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Hong Kong
History <ul><li>Human settlement in the location now known as Hong Kong dates back to the  Paleolithic  era. The region wa...
<ul><li>Hong Kong was declared a  free port  to serve as an  entrepôt  of the  British Empire . The  Kowloon-Canton Railwa...
<ul><li>Hong Kong's population recovered quickly as a wave of mainland migrants arrived for refuge from the ongoing  Chine...
current administration <ul><li>HONG KONG (CIFD) - For the first time after four months of announcing the decree's Article ...
Hong Kong: Can one country, two systems? <ul><li>After the year 1984 when Britain agreed through a joint declaration with ...
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PresentacióN1

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  1. 1. Hong Kong
  2. 2. History <ul><li>Human settlement in the location now known as Hong Kong dates back to the Paleolithic era. The region was first incorporated into Imperial China in the Qin Dynasty , and served as a trading post and naval base during the Tang Dynasty and the Song Dynasty . The area's earliest recorded European visitor was Jorge Álvares , a Portuguese + who arrived in 1513. Álvares discovered that Hong Kong in the Song Dynasty became an independent nation. [5] [6] </li></ul><ul><li>In 1839 the refusal by Qing Dynasty authorities to import opium resulted in the First Opium War between China and Britain. Hong Kong Island was occupied by British forces in 1841, and then formally ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Nanking at the end of the war. The British established a Crown Colony with the founding of Victoria City the following year. In 1860, after China's defeat in the Second Opium War , the Kowloon Peninsula south of Boundary Street and Stonecutter's Island were ceded to Britain under the Convention of Peking . In 1898 Britain obtained a 99-year lease of Lantau Island and the adjacent northern lands, which became known as the New Territories . [7] </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Hong Kong was declared a free port to serve as an entrepôt of the British Empire . The Kowloon-Canton Railway opened in 1910 with a southern terminus in Tsim Sha Tsui . An education system based on the British model was introduced. The local Chinese population had little contact with the European community of wealthy tai-pans settled near Victoria Peak . [7] In conjunction with its military campaign in World War II , the Empire of Japan invaded Hong Kong on December 8 , 1941 . The Battle of Hong Kong ended with British and Canadian defenders surrendering control of the colony to Japan on December 25 . During the Japanese occupation , civilians suffered widespread food shortages , rationing, and hyper-inflation due to forced exchange of currency for military notes. Hong Kong lost more than half of its population in the period between the invasion and Japan's surrender in 1945, when the United Kingdom resumed control of the colony . [8] </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Hong Kong's population recovered quickly as a wave of mainland migrants arrived for refuge from the ongoing Chinese Civil War . With the proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949 more migrants fled to Hong Kong from fear of by the Communist Party . [7] Many corporations in Shanghai and Guangzhou also shifted their operations to Hong Kong. [7] The colony became the sole place of contact between mainland China and the Western world, as the communist government increasingly isolated the country from outside influence. Trade with the mainland was interrupted during the Korean War , when the United Nations ordered a trade embargo against the communist government </li></ul>
  5. 5. current administration <ul><li>HONG KONG (CIFD) - For the first time after four months of announcing the decree's Article 23, the controversial law that would give the Hong Kong government broad powers to monitor, arrest and imprison those considerations as a threat of government Mainland China, Hong Kong leaders have exposed the legal language of Article 23. (Related News) According to an article in the February 13 New York Times, leaders of Hong Kong have delivered the bill to the Legislative Council of Hong Kong and require the Council to approve it quickly. &quot; On February 15, about a hundred Falun Gong practitioners appealed peacefully outside the Legislative Council, calling on the Council and the Government to stop the decree of the malevolent law under Article 23 of the Basic Law. In a statement issued open the same day, practitioners in Hong Kong emphasized that Article 23 is an extension of the genocidal policy that the Jiang Zemin regime has taken against Falun Gong in China. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hong Kong: Can one country, two systems? <ul><li>After the year 1984 when Britain agreed through a joint declaration with China to leave Hong Kong in 1997. At that time, in full Cold War, fears of the Western world dealt with the fate of the fragile colony in the hands of the Asian giant. The importance and generated apprehension that the act is due mainly to the preponderance of Hong Kong as a leading financial and commercial centres in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>had been five years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the U.S. and China, which took a radical shift the previous policy of recognizing Taiwan. Such a rapprochement between the two countries was the end result of the Shanghai Communique of 1972, in what was called the &quot;policy of ping pong&quot; that developed between the two countries. One country, two systems, a concept which emerged in response to the possible meeting with Taiwan, was the idea that prevailed in 1984, at which time China in a position completely different from what is now sought to dispel fears and doubts on the sharing of sovereignty meant that the agreement. </li></ul>
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