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    Freer10 Countries Project Freer10 Countries Project Presentation Transcript

    • 10 Countries Project
      By: Andrew Freer
    • Liechtenstein
    • Country Description
      Location
      Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland
      Size
      160 sq km
      Population
      34,761
      Climate
      continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
    • Geographic Description
      Land Region
      mostly mountainous
      Rivers, lakes, oceans
      None
      Fauna and Flora
      1600 plant species, about 800 species are mountain flora, the rest are valley and slope flora
      55 mammal
      17 species of bats
      10 species of amphibians
      24 species of fish
      Vacation Tour
    • History
      Early
      The Principality of Liechtenstein was established within the Holy Roman Empire in 1719. Occupied by both French and Russian troops during the Napoleonic wars, it became a sovereign state in 1806 and joined the Germanic Confederation in 1815
      Liechtenstein became fully independent in 1866 when the Confederation dissolved
      WWII
      Neutral
      Major Events
      Blacklisted for money laundering in 2000.
    • Political
      Government type
      constitutional monarchy
      Government Leader
      Executive
      Chief of state: Prince Hans Adam II
      Head of government: Head of Government Klaus
      Cabinet
      Legislative
      Parliament or Landtag
      Judicial
      Supreme Court or Oberster Gerichtshof
    • Economy
      Industry
      electronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
      Exports
      small specialty machinery, connectors for audio and video, parts for motor vehicles, dental products, hardware, prepared foodstuffs, electronic equipment, optical products
      $3.92 billion
      Imports
      $2.59 billion
      agricultural products, raw materials, energy products, machinery, metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles
      Economic Status
      Debt = $0
      Major Trade Partners
      Swiss
      Austria
      France
      US
      German
      Trade Associations
      European Economic Area (EEA)
       WTO  World Trade Organization
    • Daily Life
      Wealthy individuals
      High cost of living
      Expensive Clothing
      Total literacy- 100%
      Internet usage
      65.2%
    • Cultural
      Traditions
      Mixed traditions of Swiss and Austrian culture
      Religions
      Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2%
      Foods
      Coffee and bread with jam are commonly eaten for breakfast
      Zmittag, a meal that includes main dish, soup, salad, and dessert
      Music and Dance
      Liechtenstein Musical Company, the annual Guitar Days and the International Josef Gabriel Rheinberger Society(Musical societies)
      Art
      Private Art Collection of the Prince of Liechtenstein, one of the world's leading private art collections, is shown at the Liechtenstein Museum in Vienna
      Football teams play in Swiss football leagues
    • Winter Olympics
      Marco Büchel
      Men’s downhill-8th
      Men’s super-G
      Marina Nigg
      Women’s Slalom
    • Ethiopia
    • Country Description
      Size
      1,104,300 sq km
      Location
      Eastern Africa, west of Somalia
      Population
      85,237,338
      Climate
      tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
    • Geographic Description
      Land Region
      high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Lake Tana, Lake Turkana, Blue River
      Indigenous Fauna and Flora
      Gelada Baboon, Nyala, Hartebeest
      Ensete, Eragrostis abyssinica
    • History
      Early History
      In 1974 archaeologists excavating sites in the Awash River valley discovered 3.5-million-year- old fossil skeletons, is the oldest hominid to be uncovered
      Muslims invade their lands in 1527
      They become independent in 1543, defeating the Muslims
      1682, Iyasus I, or the Great, is crowned and modernizes Ethiopia.
      After death in 1706, Iyasus’s country is divided into separate regions.
