of Operant Conditioning
    • Taught pigeons by rewarding them based on stimulus-response pattern (i.e. turning = reward)
    • States that continued behavior (stimuli) is a result of reward (response).
    • Born on March 20, 1904
    • Studied at Harvard
    • Received his degree in Psychology
  • 5. Albert Bandura
    • Born December 4, 1925
    • Focused on:
      • motivational factors
      • mechanisms regulated by the individual
      • And environmental mechanisms
    • Believed that people acquire behaviors via mimicking others.
    • Most known for his idea’s on Social Learning
    • Based work on concept of Self-efficacy
    • Self-efficacy is a personal observation about a person’s own ability to think, feel, and motivate one’s self.
    • Became known as the father of the Cognitivist movement.
  • 6. Teachers
    • Without Technology
    • Provide Learning Environment full of stimuli
      • Center based activities
      • Posters
      • Colors
      • Group Activities
    • Provide Positive or Negative Responses (Rewards)
      • Stickers
      • Toys
      • Candy
      • Time Out
      • No play time
    • With Technology
    • Imbed Technology into Learning centers
      • Computer Learning Center
      • Photo Center
      • Digital Flashcards
    • Computer Programs must be designed with Positive or Negative Feedback based on student Input.
      • CORRECT!!!!
      • Happy Face
      • Thumbs Up!
      • WRONG
      • Sad Face
      • Try Again .
  • 7. Students
    • With/Without Technology
    • Participate in centers
    • Respond to center instructions
    • Decide to readjust or continue primary response based on Teacher/Technology response
  • 8. Natasha’s Thoughts!
    • I do agree that children to respond to stimuli and response of both positive and negative rewards
    • I do not agree that Learning is purely objective.
    • I would apply the negative/positive reward idea in my classroom, but this would not be the only idea present.
  • 9. Websites Used!!!!
    • http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_conditioning/pavlovs_dog.html
    • http://www.psywww.com/intropsych/ch05_conditioning/applied_analysis_of_antecedents.html
    • http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html
    • http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/behaviorism/#1
    • http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/skinner.html
    • http://www.des.emory.edu/mfp/bandurabio.html

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