Chinese And Greek Myths


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HKBU, Contemporary Europe and Asia, POLS 3620

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Chinese And Greek Myths

  1. 1. Chinese and Greek Myths TJHIN Tsz Ching Lorraine 06006396 WANG Shuo Sylvia 07051301
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Definition of myths </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of the World </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Version </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greek Version </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comparison of Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Summary and conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of myths <ul><li>Events or stories took place in the beginning of human evolution </li></ul><ul><li>The view of the world of an ethnic group </li></ul><ul><li>Supplementary explanations are historical features </li></ul>
  4. 4. Creation of the World: Chinese Version
  5. 5. Creation of the world: Pangu ( 盤古 ) <ul><li>《 三五歷記 》 </li></ul><ul><li>World shaped like an egg, chaos inside </li></ul><ul><li>Pangu grows for 18000 years -> use an axe to separate the sky and earth </li></ul><ul><li>When Pangu died: </li></ul><ul><li>Breath -> wind and clouds </li></ul><ul><li>Voice -> lighting and thunder </li></ul><ul><li>Left eye -> the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Right eye -> the moon </li></ul><ul><li>Limbs -> mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Blood -> rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle -> fields </li></ul><ul><li>Hair -> stars </li></ul><ul><li>Skin -> plants </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth and bones -> stone and minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Sweat -> rain </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reparation of World: Nüwa ( 女媧 ) <ul><li>《史記 · 補三皇本紀》 </li></ul><ul><li>Wars between Zhurong ( 祝融, God of Fire) and Gonggong ( 共工, God of Flood) </li></ul><ul><li>Gonggong defeated -> crash in Mount Buzhou ( 不周山, a pillar upholding the sky) -> collapse of sky -> world disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Nüwa: cut off the legs of a giant tortoise and used them to supplant the fallen pillar; use stone of 5 colors to reseal the broken sky </li></ul>
  7. 7. Creation of Man: Nüwa ( 女媧 ) <ul><li>Lonely in the world -> using rattan and mud from the Yellow River ( 黃河, Huanghe) to create human-beings </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance of man as her reflection seen in the river -> Man looks like gods </li></ul>
  8. 8. Houyi ( 后羿 ) shoots the suns <ul><li>10 suns on the sky in ancient time </li></ul><ul><li>Too hot, crops unable to growth </li></ul><ul><li>Houyi was sent from the heaven to shoot 9 suns down </li></ul>
  9. 10. Gaeo Uranus 12 Titan Gods Olympian Gods 3 Cyclopes 3 Hecatoncheires
  10. 11. <ul><li>Human beings are all created by Prometheus </li></ul><ul><li>Well known for his generous help to human kind </li></ul><ul><li>Stole fire from Zeus and gave it to human beings </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Punished by Zeus: </li></ul><ul><li>Bound to a rock while a great eagle ate his liver every day, but it has to grow back to be eaten again the next day </li></ul><ul><li>Playing a vital role in the early history of humankind </li></ul>
  12. 13. Comparison of Characters
  13. 14. Leader of Gods Jade Emperor / Yu Di ( 玉皇大帝 ) Zeus Appearance <ul><li>Dressed like a typical Chinese Emperor </li></ul><ul><li>A Taoist </li></ul><ul><li>Strong man </li></ul><ul><li>With thunderbolt, eagle, bull, and oak </li></ul>Personality Strict morality Lustful Power <ul><li>Ruler of heaven, hell and human world </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme power </li></ul><ul><li>Ruler of Sky and Mount Olympus </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme power on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Thunderbolt as a powerful weapon </li></ul>
  14. 15. Goddess of women Queen Mother of the West ( 西王母 ) Hera Appearance Beautiful <ul><li>Beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>With a crown and pomegranate </li></ul>Personality Noble, gentle Jealous and vengeful Power Owner of peaches of immortality Second to Zeus
  15. 16. God of love Old man under the moon ( 月下老人 / 月老 ) Younger Eros Appearance <ul><li>Old man </li></ul><ul><li>With red string </li></ul><ul><li>Often related to the moon </li></ul><ul><li>Winged little boy </li></ul><ul><li>With bow and arrows </li></ul>Personality Kind Naughty Power Use red string to tie up couples Shoot arrows into people’s heart to inspire love and hate
  16. 17. God of Underworld Yama ( 閻王 ) Hades Appearance With a book listing the life expectancy of all human-kinds <ul><li>handsome but feared by the others </li></ul>Personality Fair, incorruptible and intelligent Dark and morbid Power <ul><li>Judge of the death: </li></ul><ul><li>- The villains: punishment in the Hell </li></ul><ul><li>- The well-doers: sends back to life, or appoints as gods </li></ul>God of the underworld
  17. 18. God of Sea Dragon Kings ( 龍王 ) Poseidon Appearance <ul><li>4 Dragons </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to transform into human form </li></ul><ul><li>With three-pronged fish spears </li></ul><ul><li>Rides a chariot pulled by a hippocampus or by horses </li></ul>Personality Strict and sereve Lustful, hot tempered Power <ul><li>God of precipitation </li></ul><ul><li>Soldiers: crabs and shrimps </li></ul><ul><li>God of the sea </li></ul><ul><li>“ Earth-shaker” </li></ul>
  18. 19. Messenger of Gods Tai bai jin xing ( 太白金星 ) Hermes Appearance Old man with a child face An athletic youth Personality Decent, sincere and kind Cunning and shrewd Power Supervisor of the world of mortals <ul><li>Guide to the underworld </li></ul><ul><li>God of shepherds, land travel, merchants, weights and measures, oratory, literature, athletics and thieves </li></ul>
  19. 20. Summary Chinese Myths Greek Myths Birth of God <ul><li>Human can become gods if he has a good personality </li></ul><ul><li>By sexual intercourse between gods </li></ul>Blood linkage <ul><li>Blood linkage is not common between gods and goddess </li></ul><ul><li>Strong blood ties between gods and goddess </li></ul>Relations between each myth <ul><li>Vague relations </li></ul><ul><li>Clear and systematic relations </li></ul>Personality of God <ul><li>Emphasis on good morality and divinity </li></ul><ul><li>Gods are humanly described, often with negative personalities like envy, greedy… </li></ul>
  20. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>Different region -> different habits -> different wishes and demands -> different sprits -> differences in images of god -> different myths </li></ul>