      1936-41
      Italians invade Ethiopia
      Fought against the Axis during WWII and allied with Britain
      1974, Emperor Selassie establishes a socialistic rule
      His rule ended after the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) had rebelled against him from his bloody uprisings and wide spread droughts
      Modern
      A constitution was made in 1994, following Ethiopia’s first multiparty elections in 1995
      A border war with Eritrea ended with a peace treaty in 2000
    • Political
      Type of Government
      federal republic
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Chief of State President GirmaWoldegiorgis
      Head of Government Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
      Cabinet Council of Ministers
      Legislative
      House of Federation
      Judicial
      Federal Supreme Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement
      Exports
      $1.608 billion
      coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds
      Imports
      $7.315 billion
      food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles
      Economic Status
      Debt: $4.229 billion
      Major Trade Partners
      US, Germany, Swiss, Italy, China, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, India
      Trade Associations
      Confederation of Ethiopian Trade Unions (CETU)
    • Daily Life
      Not wealthy individuals
      Low cost of Living
      Literacy
      Total population: 42.7%
      Male: 50.3%
      Female: 35.1%
      Clothing
      Gabi-Shawl
      Coffee Dresses
      Gown/Overcoat
      Shirts
      Internet Usage
      .446%
    • Cultural
      Languages
      Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%
      Religions
      Christian 60.8% (Orthodox 50.6%, Protestant 10.2%), Muslim 32.8%, Traditional 4.6%, other 1.8%
      Foods
      Wat- thick stew
      Injera- sourdough flatbread
      No pork or shellfish
      Music and Dance
      Extremely Diverse
      80 ethnic groups
      Christian elements
      Muslim
      Folklore
    • Winter Olympics
      Robel Teklemariam
      15 kilometer freestyle
      Ranked 93
    • Conclusion
      Ethiopia has only 1 medical doctor per 100,000 people
      980,000 with HIV/AIDS
      67,0000 Died with HIV/AIDS
    • Djibouti
    • Country Description
      Size
      23,200 sq km
      Climate
      desert; torrid, dry
      Location
      Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia
      Population
      724,622
    • Geographic Features
      Land Regions
      coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Gulf of Tadjoura, Gulf of Aden, Red Sea, Lake Assai
      Fauna and Flora
      Camel, Djibouti Francolin, Platyceps aphaeresis
      Aloe, Euphorbia amicorum
    • History
      Early
      Recorded in poetry, songs, and folklore
      Trade with China, Egypt, and India
      Adopted Islam
      French ruled by the sultan of Raheita, until independence in 1977
      Modern
      Unrest among the Afars in the 1990s lead to civil war that ended in 2001 with peace between Afars and government
    • Political
      Type of Government
      Republic
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Chief of State: President Ismail Omar Guelleh
      Head of Government: Prime Minister Mohamed Dileita Dileita
      Cabinet: Council of Ministers
      Legislative
      Chamber of Deputies
      Judicial
      Supreme Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      construction, agricultural processing
      Exports
      $340 million
      Re exports, hides and skins, coffee
      Imports
      $1.555 billion
      foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products
      Economic Status
      Debt:$428 million
      Unemployment rate: 59%
      Major Trade Partners
      Somalia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, India, China, US, Malaysia
      Trade Associations
      None
    • Daily Life
      Standard of Living
      Very poor
      Unemployment at 59%
      42% of population below the poverty live
      Literacy
      Total population: 67.9%
      Male: 78%
      Female: 58.4%
      Clothing
      African dresses and clothing
      Macawiis -sarong-like garment worn around the waist
      Dirac- a long, light, sheer dress
      Internet Usage
      1.34 %
    • Cultural
      Religions
      Muslim 94%
      Christian 6%
      Languages
      French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
      Foods
      Many foods have influence with Arab and French culinary arts
      Fresh seafood, lamb, and meats
      Music
      Horn of Africa
      Afar and Arab Music
      Much of its countries history is written in poetry
      Lake Asal
      Great attraction for tourism
    • Winter Olympics
      Did not participate in Winter Olympics
    • Falkland Islands
    • Country Description
      Size
      12,173 sq km
      Climate
      cold marine; strong westerly winds, cloudy, humid; rain occurs on more than half of days in year
      Location
      Southern South America, islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina
      Population
      3,140
    • Geographic Features
      Land regions
      rocky, hilly, mountainous with some boggy, undulating plains
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Atlantic Ocean, Scotia Sea, Falkland Sound,
      Fauna and Flora
      Falkland Flightless Steamer Duck, Falkland Islands Wolf
      Hairy Daisy Erigeron incertus, Moore's Plantain Plantago moorei 
      Vacation tour
      Flaklands Islands Quest
    • History
      Early
      First sighted by a English navigator, John Davis, in 1592
      First landings occurred in 1690
      First settlement was French, not British, until 1764
      Turned over to Spain, but was disputed between Spain and British, later Argentina and British
      Modern
      April2, 1982- Argentina invade the islands.
