Anil Gupta


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Anil Gupta

  1. 1. Ways of knowing, feeling and doing : quest for justice anil k gupta [email_address] NIF,Honey Bee network and iima
  2. 2. Loops for linking innovations with investments and enterprise, science and technology and culture of nurturance are still too longwinded
  3. 3. Why are loops so longwinded? the innovator, investor, entrepreneur, and of course scientists and technologists who could add value, designers who could improvise, packager, the logistics chain manager etc., who can deliver Unwillingness to recognize and resolve the ex ante and ex poste transaction costs of each actor,
  4. 4. Result: empty benches <ul><li>Unless we pay for unmet transaction costs, bench will remain empty </li></ul>
  5. 5. ABC to DEF : Honey Bee Network’s next milestones <ul><li>A: access ( of grassroots inventors and innovators </li></ul><ul><li>B: bridge formal and informal science </li></ul><ul><li>C: creativity, collaboration and compassion </li></ul><ul><li>What are the DEF? </li></ul><ul><li>any guess???? </li></ul>
  6. 6. From ABC to DEF Technology, institutional and cultural networks to AUGMENT GREEN GRASSROOTS INNOVATIONS
  7. 7. ABC to DEF : Honey Bee Network’s next milestone <ul><li>A: access ( of grassroots inventors and innovators, and traditional knowledge holders ) </li></ul><ul><li>B: bridge formal and informal science </li></ul><ul><li>C: creativity, collaboration and compassion </li></ul><ul><li>What are the DEF? </li></ul><ul><li>any guess???? </li></ul>
  8. 8. D E F <ul><li>D: DIVERSITY, design ( by young technology students, see 87,000 + projects uploaded in the last four months , distributed design through MAD ( Management of Autopoesis Design ), DISTRIBUTION </li></ul><ul><li>E: energy efficiency , social effectiveness and ethical fulcrum, EQUITY </li></ul><ul><li>F: fabrication PRODUCTS, Fostering partnership between modular design platforms, mentors and grassroots and high tech innovation networks) and Fellowship </li></ul>
  9. 9. Key challenges <ul><li>Most grassroots innovations are at a proof of concept stage </li></ul><ul><li>There is no common language to describe different components and parts since innovators use often local salvage material to design products </li></ul><ul><li>It is not easily known to innovator as to which part of the form, feature or function should be optimized and in what sequence </li></ul>HOW DO WE FORGE FELLOWSHIP
  10. 10. Features of collaborative platform <ul><li>Multi-media, multi-langauge : overcoming barriers of language, literary and localism </li></ul><ul><li>design, annotation in sound, drawings, picture, dated layers of comments </li></ul><ul><li>Different people can participate in design analysis, solution, debate, Fpstering policies, products, services </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying Problem, solution & substitution or elaboration space </li></ul>
  11. 11. Should scale be enemy of the sustainability : logic of the Long Tail, investing in ideas, technologies with limited diffusion, without that sustainability is threatened How to transfer science for development and diffusion of technologies( Gupta,1988)
  12. 12. Innovation Investment Enterprise GOLDEN TRIANGLE OF CREATIVITY
  13. 13. What can India and China learn from Brazilian slums Mr Ubirajara, 47 , in slums around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, inventor of stand on front wheel of cycle More stable, easier to vend things, portable bench
  14. 14. Honey Bee network in Limpopo, South africa Modified donkey cart (One among many designs ) Differential-40 kg, what is it doing here, amrutbhai What it was???? What it became
  15. 15. CHIN: Shanzhai Breathing Apparatus Honey Bee Network in china TUFE The crude breathing machine assembled by Ji jun hai, Meng wen hai and Ma bao shun pumping life into Xiaoyan’s lungs!
