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The History of IBM PC

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How IBM developed personal computers.

How IBM developed personal computers.

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  • 1. The History of IBM PC
    By: Manal El-Chanti
    BariaAl-Khanati
    Date: March 30th, 2010
    [1]
  • 2. Table of Contents
    Key Words.
    Brief History.
    The Development of IBM Personal Computer.
    -Technical Description of IBM Personal Computers.
     
  • 3. Desktop Computer.
    IBM PC Names.
    IBM First Printer.
    IBM Floppy Disc.
    Programming Languages.
    Table of Contents Cont.
  • 4. One of the New Products.
    Summary.
    Conclusion.
    References.
    Questions.
    Table of Contents Cont.
  • 5.
    • BASIC: Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
    • 6. FORTRAN: Formula Translator, was the first high level programming language software.
    • 7. COBOL: Common Business Oriented Language.
    • 8. SCAMP: Special Computer, APL Machine Portable.
    • 9. APL: Named after the book A Programming Language, it is an interactive array-oriented language.
    Key Words
  • 10.
    • In 1911 IBM where the producer for punch card tabulating machines.
    • 11. 1930 produced the calculator.
    • 12. In 1950s IBM 701 EDPM.
    - had electrostatic storage tube memory.
    • Then IBM CEO which will go with IBM punch card tabulating machines.
    • 13. In 1970 they produced the portable computers which are very close to the personal or desktop computers.
    Brief History
  • 14.
    • IBM attempted to move computing to individual users using the SCAMP project.
    • 15. SCAMP is a desktop calculator, an interactive APL programming device.
    • 16. In 1975 the IBM 5100 Portable Computer launched.
    Brief History Cont.
  • 17. Brief History Cont.
    [2]
  • 18. The Development of IBM Personal Computer
    [3]
  • 19. In March 1982 the Portable Computer was withdrawn from marketing.
    But the first personal computers were produced in 1978 in IBM Administrative Office.
    IBM personal computers launched in 1981.
    The Development of IBM Personal Computer Cont.
  • 20. Technical Description of IBM Personal Computers
    • Weighed around 50 pounds.
    • 21. Storage 16k to 64k.
    extended model had 128k.
    • Price between $8,975 and $19,975 some were leased for 5,000 per month.
    • 22. Size bigger than the IBM type writer .
  • Technical Description of IBM Personal Computers Cont.
    • APL or BASIC — or both — programming languages.
    • 23. Desktop has console application.
    • 24. 10 times faster than older models computers.
    • 25. The capacity of the magnetic tape was 204,000-character capacity on 300 feet tape with 1/4-inch.
    • 26. The diskettes could contain from 29 up to 130 million characters
  • Technical Description of IBM Personal Computers Cont.
    [2]
  • 27. Desktop Computer
    • The IBM 5110 had desktop unit, a keyboard and a 1,024-character displayed on the screen.
    • 28. Diskette or magnetic tapes used.
    • 29. Model 2 allowed only diskette.
    • 30. The system was withdrawn from marketing between March 1983 and July 1984.
    • 31. IBM 5520 included files processing enhanced softwares and other arithmetic functions.
  • Desktop Computer Cont.
    • The Data master was operated and checked out by users.
    • 32. View screen.
    • 33. Uses input and output devices such as keyboard, mouse and printer, which all attached to a desktop console.
    • 34. Tow printers were also offered to the new pc type.
    • 35. Maximum diskette storage of the new pc type was up to 4.4 megabytes.
    • 36. Business Management Accounting and Word Processing programming.
  • Desktop Computer Cont.
    [4]
  • 37. IBM PC Names
    • IBM 5100 Portable Computer.
    [5]
    Introduced 1975
  • 38. IBM 5110
    IBM PC Names Cont.
    [6]
  • 39. IBM 5120
    IBM PC Names Cont.
    [7]
  • 40. IBM First Printer
    [8]
  • 41. IBM Floppy Disk
    [9]
  • 42.
    • BASIC: it was widely used during 1970-1980.
    - It is an easy programming language to understand.
    • FORTRAN: one of the first programming languages.
    • 43. COBOL: second oldest high level programming language.
    • 44. Pascal: high level programming language.
    Programming Languages
  • 45. One of the New Products
    [10]
  • 46.
    • All in all, PC was not the first thing that IBM produced, they did many things which made them think about this technology.
    • 47. Many languages they discovered, some of which programmers still using them until now, but in more understandable techniques.
    Summary
  • 48.