      British sent in expeditionary forces that landed several weeks later and after fighting for a few months, Argentina surrendered on June 14, 1982
    • Political
      Type of Government
      British Dependent Territory
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II
      Head of Government: Governor Alan Huckle
      Cabinet: Executive Council
      Legislative
      Legislative Council
      Judicial
      Supreme Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      fish and wool processing; tourism
      Exports
      $125 million
      wool, hides, meat, fish, squid
      Imports
      $90 million
      fuel, food and drink, building materials, clothing
      Economic Status
      Debt-NA
      Major Trade Partners
      UK
      Trade Associations
      None
    • Daily Life
      Standard of Living
      Simple life
      Stable life and no unemployment
      Literacy
      NA
      Clothing
      Jeans, T’s, Modern Westernized clothing
      Internet Usage
      100%
    • Cultural
      Religions
      Christianity
      Customs
      Military Based Islands
      RAF(Royal Air Force)
      Foods
      tea with home made cake
      lamb, mutton, beef, trout and also garden vegetables
      Music and Dance
      Modern Music and Dances from British and American culture
      Places
      Stanley
    • Winter Olympics
      Did not participate in Winter Olympics
    • Falklands War
      April 2, 1982, Argentina invaded Falkland Islands
      British send expeditionary forces to retake the islands, which started the war
      Allied forces landed at San Carlos Water on 21 May
      Led to 655 Argentine and 255 British deaths
    • Sao Tome And Principe
    • Country Description
      Size
      964 sq km
      Climate
      tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season
      Location
      Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon
      Population
      212,679
    • Geographic Features
      Land Region
      volcanic, mountainous
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Gulf of Guinea
      Atlantic Ocean
      Fauna and Flora
      Dwarf Olive Ibis
      Maroon Pigeon
      Sao Tome Fiscal Shrike
      Begonia ampla
      Pandanusthomensis
      Begonia subalpestris
      Vacation Tours
      Pestana Sao Tome Ocean Resort
    • History
      Early
      Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century
      the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century
      independence was achieved in 1975
      Modern
      Held its first election in 1991, but had many waging of power within the government and resulted in two failed coup attempts in 1995 and 2003
      Recent discovery of oil within the Gulf of Guinea
    • Political
      Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
      Government Type
      Republic
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Chief of State: President FradiqueBandieraMelo De Menezes
      Head of Government: Prime Minister Joachim Rafael Branco
      Cabinet: Council of Ministers
      Legislative
      National Assembly
      Judicial
      Supreme Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber
      Exports
      $8 million
      Cocoa, copra, coffee, palm oil
      Imports
      $91 million
      machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products
      Economic Status
      Debt: $318 million
      Unemployment: NA%
      Major Trade Partners
      Japan, Belgium, Netherlands, Portugal
      Trade Associations
      European Union (EU)
    • Daily Life
      Standard of Living
      54% under the Poverty Line
      Low cost of living
      Third world country
      Literacy
      Total Population: 84.9%
      Male: 92.2%
      Female: 77.9%
      Clothing
      Lightweight Portuguese and African clothing
      Internet Usage
      15.4%
    • Cultural
      Traditions
      Both Portuguese and African
      Religions
      Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4%
      Foods
      Grilled fish and chicken
      Fried fish
      Cooked bananas
      Buzios(large land snails)
       Tropical fruit
      Music and Dance
      Tchiloli is a musical dance performance that tells a dramatic story.
