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Nordic Viking Literature


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  • 1. Transitions and Reappearing themes throughout Literature in Scandinavia
  • 2. Overview
    Where Literature historically began
    How Scandinavian countries have become dominant in Education/Literature both do to cultural bonds, European Influence and strive for economic dominance
    How even though great advancement has been made historical and traditional cultural aspects still greatly influence literature
    Look at three 20thCentury authors illustrating Viking themes in literature: Frans Gunnar Bengtsson, Sigrid Undset, Johannes V. Jensen
  • 3. History of Literature In Scandinavia
    Sami and the Finn into orally depicted stories little is know of their earlier literature
    Viking Age period 750-1250 Runic Inscriptions and Eddic Poems were a common source of Influence on society
    Runic Inscriptions are seen greatly in the depiction of a memorial to the family members
    As Christianization of the ‘Barbaric’ Pagans took place you see the widespread use of Latin
    From this large scale spread of various written language
  • 4. The Newer FuþarkViking Age Runic Alphabet
  • 5. Images of Ancient Runes
  • 6. Runic Translation
    stain sasiiassatraiftirsibakuþa sun fultarsinhansliþi sati at utausaiþ
    ‘This stone is placed in memory of Sibbe the Good, son of Foldar. And his followers placed on the island this (memorial) of death.'
  • 7. Progression Into Modern Life
  • 8. CIA ranking of Literacy Rates
    Sweden + Denmark
    Defined as “age 15 and over can read and write”
    Male literacy rate is 99%
    Female Literacy rate is 99%
    99% of the total population is literate
    Defined as “age 15 and over can read and write”
    Male literacy rate is 100%
    Female Literacy rate is 100%
    100% of the total population is literate
  • 9. Nobel Prizes
    In the period of 1901-2009 Sweden has received 31 Nobel Prizes
    7 of the 31 were in literature
    Ranked # 7 overall in most Nobel Prizes per Country
    In the period of 1901-2009 Denmark has received 13 Nobel Prizes
    3 of the 13 were in literature
    Ranked # 11
    In the period of 1901-2009 Norway has received 9 Nobel Prizes
    3 of the 9 were in literature
    Ranked #14
  • 10. What HDI is
    The HDI combines three dimensions
    Life expectancy at birth, as an index of population health and longevity
    Knowledge and Education as measured by the adult literacy rate (with two thirds weighting) and the combined primary, secondary, and tertiary gross enrollment ratio (with one third weighting)
    Standard of living, as measured by the natural logarithm of gross domestic product per capita at purchasing power parity
  • 11. HDI Results for 2009
    Ranked 1 in the Human Development Report 2009 – HDI Rankings
    Ranked 7 in the Human Development Report 2009 – HDI Rankings
    Ranked 16 in the Human Development Report 2009 – HDI Rankings
  • 12. Swedish, Danish and Norwegian Universities
    University of Copenhagen #48 Best Universities-- #51 in US News
    University of Aarhus #81 Best Universities-- #63 US News
    Uppsala University ranked #63 Best Universities-- #75 in US News
    Lund University ranked #88 Best Universities-- #67 in US News
    University of Bergen
  • 13. University of Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 14. University of Aarus, Denmark
  • 15. UPPSALA University, Sweden
  • 16. Lund University, Sweden
  • 17. University of Bergen, Norway
  • 18. National Library
    Sweden, Norway, and Denmark all have national Libraries
    These libraries hold very historical materials from throughout the centuries
    Often like in the US national library many of the pieces are only to be analyzed and studied by technicians specially appointed by the government
  • 19. National Library of Sweden
  • 20. The Royal LibraryCopenhagen, Denmark
  • 21. National Library of Norway
  • 22. 20thCentury Authors Illustrating Viking Style Influence
  • 23. Frans Gunnar Bengtsson
    Swedish writer born in Tossjo in 1864 and died in Vastergotland in 1954
    He is known as a poet and novelist
    He was highly influenced by Viking society, but he took a contemporary approach in his books, writing about the Fictional Viking age
    Famous for The Long Ships Saga of the Viking Age
    This book (known as "RødeOrm" in its original Swedish) is a great romp through theVikingworld, written in a sometimes humorous though always engaging saga style, combining intelligent humor and bold adventure in equal measures. Set in the height of Viking Age, it tells us how Red Orm is kidnapped by a band of marauding Vikings, then serves as a slave on a Moorish ship, becomes a mercenary among the Muslims, and finally ends up as a marauder in England
  • 24. Frans Gunnar Bengtsson
  • 25. Sigrid Undset
    She was a Norwegian Novelist born in Kalundborg, Denmark (20 May 1882-10 June 1949)
    Undset was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in Literature in 1928
    Sigrid is most well known for her work Kristin Lavransdatter
    This book was a modernist trilogy about life in Scandinavia in the Middle Ages which portrays the life of woman from birth until death
    She also published the novel Gunnar’s Daughter a Fictional novel relating to Old Norse society
    This novel's central character is VigdisGunnarsdatter, who is raped and delivers an illegitimate child. Vigdis schemes and broods and plots for her revenge on Viga-Ljot, and, as in many Old Norse sagas, her desire for vengeance damages both Vigdis and those around her.
  • 26. Sigrid Undset
  • 27. Johannes V. Jensen
    (January 20, 1873- November 25, 1950) He was born in Farso a village in North Jutland, Denmark
    He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1944
    His masterpiece was Kongens Fald(The Fall of the King)
    This was a modern historical novel centered around King Christian II and his characteristically Danish hesitancy and failures to act
    He also wrote a series of six novels Den langerejse(The Long Journey)
    This is often considered his main work in prose, a daring and often impressive attempt to create a Darwinian alternative to the Biblical Genesis myth. In this work we see the development of mankind from the Ice Age to the times of Columbus, focusing on pioneering individuals including Viking age development and society
  • 28. Johannes V. Jensen
  • 29. Questions & Refrencesøeg