  16. 16. biodiversity Modern R and D Give me a place to stand, I will move the word
  17. 17. Creativity counts <ul><li>Amphibious cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Tree climber </li></ul><ul><li>Who is physically challenged ? </li></ul><ul><li>Washing machine cum exercising machine Cycle that makes bumps work for you </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Simple can be optimal </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ribbed teflon coated aluminum tawa
  20. 20. IIP Dehradun says: <ul><li>Its Ribbed Circular Bottom in aluminum tawa gives 7.9% higher thermal efficiency (52.17%) compared to conventional Iron Tawa (44.27%) and ribbed bottom gives about extra 1.09 per cent over ordinary aluminum tawa. </li></ul><ul><li>Fast cooking due to its higher thermal efficiency </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design of this Tawa is registered, design registration No. 201308 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Shadows of sustainable spirit: trying to look for frugal, diverse, resilient and simultaneous solutions , as nature does all the time
  22. 23. Portable cycle USD 70 Sandeep Kumar
  23. 26. Motor cycle based plough
  24. 27. Seen during Shodh Yatra in Anantnang, J and K
  25. 28. JANAKI Devi, Western Champaran, Bihar, innovator of a herbal pesticide, patent filed by NIF on her innovation, testing done in SRISTI natural product lab
  26. 29. Samvedana se srijansheelata ( empathy triggering innovation) Virendra kumar sinha Solves the problem of sound and air pollution Invented a silencer cum pollution control device, 12-14 kg carbon in eight months Now likely to be used in Chilka lake, Orissa, on boats so that birds and dolphins are not disturbed
  27. 30. Md Rojadeen: cooker for coffee creativity in champaran ( 22 nd shodh yatra Dec 2008)
  28. 31. Service at your door step: Sheikh Jahangir, Jalgaon, Maharshtra
  29. 32. How did honeybee network evolve its framework
  30. 33. Rethinking logistics for sustainable future learning from grassroots innovators anil k gupta [email_address] Minds on the margin are not marginal minds: shall we join hands in learning from grassroots innovators
  31. 34. Survival Strategies Access to Factors & Product Markets and Kinship networks Public Policies for direct & indirect transfer & support Knowledge Systems Individual Collective Contemporary Innovations Traditional Knowledge Individual Collective Scouting and Dissemination Converting Innovations into Products Rewarding and Compensation Micro Policy Macro Policy Knowledge Network Livelihood Reinforcing Experimental and Innovative Ethics Sustainable Livelihood Conservation of Biodiversity & Associated Knowledge Systems SRISTI & GIAN IIMA IIMA SRISTI NIF NIF SRISTI NIF NIF
  32. 35. Shodh yatra every summer, every winter
  33. 36. Are these the marginal minds?
  34. 37. Corridors of creativity
  35. 38. Will we have the humility to learn from Ms Ram Timari Devi Champaran, jan 2009,
  36. 39. Shodh yatra in patamda, purulia and bankura: Bhabi Mahato, is she an artisan or an artist?
  37. 41. Satvik Traditional Food Festival, iim campus
  38. 42. Ignite <ul><li>Recognising creativity of children and nurturing their dreams </li></ul>
  39. 43. I want a high tech school bus which can give alert signal as it approaches my bus stop. I would not miss my bus this way!!: pallavi, 9 th class I want to integrate the gait of a person with a mobile. As walking style differ person to person, the software will be able to identify the signals based on the body movements while walking If the mobile will sense a different movement once act will lock itself and send a message about its location predefined number. : anurag rathor 9 th class Why pierce skin to get a blood test done? I wish to make a blood testing system that would do the required test by scanning the skin surface or testing the skin excretions :srishti class iv
  40. 44. Global Enquires for grassroots innovations ( g2G) 2009 Business Development and MVIF National Innovation Foundation
  41. 45. g2G grassroots to global <ul><li>Global GIAN – Building Global Value </li></ul><ul><li>Chain for augmentation of Green </li></ul><ul><li>Grassroots Innovations </li></ul>
  42. 46. Sales made <ul><li>Coconut tree climber- USA (Florida, Massachussets, California, Hawaii etc.) Australia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Mexico, West Indies </li></ul><ul><li>Pomegranate deseeder-Turkey, USA </li></ul><ul><li>Garlic peeling machine-Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Arecanut husker- Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Milking machine-Phillipines, Uganda, Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Resin grading machine-Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava peeling machine-kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal growth promoters-Ghana </li></ul>