      Danço-congo is similarly a combination of music, dance and theatre
      Unique Facts
      Arts
      PascoalViegasVilhete
      AlmadaNegreiros
      ViannadaMota
      representing rural life and forms in modern art
    • Winter Olympics
      Did not participate in Winter Olympics
    • Conclusion
      Currency
      Dobra
      Languages
      Portuguese
      Forro
      Angolar
      Principense
    • Cyprus
    • Country Description
      Size
      9,251 sq km
      Climate
      temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
      Location
      Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey
      Population
      1,084,748
    • Geographic Features
      Land Regions
      Central plain with mountains to north and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Mediterranean Sea
      Fauna
      Sea Turtles
      Mountain Ram
      Golden Oriole
      Flora
      Golden Oak
      Cyclamen
      Pink oleander
      Akamas Peninsula
      Many Turtles lay eggs and rest for summer
    • History
      Early
      Earliest recorded time of human activity in 10,000 BC as hunter-gatherers
      395, Became part of Eat Roman Empire
      In 1570, became under siege with an assault of 60,000 troops, which was brought under control by Ottoman empire
      Became under control by British in 1878
      Modern
      Became Independent on August 16, 1960
      Tension between Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority in 1963, brought uprisings, despite UN peacekeepers
      1983, The Turkish Cypriot Area declared itself the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
      2008, have held peace negotiations into reuniting the island
    • Political
      Republic of Cyprus
      Government Type
      Republic
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Chief of State and Head of Government President DemetrisChristofias
      Cabinet: Council of Ministers
      Legislative
      House of Representatives
      Judicial
      Supreme Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      tourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products
      Exports
      $1.135 billion
      citrus, potatoes, pharmaceuticals, cement, and clothing
      Imports
      $6.676 billion
      consumer goods, petroleum and lubricants, intermediate goods, machinery, transport equipment
      Economic Status
      Debt: $32.86 billion
      Unemployment: 4.8%
      Major Trade Partners
      Greece
      UK
      Germany
      Italy
      Israel
      Trade Associations
      IMF or International Monetary Fund
    • Daily Life
      Wealthy Standard of Living
      Well Built homes and buildings
      Literacy
      Total Population: 97.6%
      Male: 98.9%
      Female: 96.3%
      Clothing
      vrakas -a long black trouser worn with vests on top
      Sarkas- the local made skirt and blouse.
      Internet Usage
      38%
    • Cultural
      Customs
      Celebration
      Religious Festivals
      Midnight Mass on Christmas
      Carnivals and Parades
      Life of Foods and wine
      Religions
      Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%
      Foods
      Hellim cheese originated in Cyprus
      Seafood and fish dishes
      meat marinated in dried coriander
      seeds and wine
      lountza (smoked pork loin),
      charcoal-grilled lamb
      Music and Dance
      Folk music from Greece and Turkey
      Hip Hop
      Hardcore/Emo
      Reggae
      Arts
      Carved figures to be about 10,000 years old
    • Winter Olympics
      Christopher Papamichalopoulos -Men's slalom
      Disqualified
      Sophia Papamichalopoulos Women's slalom
      Ranked 53
    • Conclusion
      Currency
      Euro
      Languages
      Greek
      Turkish
    • Nepal
    • Country Description
      Size
      147,181 sq km
      Climate
      Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical summers and mild winters in south
      Location
      Southern Asia, between China and India
      Population
      28,563,377
    • Geographic Features
      Land Regions
      Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Kosi River
      Narayani River
      Kail River
      Karnali River
      Fauna
      Buffaloes
      Tigers
      Leopards
      Crocodiles
      Flora
      Sal
      Asna
      Elephant grass
      Special Points of Interest
      Mt. Everest
      Himalaya
      Vacation Tour
      Naturally Nepal
    • History
      Early
      People have found bones from 9,000 years ago
      1951, Ended a century old monarch and formed cabinet system government
      Modern
      1990, established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy.
