Educational system of Estonia


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Educational system of Estonia

  1. 1. The National Curriculum for Basic and Secondary Schools<br />
  2. 2. Welcome to Estonia<br />Capital(and largest city)Tallinn<br />Official language: Estonian<br />Ethnicgroups:<br />68.7 % Estonian<br />25.6 % Russian<br />5.7 % others<br />Area<br /> -Total45,228 km2 <br /> -Water (%) 4.45%<br />Population<br /> - 2009 estimate1,340,415<br /> - 2000 census 1,370,052<br /> - Density29/km2 <br />GovernmenttypeParliamentary republic<br /> - PresidentToomasHendrikIlves<br /> - Prime Minister Andrus Ansip (RE)<br /> - Parliament speaker EneErgma (IRL)<br /> - Current coalition (RE, IRL)<br />Location of Estonia (green) <br />– on the European continent (light green & grey)<br />– in the European Union (light green) <br />
  3. 3. History<br />The first schools in Estonia were established in the 13th-14th centuries. These schools taught prayer, Latin, sacred music (singing) and writing.<br />1632 University of Tartu<br />From 1656 on Estonia’s national school became an educational institution where students learned to read, write, do arithmetics and sing.<br />The development of Estonia’s national music culture is mostly limited to the last 141 years, initiated by the national choral song festival tradition in 1869.<br />Many have characterized estonians as a singing nation. Our singing led us bloodlessly to establishing independence in 1991 with the happening called the singing revolution<br />
  4. 4. The Educational System in Estonia<br />Compulsory general education has three stages<br />
  5. 5. Pre-primary education<br />The framework curriculum is a basis for municipal and private childcare institutions for the preparation of their own curriculum. It supports parents upon educating and developing their CHILDREN at home.<br />A nursery school may be connected to a primary school (a nursery-primary school with the same management).<br />Nursery schools are divided into municipal and private childcare institutions.<br />
  6. 6. Basic EducationPrimary and Basic School<br />Basic education is the minimum education that is obligatory for everybody.<br />After graduating the basic school, most of the CHILDREN go to secondary school. The alternative way is vocational training schools.<br />Each school prepares its curriculum on the basis of the national curriculum. <br />Tuition is free of charge for studying in state schools of general education.<br />
  7. 7. Secondary Education<br />Secondary education is based on a basic education and it is divided into general secondary education and secondary vocational education.<br />Acquisition of general secondary education gives the right to continue studies for aquisition of higher education.<br />Secondary vocational education is direct way to the labour market.<br />Admission to upper secondary schools is based on the results of finishing basic school.<br />Final examinations are organized for finishing the upper secondary school. Final examinations include state and school examinations.<br />
  8. 8. Music education has two branches<br />1. Music in general education.<br />Music is an obligatory subject in the national curriculum.<br />In addition to compulsory music lessons, many schools also offer children opportunity to study an instrument they wish. <br />2. Professional music education<br />Afternoon music schools, music high schools, universities.<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Afternoon music school<br />Preparation years <br />Main studies<br />Addition years<br />I grade Main instrument and solfeggio two times a week.<br />III grade History of Music once a week<br />- Piano as an additional instrument for those who do not play piano as a main instrument. It is being held half an academic hour per week.<br />IV grade Ensemble/Orchestra once a week <br />V grade An opportunity to take an addition instrument if possible<br />VIII grade Harmony / Improvisation once a week.<br />2 years<br />7 years<br />1 – 2 years<br />
  11. 11. Music is a compulsory subject<br />Kindergartentwo lessons (per week)<br />Primary school grades 1-3 two lessons (per week)<br />Basic school grades 4 two lessons<br /> grades 5-9 one lesson<br />Secondary school grades 10-12 one lesson<br />The Ministry of Education declares the content of the national curriculum.<br />Every TEACHER chooses his/her own TEACHINGstyle.<br />
  12. 12. Music Instruction<br />We have been regarding singing (including choral singing) as one of the main goals of music TEACHING to preserve and maintain our cultural heritage and traditions.<br />Besides compulsory music lessons it is common in Estonia that every school has to have at least one or two choirs.<br />
  13. 13. Music Instruction<br />In Estonia music is mostly taught by professional music TEACHERS (there are a few exceptions in primary and basic level where music is taught by classroom TEACHERS).<br />Estonian music education has been quite conservative and oriented on tradition.<br />Instrumental music (playing an instrument in music lesson) has not been very developed because of the lack of instruments.<br />
  14. 14. Methods<br />General music TEACHING in basic and secondary schools is based on methos by:<br /><ul><li>Carl Orff (1895-1982)
  15. 15. Zoltȃn Kodȃly (1882-1967)
  16. 16. Riho Päts (1897-1977
  17. 17. Heino Kaljuste (1925-1989)</li></ul>The curriculum also emphasizes integration between differen diciplines:<br /><ul><li>Languages
  18. 18. History
  19. 19. Science
  20. 20. Visual arts
  21. 21. Movement</li></li></ul><li>Primary School (age 7-9)<br />THE GOALS OF MUSIC INSTRUCTIONS<br />To awake intrest in music<br />Performing<br /><ul><li>Singing (solo and choir)
  22. 22. Improvisation</li></ul>Learning simple rythm patterns<br />Learning (using) relative notation system<br />Music listening with discussion<br />
  23. 23. Basic School (age 10-15)<br />THE GOALS OF MUSIC INSTRUCTIONS<br />To maintain students intrest in music<br />Performing<br /><ul><li>Singing (songs for 2 or more voices)
  24. 24. Playing instruments
  25. 25. Musical improvisation and composition</li></ul>Introduction to absolute notation system<br />Music listening related to musical knowledge<br />Musical knowledge<br /><ul><li>Music from different countries
  26. 26. Pop and jazz music
  27. 27. Genres in classical music
  28. 28. Types of orchestras and choirs</li></li></ul><li>Secondary School (age 16-19)<br />THE GOALS OF MUSIC INSTRUCTIONS<br />Performing – singing, playing instruments<br />Improvisation and composition<br />Music listening according to particular styles<br />Chronological review of Western music history<br />Main features of different time-periods<br />The most known composers<br />Overview of the Estonian music<br />
  29. 29. Basic activities in General Music Education<br />PERFORMING – singing, playing instruments (classical, Orff, electronic, incl. body percussion)<br />MUSIC LISTENING AND MUSIC HISTORY – experiencing and analyzing vocal and instrumental music of different styles and genres from different areas.<br />COMPOSING – improvisations, rhythm and movement accompaniments, creative musical expressions using visual arts and media.<br />
  30. 30. Supporting activities in Music Education<br />The motivation to study and teach music in a comprehensive school is supported by different activities: choirs, brass orchestras, ensembles.<br />Song festivals for youth choirs:orchestras and dance groups are organized with interval of fouryears since 1962.<br />Contests, festivals and competitions are organized every year for different kinds of school choirs, orchestras and for vocal soloists.<br />Every two years Musical Olympic Games (since 2002) are organized for the pupils from 7th and 11th grades. There are three parts in the MOG: singing, composing and musical knowledge and two tours – regional and the final tour.<br />