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  • I could’ve looked into.. (insert a few clinical correlations) However, I wanted to offer a different perspective on anatomy. I was interested in how we’ve learned this information, how we’ve managed to acquire this set of skills how we’ve come so far, and how much further we can go-
  • Though dissection is the key component, the knowledge necessary to apply it to the cadaver came from activity outside the lab- Using resources from Medical Illustration and personal renderings, students can achieve a greater understanding of form and function – good example of this is a fellow grad student who also uses her artistic ability to illustrate the structures seen in lab, through art Haley ( I mean, my fellow grad student) can successfully visualize anatomy rather than memorization alone- leading to sound anatomical understanding
  • The enlightenment (reason was the primary source of legitimacy) This section I’ll discuss the elevation in cadaver demand even though bodies were scarce and laws were harsh- the search for scientific enlightenment sparked the exploration into the human body- to uncover the mystery of ourselves (and our souls- seeking religious clarification- the brain) - searching for advancement in science and medicine- artistic renderings were used to further anatomical understandings- artist and anatomist were often separate labels for the same individual – Guido Da Vigevano (student of Mondino de Luizzi) and Andreas Vesalius- dissemination of anatomical knowledge began to unfurl
  • DaVinci-Rembrandt-Michelangelo (their contributions as artists as well as anatomists)
  • Rise of medical illustration- … the recent: Max Brodel (1911 first academic department for medical illustration), Frank Netter
  • (1537, 1543, 2006)Science is not meant to be an inward looking discipline, the work and knowledge produced is intended to benefit society and encourage advancement. (Science Communication) Public viewSignify importance of realism and accuracy through cadaver dissection-Artistic ability and visual demonstration advance societal knowledge through media and other public forms of education
  • -artistic ability combined with digital imagingProduce interactive and realistic models beneficial for the general populace through public forums as well as specialized knowledge within medical and scientific education-Institutions debating the necessity of cadaver dissection-use of illustration and virtual models supplement continued cadaver experience-accepting of and ready for a blending of mediums
  • Highlight the advancement of medical illustration and supplemental visual aides which contribute to further reinforcing anatomical knowledge, not only in addition to but in conjunction with cadaver dissection, in order to offer a higher level training for students to become professionals


  • 1. Anatomical Instruction through Medical Illustration
    Amy Martiny
    Department of Sociology and Anthropology
  • 2. The Research
    Medical Sociology
    In training – content and research
    The effects of human dissection
    Anatomical Pedagogy
    Psychological impact
    Peer and Authoritative influences
    Auto-ethnographical element
    Benefit of learning anatomy/
    anatomical instruction
  • 3. Brachial Plexus
  • 4. Combination of Methods:
    • Dissection
    • 5. Visual Aides
    • 6. Personal Renderings
  • Illustrative Origins
    The Renaissance
    Beneficial Relationship
    Accuracy Scientific representation
  • 7. Artists as Anatomists
    Leonardo DaVinci
    Rembrandt Von Rijn
  • 8. The Anatomist – The Illustrator
    Luizzi – Vigevano
    Vesalius – Titian/Calcar
    Willis – Wren
    Albinis – Wandelaar
    Max Brodel
    Frank Netter
  • 9. Science Communicaton
  • 10. Redefining Medical Art
  • 11. Key Concepts
    Dissemination of anatomical knowledge
    through artistic representation
    Training professionals through medical illustration, digital imaging
    and human dissection