      Extremist brake out of Maoists in 1996
      Ten-year civil war between insurgents and the government
      Mass protests in 2006
      Peace treaties and negotiations
      In August 2008, Maoist formed its first coalition government
      Later overruled by president to fire the chief of the army staff
    • Political
      Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
      Government Type
      Federal Democratic Republic
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Cabinet: Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist-Leninist, Nepali Congress
      Chief of State: President Ram BaranYadav
      Head of Government: Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal
      Legislative
      Constituent Assembly
      Judicial
      Supreme Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      Tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production
      Exports
      $907 million
      clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, pashima, jute goods
      Imports
      $3.626 billion
      petroleum products, machinery and equipment, gold, electrical goods, medicine
      Economic Status
      115th largest economy
      Debt: $4.5 billion
      Unemployment rate
      46%
      Major Trade Partners
      India
      US
      Bangladesh
      Germany
      China
      Trade Associations
      South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
    • Daily Life
      Standard of Living
      24.7%
      Low rate of living
      Poor areas
      Literacy
      Total Population: 48.6%
      Male: 62.7%
      Female: 34.9%
      Clothing
      Jackets
      Cotton shirts
      Trousers
      Woolen jackets
      Skirts
      Internet usage
      1.41%
    • Cultural
      Customs
      Taking off your shoes before entering a temple or home
      Pointing is considered bad
      Religions
      Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%
      Foods
      Dal is a spicy lentil soup, served over bhat (boiled rice)
      Chile
      Music and Dance
      The Newari Music orchestra consists mainly of percussion instruments such as flutes
      Lakhey dance- a drunken dance
      Done at least once a year
    • Winter Olympics
      Did not participate in Winter Olympics
    • Conclusion
      Mount Everest
      World Highest Mountain
      29,029 ft. above sea level
      May 29, 1953, On the ninth expedition to the top, Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay had reached the top of the summit at 11:30 a.m.
    • England
    • Country Description
      Size
      50,346 sq mi 
      Climate
      Damp relatively frequently and is subject to change
      Location
      Western Europe, northwest of France
      Population
      51,446,000
    • Geographic Features
      Land Regions
      mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      English Channel
      North Sea
      Irish Sea
      Celtic Sea
      Fauna
      gulls, oystercatchers, buntings
      grey seals
      squirrels, badgers, stags, deer, blue tits
      Flora
      beech trees
      shrub-hedged farmlands
      sea lavender
    • History
      Early
      In 55 BC, England is conquered by the Romans.
      9th century raids of Vikings in the century.
      In 1066, Guillaume the Conqueror is victorious in the Battle of Hastings
      From 1337 to 1453 the Hundred Years war takes place.
      In 1563, Anglicanism is instituted by a confession of faith.
      In 1666, a fire destroys most of London’s buildings
      July4, 1776 America declared independence and won independence on 1783 after signing the Treaty of Paris
      In 1876, Queen Victoria is proclaimed empress of India.
      Modern
      In 1914 and 1939, the British government allies with France in the war against Germany in WWI
      1939, Britain declares war on Germany along with France
      In 1947, England declares the independence of India and Pakistan.
      In 1994, the Channel tunnel is opened
      In 1997, The Labour Party led by Tony Blair wins elections.
      In 1997, Princess Diana Spencer dies in a car accident.
    • Political
      Parliament of the United Kingdom
      Type of Government
      constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
      Leaders of Government
      Queen: Elizabeth II
      Prime Minister of the United Kingdom: Gordon Brown
    • Economy
      Industry
      machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods
      Exports
      $351.3 billion
      manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco
      Imports
      $473.6 billion
      manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs
      Economic Status
      Debt: $9.088 trillion
      Unemployment: 8%
      Major Trade Partners
      US Germany Netherlands France Ireland Belgium Spain
      Trade Associations
      CCTA Consumer Credit Trade Association
    • Daily Life
      Houses are expensive
      First-World Country
      Literacy
      Total population: 99%
      Clothing
      Suits
      Dresses
      Modern Clothing
      Internet Usage
      79.4%
    • Cultural
      Customs
      Drinking Tea
      Bowler hats
      Soccer
      Religions
      Christian 71.6%
      Muslim 2.7%
      Hindu 1%
      Foods
      Fish and Chips
      Pie
      Sandwish
      Tea
      Wine and Coffee
      Music and Dance
      Rock
      Hip Hop
      R&B
      Pop
      Morris Dances- folklore dancing
      Double Decker buses
      1,000 buses
      Custom Red colored
    • Winter Olympics
      Amy Williams
      Women’s Skeleton
      1st Place Gold
    • Sports
      Cricket
      Played in the 16th Century
      Bat-and-ball team sport
      11 Players
      Equipment
      Cricket ball, cricket bat,
      wicket: stumps, bails
    • Conclusion
      Capital
      London
      Language
      English
      Rock N’ Roll
      The Beatles
      Rolling Stones
      Led Zeppelin
    • Egypt
    • Country Description
      Size
      1,001,450 sq km
      Climate
      desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters
      Location
      Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula
      Population
      78,866,635
    • Geographic Features
      Land Regions
      vast desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Mediterranean Sea, Lake Nasser, Nile River, Suez Canal, Red Sea
      Fauna
      Camel
      Donkey
      Ox
      Sheep
      Pig
      Flora
      Sycamore
      Acacia nilotica
      Tamarisk
      Places of Interest
      Suez Canal
      Alexandria
      Cairo
    • History
      Early
      Many people flooded to the area of water from the Nile and of its riches
      First time this country was unified is about 3200 B.C.
