Example EDA Project SNAP M/S Reheater Simulation – Oyster Creek
Status of Commercial Nuclear Power As of 2004, nuclear power provided 6.5% of the world's energy and 15.7% of the world's electricity, with the U.S. , France , and Japan together accounting for 57% of all nuclear generated electricity. As of 2007 , the IAEA reported there are 439 nuclear power reactors in operation in the world, operating in 31 different countries.
New Plants as of Nov 2007 Company Site(s) Design, # of Units Early Site Permit (ESP) Construction / Operating License Submittal Alternate Energy Holdings Bruneau, ID EPR - FY 2009 Amarillo Power Vicinity of Amarillo, TX EPR - FY 2009 AmerenUE Callaway, MO EPR - FY 2008 Constellation (UniStar) Calvert Cliffs, MD plus two other sites EPR (3) Will go to COL but submit siting information early First submittal - FY 2008 Detroit Edison Fermi, MI Not yet determined Not yet determined FY 2008 Dominion North Anna, VA ESBWR (1) Under review, approval expected 2007 FY 2008 Duke William States Lee, Cherokee County, SC AP1000 (2) - FY 2008 Duke Davie County, NC Not yet determined Under consideration Not yet determined Duke Oconee County, SC Not yet determined Under consideration Not yet determined Entergy River Bend, LA ESBWR (1) - FY 2008 Entergy (NuStart ) Grand Gulf, MS ESBWR (1) Approved April 2007 FY 2008 Exelon Clinton, IL Not yet determined Approved March 2007 Not yet determined
New Plants as of Nov 2007 Company Site(s) Design, # of Units Early Site Permit (ESP) Construction / Operating License Submittal Exelon Matagorda and Victoria County, TX ESBWR (1) - FY 2009 Florida Power & Light Turkey Point, FL Not yet determined (2) Not yet determined FY 2009 NRG Energy / STPNOC Bay City, TX ABWR (2) - Under Review PPL Corp. Susquehanna, PA Not yet determined Not yet determined Not yet determined Progress Energy Harris, NC; Levy County, FL AP1000 (2); AP1000 (2) - Harris - FY 2008; Levy County, FL - FY 2008 South Carolina Electric & Gas Summer, SC AP1000 (2) - FY 2008 Southern Company Vogtle, GA AP1000 (2) Under review, Approval expected early 2009 FY 2008 Texas Utilities Comanche Peak, TX APWR (2) - FY 2008 TVA (NuStart ) Bellefonte, AL AP1000 (2) - Under Review
EPR : The EPR is a large pressurized water reactor of evolutionary design, with design output of approximately 1,600 MWe.
Design features include four 100% capacity trains of engineered safety features, a double-walled containment, and a “core catcher” for containment and cooling of core materials for severe accidents resulting in reactor vessel failure.
The design does not rely on passive safety features. The first EPR is currently being constructed at the Olkiluoto site in Finland.
Evolutionary Power Reactor UniStar Nuclear will market a standard advanced design called the U.S. Evolutionary Power Reactor (U.S. EPR), a 1,600-megawatt evolutionary power reactor designed for America by AREVA Inc.
The review process for new reactor designs involves the certification of standard reactor designs by rulemaking (Subpart B of Part 52).
Design certification applicants must provide the technical information necessary to demonstrate compliance with the safety standards set forth in applicable NRC regulations (10 CFR Parts 20, 50, 73, and 100).
Applicants must also provide information to close out unresolved and generic safety issues, as well as issues that arose after the Three Mile Island accident.
AP1000: This is a 1000 MWe advanced pressurized water reactor that incorporates passive safety systems and simplified system designs.
The passive systems use natural driving forces without active pumps, diesels, and other support systems after actuation. Use of redundant, non-safety-related, active equipment and systems minimizes unnecessary use of safety-related systems.