Kinesiology Of Ankle And Foot

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Kinesiology Of Ankle And Foot

  1. 1. Kinesiology of Ankle and Foot
  2. 3. Functions of the Ankle and Foot <ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul>
  3. 4. Functional segments <ul><li>Hindfoot </li></ul><ul><li>Midfoot </li></ul><ul><li>Forefoot </li></ul>
  4. 6. The Ankle Joint (The Talocrural Joint) <ul><li>Bony Structures </li></ul><ul><li>- tibia </li></ul><ul><li>- fibula </li></ul><ul><li>- talus </li></ul>
  5. 7. Ligaments <ul><li>the deltoid ligament </li></ul><ul><li>- the anterior talofibular ligament </li></ul><ul><li>- the posterior talofibular ligament </li></ul><ul><li>- the calcaneofibular ligament </li></ul>
  6. 8. Ankle Joint <ul><li>Type of Joint: a hinge joint </li></ul><ul><li>Movements </li></ul><ul><li>- dorsiflexion </li></ul><ul><li>- plantarflexion </li></ul>
  7. 9. The Subtalar Joint ( The Talocalcaneal Joint ) <ul><li>Bony Structures </li></ul><ul><li>talus </li></ul><ul><li>calcaneus </li></ul>
  8. 10. Ligaments <ul><li>the interosseous talocalcaneal ligament </li></ul><ul><li>the posterior and lateral talocalcaneal ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>the ligaments of the ankle joints </li></ul>
  9. 12. The Transverse Tarsal Joint <ul><li>Joints </li></ul><ul><li>The talocalcaneonavicular joint </li></ul><ul><li>The talonavicular joint </li></ul><ul><li>The calcaneocuboid joint </li></ul><ul><li>Ligaments </li></ul><ul><li>The plantar calcaneonavicular ligament </li></ul><ul><li>The bifurcte ligament </li></ul><ul><li>The plantar calcaneosuboid ligament </li></ul><ul><li>The long plantar ligament </li></ul>
  10. 16. The Tarsometatarsal Joints <ul><li>Bony Structures </li></ul><ul><li>formed by the distal tarsal row and the based of the metatarsals </li></ul><ul><li>Movements </li></ul><ul><li>Dorsiflexion/plantarflexion </li></ul>
  11. 17. The Metatarsophalangeal Joints <ul><li>Bony Structures </li></ul><ul><li>formed by the heads of the metatarsals and the based of the proximal phalanges </li></ul><ul><li>Movements </li></ul><ul><li>extension/flexion </li></ul><ul><li>abduction/adduction </li></ul>
  12. 18. The Interphalangeal Joints <ul><li>Movements: extension/flexion </li></ul>
  13. 19. Plantar Arches <ul><li>Structure </li></ul><ul><li>the longitudinal arch </li></ul><ul><li>the transverse arch </li></ul><ul><li>Function </li></ul><ul><li>weight distribution </li></ul><ul><li>mobility </li></ul>
  14. 20. Muscular Analysis of Movements of the Ankle and Foot Extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus The Toes extension Flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis logus The Toes flexion Peroneus longus, brevis, tertius Eversion Tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior Inversion Gastrocnemius, soleus, peroneus longus, brevis, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus Plantarflexion Tibialis anterior, peroneus tertius, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus Dorsiflexion Muscles Movement

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