      Ruled by many Dynasties for three thousand years
      Had war and fell to the Persian Dynastyin 341 B.C.
      In the 7th Century Islam was first introduced and had ruled the people for the next six centuries
      Ottoman Empire had controlled the land in 1517
      Suez Canal was completed on 1869
      Britain gained control in 1882
      Modern
      Had gained partial independence in 1922
      On WWII begin they had allied with Americans and British forces to stop Nazis Germany from controlling all of North Africa
      In 1952, Egypt had finally gotten full sovereignty as they overthrew the monarchy setup there
      Now, is the largest population in the Arab world
    • Political
      Arab Republic of Egypt
      Type of Government
      Republic
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Chief of State: President Mohamed Hosni Mubarak
      Head of Government: Prime Minister Ahmed Mohamed Nazif
      Cabinet: Cabinet
      Legislative
      Advisory Council
      Judicial
      Supreme Constitutional Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures
      Exports
      $22.91 billion
      crude oil and petroleum products, cotton, textiles, metal products, chemicals, processed food
      Imports
      $43.98 billion
      machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, wood products, fuels
      Economic Status
      Debt: $28.45 billion
      Unemployment rate
      9.7%
      Major Trade Partners
      Italy, Germany, US, Spain, India, Syria, China
      Trade Associations
      Orascomgroup
    • Daily Life
      Standard of Living
      20% Below Poverty Line
      Well-balanced Country
      Most parts aren’t habitual
      Literacy
      Total Population: 71.4%
      Male: 83%
      Female: 59.4%
      Clothing
      Galabya- cotton robes
      Fez Hat
      Vest
      Internet Usage
      15.4%
    • Culture
      Customs
      Heavily influenced by Egyptian literature, music, Film and television
      Modern Western culture
      Religions
      Muslim 90%, Coptic 9%, Christian 1%
      Foods
      Kebab
      Fulmedames
      Kushari
      Music and Dance
      Mamba-most popular in Cairo
      Harps and Flutes played in 4000 BC
      Pop Music
      Belly Dance-or RaqsSharqi
    • Winter Olympics
      Did not participate in Winter Olympics
    • Conclusion
      Pyramids of Giza
      Part as the Seven wonders of the World
      Pyramid of Khufu
      Largest of the Three Pyramids in the Giza Region
      Built for the fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu
      Constructed over a 20-year period
      Pyramid of Khafre
      Built by Khafre’s, father Khufu
      Second Largest pyramid
      Pyramid of Menkaure
      Serve as the tomb of the Pharaoh Menkaure
      Completed 26th Century BC
    • Austria
    • Country Description
      Size
      83,871 sq km
      Climate
      temperate; continental, cloudy; cold winters with frequent rain and some snow in lowlands and snow in mountains; moderate summers with occasional showers
      Location
      Central Europe, north of Italy and Slovenia
      Population
      8,210,281
    • Geographic Features
      Land Regions
      west and south mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins mostly flat or gently sloping
      Rivers, Lakes, Oceans
      Gulf of Vienna
      Danube River
      Fauna
      Geese
      Harrows
      Falcons
      Eagle
      Flora
      Beech Tree
      Conifers
      Special Places
      Alps
    • History
      Early
      Had been controlled by Celtics before pre-Roman times
      After the fall of the Romans they were invaded by Bavarians, Slavs, and Avars
      Ruled by the Habsburgs
      Battle of Vienna broke Ottoman Empire’s advance toward Europein 1683
