Metaphors 16 47 29


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Metaphors: This is a slide show about metaphors and how they work.

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Metaphors 16 47 29

  1. 1. Metaphors <ul><li>&quot;Metaphors We Live By&quot; by Lakoff and Johnson </li></ul>
  2. 2. A Riverboat shall be My Horse
  3. 3. A light in a sea of darkness
  4. 4. He slithered into town quietly so no one would notice when he dug his fangs in and slowly poisoned their minds.
  5. 5. Metaphors <ul><li>A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable : “I had fallen through a trapdoor of depression,” </li></ul><ul><li>• A thing regarded as representative or symbolic of something else: the amounts of money being lost by the company were enough to make it a metaphor for an industry that was teetering. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Argument is War
  7. 7. War Your claims are indefensible. He attacked every weak point in my argument. His criticisms were right on target. I demolished his argument. I've never won an argument with him. You disagree? Okay, shoot! If you use that strategy, he'll wipe you out. He shot down all of my arguments.
  8. 8. Time Is Money
  9. 9. Time You're wasting my time. This gadget will save you hours. I don't have the time to give you. How do you spend your time these days? That flat tire cost me an hour. I've invested a lot of time in her. 1 don't have enough time to spare for that. You're running out of time. You need to budget your time. Put aside aside some time for ping pong. Is that worth your while?
  10. 10. Conduits
  11. 11. Conduits It's hard to get that idea across to him. I gave you that idea. Your reasons came through to us. It's difficult to put my ideas into words. When you have a good idea, try to capture it immediately in words. Try to pack more thought into fewer words. You can't simply stuff ideas into a sentence any old way. The meaning is right there in the words. Don't force your meanings into the wrong words. His words carry little meaning. The introduction has a great deal of thought content. Your words seem hollow.
  12. 12. Up
  13. 13. VIrtue is Up
  14. 14. UP He is high-minded. She has high standards. She is up right. She is an up-standing citizen.
  15. 15. Feeling Up I'm feeling up. That boosted my spirits. My spirits rose. You're in high spirits. Thinking about her always gives me a lift.
  16. 16. Down
  17. 17. Feeling Down I'm feeling down. I'm depressed. He's really low these days. I fell into a depression. My spirits sank.
  18. 18. Low That was a low trick. Don't be underhanded. I wouldn't stoop to that. That would be beneath me. He fell into the abyss of depravity. That was a low-down thing to do .
  19. 19. Depravity is Down
  20. 20. The Abyss of Sin
  21. 21. Abstraction <ul><li>Is abstract language actually abstract? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Declaration of Independence 1776 <ul><li>When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Course of Human Events
  24. 24. <ul><li>Dissolve the political bands which have connected them </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Separate and equal station </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>The causes which impel them to the separation </li></ul>
  27. 27. parable
  28. 28. Hui Zi <ul><li>&quot;Hui Zi is forever using parables,&quot; complained someone to the Prince of Liang. &quot;If you, sire, forbid him to speak in parables, he won't be able to make his meaning clear.&quot; </li></ul>
  29. 29. The Prince <ul><li>&quot;From now on,&quot; he said, &quot;kindly talk in a straightforward manner and not in parables.&quot; </li></ul>
  30. 30. What is a Catapult?
  31. 31. Catapult <ul><li>&quot;Suppose there were a man who did not know what a catapult is,&quot; replied Hui Zi. &quot;If he asked you what it looked like, and you told him it looked just like a catapult, would he understand what you meant?&quot; </li></ul>
  32. 32. Of Course Not
  33. 33. Bamboo Bow <ul><li>&quot;But suppose you told him that a catapult looks something like a bow and that it is made of bamboo--wouldn't he understand you better?&quot; </li></ul>
  34. 34. YES! <ul><li>&quot;We compare something a man does not know with something he does know in order to help him to understand it,&quot; said Hui Zi. &quot; If you won't let me use parables, how can I make things clear to you?&quot; </li></ul>
  35. 35. World Stage
  36. 36. Shakespeare <ul><li>All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players: They have their exits and their entrances </li></ul><ul><li>As you like it 2/7 </li></ul>