Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Fall Prevention
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Fall Prevention

5,241

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
5,241
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
436
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Introduction Begin the class with some statistics: Over 40,000 deaths and disabling injuries result from falls every year One death and three serious injuries occurred in 1995 at Intel sites from falls. Falls are the number one cause of fatalities in the construction industry and account for approximately 33% of all workplace fatalities. Share with the participants the fall incident that occurred at Intel’s Penang, Malaysia facility: In August 1995, two contract employees climbed off their scaffolding and onto a duct. The duct was not designed to hold the weight and collapsed sending the employees falling. One employee landed on the scaffolding, while the other fell 25 feet. He later died from the fall.
  • Course Objective Introduce the Concluding Objective: Upon completion of this training, you will be able to properly use fall protection gear and ladders to comply with OSHA, as well as Intel standards and expectations. State that Intel recognizes the potential hazards of falls and therefore has instituted a fall protection/ladder safety program.
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Fall Protection Fall Prevention: Warning Lines (Roof Use) Illustrate warning lines by drawing on the flipchart. Warning lines may be used along an unprotected leading edge of a roof work area. When mechanical equipment is not being used, the warning line shall be erected not less than six feet from the roof edge. Refer to next foil on mechanical equipment use. State that warning lines may consist of ropes, wire or chains. Tell the class: For more information on warning lines refer to the Fall Protection/Ladder Safety Spec.
  • Fall Protection Need: lanyard, full body harness, webbing tie off, connecting device. Ask: “How can a fall arrest shorten the distance of a fall?” Answer: A fall arrest system allows the person to fall a maximum of six feet. Fall arrest systems consist of the following: (Illustrate by showing an example of each component except for an anchorage point). lanyard anchorage full body harness webbing tie off (also known as a cross arm strap or attachment strap) connecting device NOTE: keep the lanyard in your hand for the next slide
  • Fall Protection Need: Lanyard Show the class a lanyard while paraphrasing the definition. Explain while using a shock absorbing lanyard that the impact forces are decreased should the individual experience a fall. Refer the participants to the Appendix (in the back of their student guide) for a checklist to use when inspecting lanyards.
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Fall Protection Need: Lanyard Show the class a lanyard while paraphrasing the definition. Explain while using a shock absorbing lanyard that the impact forces are decreased should the individual experience a fall. Refer the participants to the Appendix (in the back of their student guide) for a checklist to use when inspecting lanyards.
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Notes:
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Notes:
  • Notes:
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Notes:
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Amey Rail Rail Infrastructure Company -maintenance -renewals -signalling -stn regeneration -CTRL -TPWS
  • Controlled access zones are areas where certain work can be performed without a guardrail, safety net, or personal fall arrest system. As the name suggests, these areas must be off limits to all but specifically authorized workers. Lines of rope, wire, or tape set off these zones. The lines must be at least 6 feet from the edge and connected to a guardrail system or wall on each end.
  • Fall Protection Fall Prevention: Warning Lines (Roof Use) Illustrate warning lines by drawing on the flipchart. Warning lines may be used along an unprotected leading edge of a roof work area. When mechanical equipment is not being used, the warning line shall be erected not less than six feet from the roof edge. Refer to next foil on mechanical equipment use. State that warning lines may consist of ropes, wire or chains. Tell the class: For more information on warning lines refer to the Fall Protection/Ladder Safety Spec.
  • Notes:
  • This person’s job is to look for fall hazards and warn workers when they approach danger. The monitor has to be close enough to workers for a spoken warning to be heard.
  • Transcript