      Archduke Ferdinand of Austria had been assassinated in 1914
      This led to war with Serbia and allied troops
      One million Austro-Hungarian soldiers died in WWI
      As a result they had their country split into Austria and Hungary
      Modern
      Austria had than joined Hitler and the Nazi party for WWII against Allied forces once again
      They had lost and had their lands split again
      Austria had than split form any control of Germany by the State Treaty in 1955
      Had joined the European Union in 1995
      Now has a seat on the UN security Council
    • Political
      Republic of Austria
      Type of Government
      Federal Republic
      Government Leaders
      Executive
      Chief of State President Heinz Fischer
      Head of Government: Chancellor Werner Faymann
      Cabinet: Council of Ministers
      Legislative
      Federal Assembly
      Judicial
      Supreme Judicial Court
    • Economy
      Industry
      Construction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism
      Exports
      $129 billion
      Machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, paper and paperboard, metal goods, chemicals, iron and steel, textiles, foodstuffs
      Imports
      $136 billion
      Machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, chemicals, metal goods, oil and oil products; foodstuffs
      Economic Status
      Debt: $808.9 billion
      Unemployment rate: 4.7%
      Major Trade Partners
      Germany, US, Italy, Swiss, Netherlands
      Trade Associations
      Austrian Federal Economic Chamber
    • Daily Life
      Standard of Living
      12th richest country in the world
      High living cost
      Literacy
      Total Population: 98%
      Clothing
      Trousers made of leather
      Jackets
      Formal dresses
      Internet Usage
      59.3%
    • Cultural
      Customs
      Famous music composers
      Environmental forms of Art
      Religions
      Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%
      Foods
      Influenced by Czech, Italian, Balkan, French and Hungarian
      Wiener Schnitzel
      Kaiserschmarrn
      Music and Dance
      Famous composers
      Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
      Michael Haydn
      Classical music
      Unique Places
      Vienna
      Salzburg
    • Winter Olympics
      Total Medal Count 16
      Snowboard Men's Parallel Giant Slalom Benjamin Karl
      Bronze Snowboard Women's Parallel Giant Slalom Marion Kreiner
      Silver Alpine Skiing Women's Slalom MarliesSchild
      Silver Biathlon Men's 4x7.5 km Relay Simon Eder, Daniel Mesotitsch, DominikLandertinger, ChristophSumann
      Bronze Nordic Combined Individual Large Hill/10 km CC Bernhard Gruber
      Bronze Alpine Skiing Women's Giant Slalom Elisabeth Goergl
      Gold Nordic Combined Team/4x5 km CC Bernhard Gruber, David Kreiner, Felix Gottwald, Mario Stecher
      Gold Ski Jumping Team Andreas Kofler, Wolfgang Loitzl, Thomas Morgenstern, GregorSchlierenzauer
      Silver Freestyle Skiing Men's Ski Cross Andreas Matt
      Bronze Ski Jumping LH Individual GregorSchlierenzauer
      Gold Alpine Skiing Women's Super-G Andrea Fischbacher
      Gold Luge Doubles Wolfgang Linger, Andreas Linger
      Bronze Alpine Skiing Women's Downhill Elisabeth Goergl
      Silver Luge Women's Singles Nina Reithmayer
      Silver Biathlon Men's 12.5 km Pursuit ChristophSumann
      Bronze Ski Jumping NH Individual GregorSchlierenzauer 
    • Conclusion
      Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
      600 works composed
      Born January 27, 1756
      Spent his childhood in Salzburg
      Learned his art of music from others
      Famous Music
      Requiem Mass