  43. 47. Chile Arecanut dehusking machine 17 Egypt Zero head water turbine 16 Pakistan Trench digging machine 15 Bangladesh, Kenya, Rwanda, Ghana, Zambia Tile making machine 14 Bangladesh, Tea making machine 13 Sudan Rain Gun (Chandraprabha) 12 Fiji Palm leaf mat weaving machine 11 Bangladesh, Uganda, Ecuador Milking machine 10 S. Africa Lemon cutting machine 9 Mexico, New Zealand, USA, Philippines, Bangladesh Coconut dehusker 8 China Coconut defibring machine 7 Uganda Aaruni tilting cart 6 Congo, USA, Benin, Nigeria, Kenya, UAE, Uganda Cassava peeling machine 5 USA, Australia, Turkey, Venezuela, Hongkong, Israel, Netherlands, Thailand, UAE, Iran, United Kingdom Pomegranate deseeding machine 4 Slovenia, USA, Turkey, Peru, Singapore, Iran , Venezuela, Pakistan Garlic peeling machine 3 USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Phillipines, Canada, Kenya, Colombia, S. Africa, Switzerland, Poland, Indonesia, Belgium Entech oil expeller 2 USA, United Kingdom, Vietnam, Australia, Sri Lanka, Mexico, Iran, West Indies Coconut/palm tree climbing device 1 Countires Innovation/product Sl no. Product enquiries: Source by countries (01/04/06-31/03/07)
  44. 48. Case study on social diffusion <ul><li>Modified hand pump </li></ul><ul><li>GIAN (n) Jaipur, </li></ul><ul><li>Honey Bee Network </li></ul>
  45. 49. Origin <ul><li>The improved hand pump is a combination of two innovations and ideas recognized by NIF during its second and third National competition on grassroots innovations ( Swyambhu Sharma and Chandan Agarwal) </li></ul>
  46. 50. Issues addressed <ul><li>1.Over drawing of water other than actual requirement– diameter of conventional pump outlet is usually 2” which leads to high discharge volume and therefore wastage of water also </li></ul>
  47. 51. Issues addressed <ul><li>3.Uncomfortable position for drawing water and drinking at the same time, with a lot of water wastage </li></ul>
  48. 52. The solution ( yusuf and Kumawat) <ul><li>New hand pump has a provision of 25% water donation for the animal trough, which is collected from the runoff </li></ul><ul><li>A provision of about 1 liter water storage inside the head of the pump which can be utilized through a tap for use as a drinking source just by pumping once </li></ul>
  49. 53. Dissemination <ul><li>first installation was facilitated through gram panchayat of Danta division </li></ul><ul><li>users feedback was encouraging therefore GIAN-North further facilitated the implementation in selected villages of Sikar District </li></ul><ul><li>A total of 120 hand pumps were modified and provided to PHED for getting installed at selected sites </li></ul><ul><li>6 pumps were recently handed over to an NGO “Lupin” for dissemination purpose </li></ul>
  50. 54. Dissemination <ul><li>After the diffusion of 50 odd improved hand pumps in regions of Sikar, a presentation was given to Water Resource Management, Govt of Rajasthan </li></ul>
  51. 55. 1st Award by National Innovation Foundation Award in the year Feb 2002 Best Technology Award for the year 2003 by National Research Development Corporation, Govt. of India in the year June 2004. Honored by SRISTI by including him in the Governing body Recognition by Community Recognition & Reward:
  52. 56. 1997 - From Scrap to ……. 2007 – Solid, stable, sustainable solution
  53. 59. Individual creativity, nurtured by community, diffused widely in society Community Knowledge Public domain Community knowledge, documented & disseminated with or without PI Consent Individual/Public knowledge Private, individual knowledge /innovations/practice Knowledge Community Individual Figure 1. Source: Gupta 2001,Gupta and Sinha,2002 Individual Knowledge Public Individual Community Public Practice None Contested Domains of Local Knowledge
  54. 60. <ul><li>What do we reward and how: </li></ul><ul><li>Unaided technological individual or collective innovations ( covered by Intellectual property rights or not) </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership between grassroots innovators and R and D institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Public domain or open source innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Linkage between innovation, investment and enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>incubators for innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional arrangements that make a difference to the lives of the knowledge rich economically poor people through agricultural and health technologies </li></ul>
  55. 61. How to reward: Portfolio of Incentives for innovations Forms of incentives Material non material Target Of individual Incentives collective non-material-collective Policy changes Pedagogic changes material-collective Trust funds Venture and incubation funds Collective awards Supp for Institution building endowments non-material-individual Recognition Honour Memorial material-individual Ipr or non ipr based awards Awards R and d grants Endowments
  56. 62. Sample of Practices received for biodiversity based treatments of diseases by local communities and individuals at NIF 8497 Total   8 AIDS/HIV 25 14 Bacterial diseases 24 25 Allergic disorders 23 37 Gum/Tooth disorders 22 68 Cardio-vascular 21 80 Reproductive disorders 20 89 Viral diseases 19 110 Others 18 119 Cancer 17 119 Burn injury 16 125 Blood 15 128 Urological disorders 14 253 Diabetes 13 309 Neurological 12 324 Poisoness bites/Stings 11 341 Gynaecological disorders 10 442 Skin diseases 9 489 Musculo-orthopaedic 8 521 Fever 7 626 Liver disorders 6 702 Ulcer/Wounds/Cuts 5 753 Gastro-intestinal disorders 4 864 ENT 3 895 Respiratory disorders 2 1056 Ache/Pain 1 Number of practices Disease/Disorders Sl. No.
