The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Unit 4 NSTP-CWTS2 February 2008
The MDGs <ul><li>A set of  8 time-bound targets  which aims to end  extreme poverty  worldwide by  2015 </li></ul><ul><li>...
The MDGs <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve universal primary education </li></ul><ul><l...
MDGs are unique because.. <ul><li>Goals represent a  compact  between all the world's major economic players </li></ul><ul...
Health-Related MDG <ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (1) :  Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET:   Halve, betw...
National target for extreme poverty has been reached… But regions in Visayas and Mindanao trail behind ERADICATE EXTREME P...
Philippine Indicators SOURCE: 2 nd  Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
 
 
Health-Related MDG <ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (4) : Reduce child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Reduce by two-thirds, betwe...
Gains made in reducing under-five mortality rate REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY 4 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births...
Philippine Indicators <ul><li>Infant mortality rate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34 deaths per 1000 live births in 1993 </li></u...
<ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (5) : Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 20...
Slow decline in maternal mortality ratio and unlikely to meet 2015 target IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH 5 Maternal mortality rat...
Access to reproductive health services slightly improved…at this rate, it is unlikely that the 80% target will be met  IMP...
Philippine Indicators <ul><li>Maternal anemia in pregnant women decreased from 50.7% in 1998 to 43.9% in 2003 </li></ul><u...
Health-Related MDG <ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (6) : Combat HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Have ...
Health-Related MDG <ul><li>TARGET : Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major dise...
From “ low and slow ” to “ hidden and growing” COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA & OTHER DISEASES 6 <1% HIV Prevalence Rate
Philippines Indicators <ul><li>Estimate of 10k cases of HIV as of 2004, prevalence rate of < 1% </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria ...
Health-Related MDG <ul><li>GOAL (7) : Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Halve by 2015 the pro...
The country is likely to achieve the targets on access to safe drinking water and sanitary toilet facilities ENSURE ENVIRO...
Philippines Indicators <ul><li>Household access to safe water: 78.7% in 2000 to 80% in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Households w...
Health-Related MDG <ul><li>TARGET : By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 millio...
<ul><li>In 2002, government estimates that there are 588,853 informal settlers </li></ul><ul><li>51% are in NCR, Region VI...
<ul><li>Informal Settlers by Family, by Region </li></ul>SOURCE: 2 nd  Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Develo...
Health-Related Goals <ul><li>GOAL (8) : Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : In coopera...
<ul><li>LOW </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary participation  rate </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary cohort  </li></ul><ul><li>surviv...
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UERM NSTP-CWTS2 Unit 4: Millennium Development Goals

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Transcript of "UERM NSTP-CWTS2 Unit 4: Millennium Development Goals"

