2 Getting To Know Your Programing Environment

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Getting to know your programing environment

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2 Getting To Know Your Programing Environment

  1. 1. Getting to know your Programming Environment
  2. 2. Objectives At the end of the lesson, the student should be able to: ● Create a Java program using text editor and console in the Linux, Solaris, Windows, Mac OS, or any other OS environment ● Differentiate between syntax-errors and runtime errors ● Create a Java program using NetBeans
  3. 3. Definitions ● Console – This is where you type in commands – Examples are Terminal (Linux), MSDOS Command Prompt (Windows)
  4. 4. Definitions ● Text Editor – Examples: Notepad, Wordpad, Vi
  5. 5. Definitions ● Integrated Development Environment or IDE – a programming environment integrated into a software application that provides a GUI builder, a text or code editor, a compiler and/or interpreter and a debugger.
  6. 6. My First Java Program 1 public class Hello { 2 3 /** 4 * My first Java program 5 */ 6 public static void main( String[] args ){ 7 8 //prints the string “Hello world” on screen 9 System.out.println(“Hello world”); 10 11 } 12 }
  7. 7. Using Text Editor and Console ● Step 1: Start the Text Editor – To start the Text Editor in Linux, click on Menu-> Accessories-> Text Editor ● Step 2: Open Terminal – To open Terminal in Linux, click on Menu-> System Tools-> Terminal ● Step 3: Write your the source code of your Java program in the Text Editor
  8. 8. Using Text Editor and Console ● Step 4: Save your Java Program – Filename: Hello.java – Folder name: myjavaprograms – To open the Save dialog box, click on the File menu found on the menubar and then click on Save. – If the folder myjavaprograms does not exist yet, create the folder
  9. 9. Using Text Editor and Console ● Step 5: Compiling your program – Go to the Terminal window – Go to the folder myjavaprograms where you saved the program – To compile a Java program, we type in the command: javac [filename] – So in this case, type in: javac Hello.java During compilation, javac adds a file to the disk called [filename].class, or in this case, Hello.class, which is the actual bytecode.
  10. 10. Using Text Editor and Console ● Step 6: Running the Program – To run your Java program, type in the command: java [filename without the extension] – so in the case of our example, type in: java Hello – You can see on the screen after running the program: "Hello world!"
  11. 11. Using NetBeans IDE
  12. 12. Using NetBeans IDE
  13. 13. Using NetBeans IDE
  14. 14. Using NetBeans IDE
  15. 15. Using NetBeans IDE
  16. 16. Using NetBeans IDE
  17. 17. Using NetBeans IDE
  18. 18. 1.What is the name of the package here? 2.Can we create program without package? 3.What is the name of class? 4.What is the difference between class and Class? 5. we are writing main() method to execute program. why not other name like m1()? 6.Can we write more than one main() method ? 7.Why main() method is public? 8.Why main() method is static? 9.Can we write main() method with different argument? Quiz :
  19. 19. 6.Can we write more than one main() method in a class ? 7.Why main() method is public? 8.Why main() method is static? 9.Can we write main() method with different argument? Quiz :
  20. 20. 1.What is the name of the package here? 2.Can we create program without package? 3.What is the name of class? 4.What is the difference between class and Class? 5. we are writing main() method to execute program. why not other name like m1()? 6.Can we write more than one main() method ? 7.Why main() method is public? 8.Why main() method is static? 9.Can we write main() method with different argument? Quiz :
  21. 21. 1.What is the name of the package here? 2.Can we create program without package? 3.What is the name of class? 4.What is the difference between class and Class? 5. we are writing main() method to execute program. why not other name like m1()? 6.Can we write more than one main() method ? 7.Why main() method is public? 8.Why main() method is static? 9.Can we write main() method with different argument? Quiz :
  22. 22. Errors : Syntax Errors ● Syntax Errors Syntax – errors are usually typing errors ● Common Syntax Errors: – misspelled a command in Java – forgot to write a semi-colon at the end of a statement
  23. 23. Example: Syntax Error
  24. 24. Example: Syntax Error
  25. 25. About main() method Calling non-static method from main() : Syntax Error
  26. 26. About main() method Calling static method :Correct Syntax
  27. 27. About main() method In different flavor :Type 1
  28. 28. About main() method In different flavor :Type 2
  29. 29. About main() method In different flavor :Type 3
  30. 30. About main() method Type 1:Runtime error
  31. 31. About main() method Type 1a:Runtime error
  32. 32. About main() method Type 1b:Runtime error
  33. 33. About main() method Type 2:Runtime error
  34. 34. About main() method Type 2a:Runtime error
  35. 35. About main() method Type 3:Runtime error (without static)
  36. 36. About main() method Type 4:Runtime error (without “public” i.e “default” modifier )
  37. 37. About main() method Type 4a:Runtime error (should use “public” modifier)
  38. 38. About main() method Type 5:Runtime error (return type should be “void”)
  39. 39. Errors: Runtime Errors ● Run-time Errors – errors that will not display until you run or execute your program – Even programs that compile successfully may display wrong answers if the programmer has not thought through the logical processes and structures of the program. – Examples: ● You want your program to print 100 strings of “Hello world”, but it only printed 99. ● Your program gets an input from the
  40. 40. Summary ● My First Java Program ● Using a Text Editor and Console – Write program – Compile program – Run program ● Errors – Syntax Errors – Runtime Errors

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