  58. 64. Linking open source with IP protected technologies and services “” technology commons”” open for people to people learning, fabrication and adaptation for self use but licensing needed for firms to use
  59. 65. Voices of Grassroots Innovators National Innovation Foundation Fab-5 Honey Bee Network
  60. 66. Just for the pain of the mother <ul><li>Asu making machine for Pochampally </li></ul><ul><li>sarees: C Mallesham, Nalgonda </li></ul><ul><li>Laxmi Asu machine by Mallesham </li></ul><ul><li>has relieved women from 8-9 hours </li></ul><ul><li>of labour everyday. </li></ul><ul><li>it just takes 90 minutes to weave a saree compared to the four hours required in the manual process. </li></ul><ul><li>This has brought a revolution among the weaver community. The Indian Patent has been filed for the Innovation. The innovator has sold more than 500 units of the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Also see Honey Bee 19(3): 4-6, 2009 for his detailed profile </li></ul>
  61. 67. This is how it was
  62. 68. This is how it is
  63. 69. Will you join the open source collaborative platform TO GET CREATIVE PEOPLE THEIR DUE Honey bee Network seeks your involvement
  64. 70. The strategy for unleashing the creative potential of millions of people at the base of economic pyramid: The development strategy should build upon the resources in which a region and the people inhabiting that region are rich in, Local knowledge and innovations can provide a signal about the stress and pain points and some of the ways in which these pains have been dismissed, diffused and diluted Documentation of such knowledge with prior informed consent can provide a basis for blending formal and informal science to develop value added products,
  65. 71. It is understood that not every knowledge holder may become or may even like to become an entrepreneur. At the same time many knowledge holders can become entrepreneur or tie up with other entrepreneurs to diffuse their knowledge through commercial or non commercial channels. No society has developed or can ever develop by relying only on private markets for creating positive externalities. It is understood that not every knowledge holder may become or may even like to become an entrepreneur. At the same time many knowledge holders can become entrepreneur or tie up with other entrepreneurs to diffuse their knowledge through commercial or non commercial channels. No society has developed or can ever develop by relying only on private markets for creating positive externalities.
  66. 72. No society has developed or can ever develop by relying only on private markets for creating positive externalities. Public goods have to be created in the form of open access knowledge based, laboratories, workshops, fab labs, tool rooms, design centres etc. Shortage of such facilities stifles the growth of public spirited science, technology, art and culture. Conversion of ideas, innovations and traditional knowledge into product and services requires funds for product development, testing, demonstrations for user trial, designing, market research, production and distribution. Absence of dedicated funds clearly imply either lack of faith in the genius of creative minds at grassroots or the assumption that such knowledge does not deserve any significant public support. Irony of global diffusion of micro finance matched with global absence of micro venture finance conveys the current state of art with regard to knowledge-based approaches to social development.
  67. 73. It is not that only technological creativity deserves support for generating employment opportunities for poor. The cultural knowledge is no less important for similar support to generate income-enhancing opportunities. Creating a horizontal knowledge network among local creative communities is most vital for improving the living conditions immediately within and across the countries. This will require multi language, multi media databases and networks. Examples of several problems having been faced by farmers in India as well as China triggering similar solutions proves the potential that exists for saving civilizational energy in discovering solutions. Honey Bee Network has provided numerous examples where applicable solutions can help Indian farmers and vice versa. In such for sustainable solution there is no north but only south. There is a great need for exchanging knowledge among different communities.
  68. 74. How did it happen: The journey….. SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH AND INITIATIVES FOR SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGIES AND INSTITUTIONS (www. ) GRASSROOTS INNOVATION AUGMENTATION NETWORK (www NATIONAL INNOVATION FOUNDATION (www. ) Honey bee network , informal social movement, IIMA, DST, DSIR, ICAR, IITs, 13 th Finance Commission, volunteers, NGIs ( non governmental Individuals), public spirited professionals…….
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