Frederick The Great


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Frederick The Great

  1. 1. Frederick the Great By: Nick and Kishan
  2. 2. Frederick the Great’s Childhood <ul><li>Born January 24, 1712 </li></ul><ul><li>As a child Frederick had a disciplined life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had intense military training and a rigid education system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At age 18, Frederick tried to escape from his father, and join the court of his uncle George II, of England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frederick was seized and put under arrest for treason </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After being released due to a royal pardon, Frederick continued his disciplined life style </li></ul>
  3. 3. Frederick the Great’s Reign as King <ul><li>On June 12, 1733, at age twenty-one, Frederick married Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick - Beverin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The two did not have much in common and communicated scarcely </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1740, Frederick the Great secured the throne of Prussia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the time he took the throne, Frederick’s main goal was to unite and modernize Prussia </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Frederick the Great’s Reign as King (continued) <ul><li>Towards the end of Frederick II’s reign as king, Frederick started focusing more on music and philosophy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As he wanted to create a more enlightened country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frederick also found time to write many different essays, dealing with his political reign </li></ul><ul><li>Frederick died August 17, 1786, and left Prussia as a major power of Europe </li></ul>
  5. 5. War of Austrian Succession <ul><li>Much of Frederick's early reign dealt with expanding Prussia’s borders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frederick saw Austria as a perfect way to expand his country </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He offered Austria protection, in return they cede Silesia to Prussia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria denied the offer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frederick then ordered an attack on Silesia, beginning the War of the Austrian Succession </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This lead to the acquisition of Silesia to Prussia </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Seven Years’ War <ul><li>After the War of the Austrian Succession, two main treaties were created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Westminster, which created peace with Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The other treaty created the continental alliance of Austria, Russia, France, and Saxony </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frederick felt he was going to be annihilated by the alliance, so he attacked Austria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating the Seven Years’ War </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Seven Years’ War (continued) <ul><li>Frederick the Great exemplified his great military leadership, and took on his enemy one by one </li></ul><ul><li>Frederick soon reached bankruptcy, but had help from Peter III of Russia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter III called off the attack on Prussia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thus inducing the peace of Hubertusberg, which restored balance upon the powers of Europe </li></ul>
  8. 8. Enlightened Despot <ul><li>After the near destruction of Prussia in the Seven Years’ War, Frederick started applying more enlightened values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through applying more enlightened values, Frederick created a better life for his people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He granted religious and philosophical tolerance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promoted knowledge through school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Frederick also used his legal system to accomplish many of his goals </li></ul>
  9. 9. Work Cited <ul><li>Flag of Prussia . Photograph. 22 Feb. 2009 <      File:Flag_of_Prussia_1892-1918.svg>. </li></ul><ul><li>Schlesinger, M. Frederick the Great . 1987. Ed. Remmel T. Nunn. N.p.: Chelsea      House Publishers, n.d. </li></ul>