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UERM NSTP-CWTS2 Unit 4: Millennium Development Goals
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UERM NSTP-CWTS2 Unit 4: Millennium Development Goals UERM NSTP-CWTS2 Unit 4: Millennium Development Goals Presentation Transcript

  • The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Unit 4 NSTP-CWTS2 February 2008
  • The MDGs
    • A set of 8 time-bound targets which aims to end extreme poverty worldwide by 2015
    • An offshoot of the UN Millennium Summit, where 189 Heads of State signed the Millennium Declaration
    • Provides a benchmark for the Philippines and other countries in setting goals and targets to wipe out poverty and ensure human development
  • The MDGs
    • Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger
    • Achieve universal primary education
    • Promote gender equality & empower women
    • Reduce child mortality
    • Improve maternal health
    • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
    • Ensure environmental sustainability
    • Develop a global partnership for development
  • MDGs are unique because..
    • Goals represent a compact between all the world's major economic players
    • The world has never before seen so much prosperity
    • Performance against the goals is being monitored
    • The Goals are clearly achievable
  • Health-Related MDG
    • HEALTH GOAL (1) : Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
    • TARGET: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • INDICATOR :
    • Prevalence of underweight children under five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption
  • National target for extreme poverty has been reached… But regions in Visayas and Mindanao trail behind ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY AND HUNGER 1 Proportion of population below subsistence threshold, 2003 Source: NSCB
  • Philippine Indicators SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  •  
  •  
  • Health-Related MDG
    • HEALTH GOAL (4) : Reduce child mortality
    • TARGET : Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate
    • INDICATOR :
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of one-year-old children immunized against measles
  • Gains made in reducing under-five mortality rate REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY 4 Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) Deaths per 1,000 live births Source: 2006 FPS
  • Philippine Indicators
    • Infant mortality rate:
      • 34 deaths per 1000 live births in 1993
      • 29 deaths per 1000 live births in 2003
    • Percentage of all children aged 12-23 months fully immunized:
      • 62% in 2003
      • 65% in 2000
    SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
    • HEALTH GOAL (5) : Improve maternal health
    • TARGET : Reduce by three-quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio
    Health-Related MDG
    • INDICATOR :
    • Maternal mortality ratio
    • Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
  • Slow decline in maternal mortality ratio and unlikely to meet 2015 target IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH 5 Maternal mortality ratio Sources: 2006: FPS 1998: NDHS 1990-1995: TWG on Maternal and Child Mortality, NSCB
  • Access to reproductive health services slightly improved…at this rate, it is unlikely that the 80% target will be met IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH 5 Prevalence rate of women and men/couples practising responsible parenthood Source: 2006 FPS
  • Philippine Indicators
    • Maternal anemia in pregnant women decreased from 50.7% in 1998 to 43.9% in 2003
    • Proportion of births attended by a health professional increased from 56% in 1998 to 60% in 2003
    • Percentage of births delivered in a health facility increased from 34% in 1998 to 38% in 2003
    • Prenatal care coverage at 94.1% in 2002
    • Postnatal care coverage at 89% in 2002 (vs. 59% in 1998)
    SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  • Health-Related MDG
    • HEALTH GOAL (6) : Combat HIV/ AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
    • TARGET : Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • INDICATOR :
    • HIV prevalence among pregnant women aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use rate of the contraceptive prevalence rate
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  • Health-Related MDG
    • TARGET : Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
    • INDICATOR :
    • Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria
    • Proportion of population in malaria-risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures
    • Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
    • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short-course)
  • From “ low and slow ” to “ hidden and growing” COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA & OTHER DISEASES 6 <1% HIV Prevalence Rate
  • Philippines Indicators
    • Estimate of 10k cases of HIV as of 2004, prevalence rate of < 1%
    • Malaria is 8 th leading cause of morbidity in the country
      • Morbidity rate of 48 cases per 100k population in 2002 vs. 72 cases per 100k population in 1998
      • Mortality rate of 0.9 deaths / 100k population in 1995 vs. 0.11 deaths in 2002
      • 95% of cases were found in 25 provinces (endemic in 65)
    • TB is 6 th leading cause of death & morbidity in 2001
      • Mortality rate of 39 deaths per 100k population in 1995 vs. 38 deaths in 2001
      • Morbidity rate of 173 cases per 100k population in 1995 vs. 142 cases in 2001
      • 100% DOTS population coverage
      • Case detection rate of 61% in 2003 (27% in 2000)
      • Cure rate of 78% in 2002 (74% in 2001)
    SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  • Health-Related MDG
    • GOAL (7) : Ensure environmental sustainability
    • TARGET : Halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking-water and sanitation
    • INDICATOR :
    • Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural
  • The country is likely to achieve the targets on access to safe drinking water and sanitary toilet facilities ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY 7 ▪ Proportion of households with access to safe drinking water ▪ Proportion of households with sanitary toilet facility Source: APIS, 2004
  • Philippines Indicators
    • Household access to safe water: 78.7% in 2000 to 80% in 2002
    • Households with sanitary toilet facility: 81.97% in 2000 to 86% in 2002
    • 8 out of 10 families have access to clean & safe water
    • 40% of households have piped water as main source of drinking water
    • 15% of rural households have no toilet facility, 4% in urban areas
    SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  • Health-Related MDG
    • TARGET : By 2020 to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
    • INDICATOR :
    • Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural
    • In 2002, government estimates that there are 588,853 informal settlers
    • 51% are in NCR, Region VI and Region IV
    Philippine Indicators SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
    • Informal Settlers by Family, by Region
    SOURCE: 2 nd Philippine Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
  • Health-Related Goals
    • GOAL (8) : Develop a global partnership for development
    • TARGET : In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable, essential drugs in developing countries
    • INDICATOR :
    • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis
    • LOW
    • Elementary participation rate
    • Elementary cohort
    • survival rate
    • Elementary completion rate
    • Gender equality in education
    • Maternal mortality ratio
    • Access to reproductive health services
    • HIGH
    • Poverty
    • Nutrition
    • Dietary energy
    • requirement
    • Child mortality
    • HIV and AIDS
    • Malaria
    • Access to safe drinking water
    • Access to sanitary toilet facilities
    Will the Philippines make it?
  • Thank You!