  1. 1. The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Unit 4 NSTP-CWTS2 February 2008
  2. 2. The MDGs <ul><li>A set of 8 time-bound targets which aims to end extreme poverty worldwide by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>An offshoot of the UN Millennium Summit, where 189 Heads of State signed the Millennium Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a benchmark for the Philippines and other countries in setting goals and targets to wipe out poverty and ensure human development </li></ul>
  3. 3. The MDGs <ul><li>Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve universal primary education </li></ul><ul><li>Promote gender equality & empower women </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><li>Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul>
  4. 4. MDGs are unique because.. <ul><li>Goals represent a compact between all the world's major economic players </li></ul><ul><li>The world has never before seen so much prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Performance against the goals is being monitored </li></ul><ul><li>The Goals are clearly achievable </li></ul>
  5. 5. Health-Related MDG <ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (1) : Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger </li></ul><ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption </li></ul>
  6. 6. National target for extreme poverty has been reached… But regions in Visayas and Mindanao trail behind ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER 1 Proportion of population below subsistence threshold, 2003 Source: NSCB
  7. 7. Philippine Indicators SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  8. 10. Health-Related MDG <ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (4) : Reduce child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate </li></ul><ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>Under-five mortality rate </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality rate </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measles </li></ul>
  9. 11. Gains made in reducing under-five mortality rate REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY 4 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Deaths per 1,000 live births Source: 2006 FPS
  10. 12. Philippine Indicators <ul><li>Infant mortality rate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34 deaths per 1000 live births in 1993 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>29 deaths per 1000 live births in 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Percentage of all children aged 12-23 months fully immunized: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>62% in 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>65% in 2000 </li></ul></ul>SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  11. 13. <ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (5) : Improve maternal health </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio </li></ul>Health-Related MDG <ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal mortality ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel </li></ul>
  12. 14. Slow decline in maternal mortality ratio and unlikely to meet 2015 target IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH 5 Maternal mortality ratio Sources: 2006: FPS 1998: NDHS 1990-1995: TWG on Maternal and Child Mortality, NSCB
  13. 15. Access to reproductive health services slightly improved…at this rate, it is unlikely that the 80% target will be met IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH 5 Prevalence rate of women and men/couples practising responsible parenthood Source: 2006 FPS
  14. 16. Philippine Indicators <ul><li>Maternal anemia in pregnant women decreased from 50.7% in 1998 to 43.9% in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of births attended by a health professional increased from 56% in 1998 to 60% in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Percentage of births delivered in a health facility increased from 34% in 1998 to 38% in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Prenatal care coverage at 94.1% in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Postnatal care coverage at 89% in 2002 (vs. 59% in 1998) </li></ul>SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  15. 17. Health-Related MDG <ul><li>HEALTH GOAL (6) : Combat HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-24 years </li></ul><ul><li>Condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate </li></ul><ul><li>Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years </li></ul>
  16. 18. Health-Related MDG <ul><li>TARGET : Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases </li></ul><ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of population in malaria-risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short-course) </li></ul>
  17. 19. From “ low and slow ” to “ hidden and growing” COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA & OTHER DISEASES 6 <1% HIV Prevalence Rate
  18. 20. Philippines Indicators <ul><li>Estimate of 10k cases of HIV as of 2004, prevalence rate of < 1% </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria is 8 th leading cause of morbidity in the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Morbidity rate of 48 cases per 100k population in 2002 vs. 72 cases per 100k population in 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortality rate of 0.9 deaths / 100k population in 1995 vs. 0.11 deaths in 2002 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>95% of cases were found in 25 provinces (endemic in 65) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TB is 6 th leading cause of death & morbidity in 2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortality rate of 39 deaths per 100k population in 1995 vs. 38 deaths in 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Morbidity rate of 173 cases per 100k population in 1995 vs. 142 cases in 2001 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100% DOTS population coverage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Case detection rate of 61% in 2003 (27% in 2000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cure rate of 78% in 2002 (74% in 2001) </li></ul></ul>SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  19. 21. Health-Related MDG <ul><li>GOAL (7) : Ensure environmental sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural </li></ul>
  20. 22. The country is likely to achieve the targets on access to safe drinking water and sanitary toilet facilities ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY 7 ▪ Proportion of households with access to safe drinking water ▪ Proportion of households with sanitary toilet facility Source: APIS, 2004
  21. 23. Philippines Indicators <ul><li>Household access to safe water: 78.7% in 2000 to 80% in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Households with sanitary toilet facility: 81.97% in 2000 to 86% in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>8 out of 10 families have access to clean & safe water </li></ul><ul><li>40% of households have piped water as main source of drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>15% of rural households have no toilet facility, 4% in urban areas </li></ul>SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  22. 24. Health-Related MDG <ul><li>TARGET : By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers </li></ul><ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural </li></ul>
  23. 25. <ul><li>In 2002, government estimates that there are 588,853 informal settlers </li></ul><ul><li>51% are in NCR, Region VI and Region IV </li></ul>Philippine Indicators SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  24. 26. <ul><li>Informal Settlers by Family, by Region </li></ul>SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  25. 27. Health-Related Goals <ul><li>GOAL (8) : Develop a global partnership for development </li></ul><ul><li>TARGET : In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>INDICATOR : </li></ul><ul><li>Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>LOW </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary participation rate </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary cohort </li></ul><ul><li>survival rate </li></ul><ul><li>Elementary completion rate </li></ul><ul><li>Gender equality in education </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal mortality ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Access to reproductive health services </li></ul><ul><li>HIGH </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Dietary energy </li></ul><ul><li>requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Child mortality </li></ul><ul><li>HIV and AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Access to safe drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Access to sanitary toilet facilities </li></ul>Will the Philippines make it?
  27. 29. Thank You!

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