Frederico

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Frederico

  1. 1. SOCIAL POLICY IN BRAZIL 1 st Colloquium of the International Social Justice Network British Council Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, India Oct 27-29, 2009 Frederico Guanais, PhD National School of Public Administration Brasília, Brazil
  2. 2. What is commitment to social justice? What are some of the possible instruments?
  3. 3. Annual Growth Rate, Brazil 1966-2008 SOurce: IBGE (2009)
  4. 4. Gini Coefficient for per capita family income, Brazil 1976-2008 SOurce: Ricardo Paes de Barros (2009) 0.54 0.56 0.58 0.60 0.62 0.64 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 Coeficiente de Gini 0.623 0.623 0.604 0.593 0.582 0.589 0.594 0.588 0.596 0.587 0.599 0.615 0.634 0.612 0.580 0.602 0.599 0.600 0.600 0.598 0.592 0.594 0.587 0.581 0.569 0.566 0.560 0.552 0.544 0.623 0.623 0.604 0.593 0.582 0.589 0.594 0.588 0.596 0.587 0.599 0.615 0.634 0.612 0.580 0.602 0.599 0.600 0.600 0.598 0.592 0.594 0.587 0.581 0.569 0.566 0.560 0.552 0.544 0.623 0.623 0.604 0.593 0.582 0.589 0.594 0.588 0.596 0.587 0.599 0.615 0.634 0.612 0.580 0.602 0.599 0.600 0.600 0.598 0.592 0.594 0.587 0.581 0.569 0.566 0.560 0.552 0.544 1993 2001
  5. 5. SOurce: Ricardo Paes de Barros (2009) Extreme poverty, Brazil 1990-2008 22,1 22,6 22,9 17,3 17,7 17,8 16,8 17,4 17,4 16,5 17,5 15,1 13,3 10,8 10,3 8,8 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Percentage of extremely poor (%) 1,7 p.p./yr First MDG 1995 2003 1993
  6. 6. SOurce: Ricardo Paes de Barros (2009) Annual growth rate of per capita family income, by deciles of distribution (Brazil, 2001 to 2008) 8.1 6.5 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.7 4.0 3.4 2.6 1.5 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth Tenth Taxa de crescimento nos últimos 7 anos(%) 10% poorest Average 10% richest
  7. 7. Bolsa Familia in Brazil: Policy Learning and Experimenting <ul><li>Pre 1995: Local pioneering </li></ul><ul><li>1995: Pioneer local experiences in Campinas and Brasília </li></ul><ul><li>1995-2002: Fragmentation at the Federal Level </li></ul><ul><li>From 1996 to 2002: Child Labour Erradication Program, Bolsa Escola (MoEd), Bolsa Alimentação (MoS), Auxilio Gas (MoE) </li></ul><ul><li>Still limited reach </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bolsa Familia in Brazil: Policy Learning and Experimenting <ul><li>Post-2003: Priority for Social Policy, but how to do it? </li></ul><ul><li>Launch of Zero Hunger and the Cartão Alimentação: now there were 5 different programs and the money still was not reaching the poor. </li></ul><ul><li>Clear executive decision (October 2003), putting it all together under the same roof and creation of Bolsa Familia </li></ul>
  9. 30. <ul><li>Obrigado </li></ul>Dr. Frederico Guanais Head of the International Cooperation Office National School of Public Administration Phone: +55-61-2020-3010 E-mail: [email_address]

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