    • IBM company tried like any other companies to duplicate its success. It went through too many challenges and hard working and at the end it became one of the biggest companies in the world.
    Conclusion
  • 49. References
    [3] "Before the beginning: Ancestors of the IBM Personal Computer." IBM Personal Computer. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://www03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhbits/pc/pc_1.html.
    • Bellis, Mary. "The Role of IBM in the History of Computers." about.com. The New York Times Company, 2010. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://inventors.about.com/od/computersandinternet/a/IB M701.htm>.
    • 50. Bellis, Mary. "Inventors of the Modern Computer." about.com. The New York Times Company, 2010. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa031599.htm>.
  • References Cont.
    • Bellis, Mary. "Computer history-1980-1990." computerhope.com. Computer Hope, 2010. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://www.computerhope.com/history/198090.htm>.
    [1] Computer Architecture. Web. 29 Mar 2010. <http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.cs.uakro n.edu/~margush/465/01_images/1981_ibm- pc.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.cs.uakron.edu/~margush/465/0 1_intro.html&usg=__It3VuR8mYrJPJDxTw2aG5g9F0zg=&h= 300&w=300&sz=13&hl=en&start=14&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid= 2muqCc_1u3QF4M:&tbnh=116&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3 Fq%3Dfirst%2Bibm%2Bpc%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26s a%3DN%26tbs%3Disch:1>.
  • 51.
    • "Computing System." IBM 5120. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://www- 03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/pc/pc_6. html>.
    [4] Happy Birthday IBM PC – 28 Years Old Today. Web. 29 Mar 2010. <http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://ww w.geardiary.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/ibm- pc.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.geardiary.com/tag/happ ybirthday/&usg=__d4Mt6cLqOjVv_rOJqb08xb3mB U4=&h=371&w=500&sz=46&hl=en&start=17&itbs =1&tbnid=DdU4bHWfJiFnBM:&tbnh=96&tbnw=1 30&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dold%2Bibm%2Bpc%26 hl%3Den%26sa%3DG%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disc h:1>.
    References Cont.
  • 52. References Cont.
    [5] "IBM 5100." Web. 30 Mar 2010. <http://images.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://evopc.co.uk/in dex_htm_files/13.jpg&imgrefurl=http://evopc.co.uk/laptop% 2520museum.htm&usg=__M3fY4zoFbrh2NgohVZDaVFK_Q Q=&h=315&w=432&sz=18&hl=en&start=76&um=1&itbs=1 &tbnid=F5ed_kSjAj7N9M:&tbnh=92&tbnw=126&prev=/im ages%3Fq%3Dibm%2Bpc%2B2008%26start%3D72%26um %3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26rlz %3D1R2RNTN_enCA342%26ndsp%3D18%26tbs%3Disch: 1>.
    [6] "IBM 5110." Web. 30 Mar 2010. <http://www.techcn.com.cn/uploads/201001/1262311103grehmQjb.j pg>.
    • Lim , Willie , and Ralph Valentino. "What is the history of the IBM PC?." stason.org. StasBekman , 04/09/2009. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://stason.org/TULARC/pc/pc_hardware_faq/1_09_ What_is_the_ history_of_the_IBM_PC.html>.
  • References Cont.
    [2] "Portable Computer." IBM 5100. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://www03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/pc/pc_3.html>.
    • "The birth of the IBM PC." ibm.com. IBM, n.d. Web. 28 Mar 2010. <http://www 03.ibm.com/ibm/history/exhibits/pc25/pc25_birth.html.
    [7] Web. 30 Mar 2010. <http://oldcomputers.net/pics/ibm5120.jpg>.
    [8] Web. 30 Mar 2010. <http://ed-thelen.org/comp-hist/Shustek/36- IBM-5100.gif>.
    [9] Web. 30 Mar 2010. <http://chandrakantha.com/articles/indian_music/filmi_sang eet/media/1970_Floppy_Disk.gif>.
    [10] Web. 30 Mar 2010. <http://laptops-pro.com/wp- content/uploads/2009/07/ibm-used-laptops-300x289.jpg>.
  • 53. Questions
    FORTRAN is a short term for : FOR_______ TRAN________.
    Answer: Formula Translator
  • 54. IBM CEO goes with which product:
    Electrostatic storage tube memory.
    IBM 701 EDPM.
    IBM 5100.
    Punch Card tabulating Machines.
    Answer: d
    Questions Cont.
  • 55. When was the first Personal Computer Developed?
    1975.
    1978.
    1980.
    1981.
    Answer: b
    Questions Cont.
  • 56. Questions Cont.
    What’s new in IBM 5520?
    Enhanced softwares and other arithmetic functions.
    Easy access to files and documents.
    New system and softwares.
    Answer: a 
  • 57. What is COBOL?
    Easy programming language.
    High level programming language.
    First oldest programming language used.
    Second oldest programming language used.
     
    Answer: d
    Questions Cont.