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The Great Rift Valley



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  • 1. The Great Rift Valley By: Anthony SanFilippo
  • 2. Why The Great Rift Valley Is Important To Me
    • The Great Rift Valley is important to me because it is one of the world’s most known natural landmarks, and has some key effects on Africa.
  • 3. My Essential Question How has the Great Rift Valley effected Africa as a home to animals and humans?
  • 4. My Burning Questions
    • 1. How long has it been around?
    • 2. Is it currently a major road block/
    • 3. How well do animals live together there?
    • 4. How has human-environment interaction effected it?
    • 5. How do humans live with the rift valley.
  • 5. What I already knew about the Great Rift Valley
    • Before researching, I knew two things about the Great Rift Valley.
    • I knew that it was formed from a divergent plate boundary in Africa.
    • I also knew it will eventually break the continent of Africa into two.
  • 6. My Research
  • 7. The Great Rift Valley Profile
    • Age: about 20 million years old
    • Length: about 6,000 miles long
    • Width: 30-100 km
    • Height: hundreds of feet below sea level-6,232 feet
  • 8. How It Got Here
    • The Great Rift Valley formed millions of years ago.
    • It was formed from the divergent plate boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate.
  • 9. What The Land Is Like There
    • The Great Rift Valley has a diverse landscape.
    • It has parts where there is fertile farmland for farmers.
    • It has flat arid plains where animals can graze.
    • It has places where there is an uninhabitable desert.
    • It also has steep escarpments (some 6,000 feet high).
  • 10. Volcanic Activity
    • The Great Rift Valley has lots of volcanic activity in its area.
    • It is home to 30 active or dormant volcanoes including Mount Kilimanjaro (pictured on the left).
    • It is also home to hundreds of hot springs.
    • Almost all of those “volcanics” thanks to it.
  • 11. Lakes
    • The Great Rift Valley is home to hundreds of lakes.
    • These lakes are formed from water coming into the Great Rift Valley from the Indian Mid-ocean Ridge (they are connected).
    • The lowest point of the Great Rift Valley lays at the bottom of Lake Turkana.
  • 12. Special Lakes
    • The Great Rift Valley has many special lakes of highly concentration of sodium chloride.
    • Fish thrive in these waters.
    • Birds have been attracted to these lakes for their abundance of fish.
  • 13. The “Fork”
    • The Great Rift Valley is split into two rifts at one point (Western and Eastern Rift).
    • The most notable rift is the Western Rift.
    • The Western Rift has high mountains and deep lakes.
    • It is also home to the first watersheds of the Nile.
  • 14. Human Entertainment
    • Humans have been active in the national parks around the valley.
    • We have been able to go hiking, rock climbing, mountain biking, and hunting (constricted).
    • Thanks to scenic views, we are also able to go sightseeing.
  • 15. After Research
  • 16. What Was Most Interesting
    • From my research, I thought that the diversity of the landscape was most suprising.
  • 17. Questions I Still Have
    • Is the Great Rift Valley currently a major roadblock?
    • How have humans lived there?
    • Is the breaking up of Africa a big deal?
    • What is the Eastern Rift like?
  • 18. Works Cited Research
    • http://earth.imagico.de/view.php?site=eafrica
    • http:// www.jambokenya.com/jambo/location/rvalley.htm
    • www.ngorongoro.com
    • www.bushcamp.com
    • http://travelspedia.com
    • www.travour.com
  • 19. Works Cited Pictures
    • http://knol.google.com/k/-/-/14j3i4hyjvi88/4xyu74/great-rift-valley%20(1).jpg
    • http://www.indiana.edu/~g105lab/images/gaia_chapter_13/africa_rift.gif
    • http://www.tanzaweb.demonweb.co.uk/picha/kilima.jpg
    • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2a/Andean_Flamingos_Laguna_Colorada_Bolivia_Luca_Galuzzi_2006.jpg
    • www.climb365.net