    • 1. FALL protection
    • 2. <ul><li>Falls from heights are a leading cause </li></ul><ul><li>of workplace fatalities in the construction industry accounting for </li></ul><ul><li>approximately 33% of all workplace </li></ul><ul><li>fatalities </li></ul><ul><li>Fall injuries that don’t result in death are often disabling </li></ul>
    • 3. <ul><li>Three major components in dealing with accidents due to fall in construction: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Fall arrest system </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ladder safety </li></ul><ul><li>3. Scaffold safety </li></ul>
    • 4. <ul><li>All employees shall be protected from fall of six feet or more by the use of an approved fall protection system </li></ul>
    • 5.  
    • 6. working near openings or edges
    • 7. working on a scaffolding and ladder
    • 8. work on machinery, equipment
    • 9. Working at an elevated level
    • 10.  
    • 11. <ul><li>failure to recognize the hazard </li></ul><ul><li>a. messy, cluttered work areas </li></ul><ul><li>b. poor visibility </li></ul><ul><li>c. failure to use handrails when going up or down the stairs </li></ul><ul><li>d. wearing shoes that are not appropriate for the work space </li></ul><ul><li>untrained workers and lack of supervision </li></ul><ul><li>failure to use appropriate equipment </li></ul><ul><li>failure to provide safe systems of work </li></ul><ul><li>- supervision </li></ul><ul><li>- instruction and knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>- equipment inspection </li></ul>
    • 12.  
    • 13. FIGURE A FIGURE B PRIMARY FALL PREVENTION SYSTEM SECONDARY FALL PREVENTION SYSTEM
    • 14. FIGURE A FIGURE B
    • 15.  
    • 16. Guardrail system Top Rail Mid Rail Walking/ Working Surface 200 lbs 150 lbs 50 lbs 42”+/- 3”
    • 17. GUARDRAIL SYSTEM: ROOFWORK
    • 18. GUARDRAIL SYSTEM: Leading Edge
    • 19. Ladderway/Stairway Openings Shall be guarded on ALL exposed sides by railing and toe boards in a manner that a person cannot pass through it, except at the entrance to the opening.
    • 20.  
    • 21.  
    • 22. Provision of safety nets
    • 23.  
    • 24. Covers must be able to support at least twice the weight of employees, equipment, and materials that may be imposed on the cover at any one time. To prevent accidental displacement resulting from wind, equipment, or workers' activities, all covers must be secured. All covers shall be color coded or bear the markings &quot;HOLE&quot; or &quot;COVER.&quot;
    • 25.  
    • 26.  
    • 27. <ul><li>Fall Arrest System: </li></ul><ul><li>Limits free fall to six feet which reduces force by decreasing fall distance </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lanyard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anchorage Point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Body Harness </li></ul></ul>
    • 28. <ul><li>Lanyard A device made of rope, wire or nylon strap used to tether the individual to an anchorage point and stop the individual in the event of a fall. </li></ul>
    • 29. Lanyards
    • 30. <ul><li>Automatically limit free-fall distance to less than two feet </li></ul><ul><li>Be capable of sustaining a minimum tensile load of 3,000 lbs when fully extended </li></ul>Self-retracting lifelines and Lanyards shall:
    • 31. Self-retracting lifelines AND LANYARD
    • 32.  
    • 33. 1. Be inspected prior to use 2. Have a minimum breaking strength of 5,000 lbs Lanyards shall:
    • 34. Notes in the Usage of Lanyards 3. Avoid rubbing from sharp objects/edges 4. Never attach where there is a possibility of disengagement 5. Make sure it is short enough for you not to hit the ground in the event of fall 6. Always use double locking system FOR SNAPHOOKS 7. Anchor point must be above the head as much as possible to avoid swing in the event of fall 8. Do not loop to anchorage, use adaptor
    • 35. adaptor
    • 36. These durable, chemical resistant lanyards include an inner polyester core that stretches to reduce the arresting force in the event of a fall. The shock absorbing lanyards feature a deceleration distance of 42 inches or less.
    • 37. <ul><li>Lifeline Can be composed of: </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical </li></ul><ul><li>Horizontal </li></ul><ul><li>depending on the condition and type of job involved </li></ul>
    • 38. Lifeline
    • 39. Lifeline
    • 40. Notes in the Usage of Lifelines 1. Reduce sagging---it adds to height of free fall; 2. Anchored to rigid structure that could withstand 5000 lbs. force; 3. Not too tight that could lead to breakage; 4. Never hook more than one person to it without determining its capacity first.
    • 41. <ul><li>Anchorage Point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A secure point of attachment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for lifelines, lanyards or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>deceleration devices. </li></ul></ul>ANCHORAGE POINT MUST BE DIRECTLY ABOVE THE WORKER AND HIGH ENOUGH
    • 42. Or “Bottoming Out Or else-
    • 43. Anchorage Device
    • 44. <ul><li>Anchorage points used for </li></ul><ul><li>attachment of personal fall arrest </li></ul><ul><li>equipment shall be: </li></ul><ul><li>Located at or above the employee’s waist </li></ul><ul><li>Capable of supporting more than 5,000 lbs per person </li></ul><ul><li>Designed and built to hold the maximum force of the fall arrest </li></ul>
    • 45. <ul><li>Full Body Harness: </li></ul><ul><li>The attachment point of a body harness is located in the center of the wearer’s back near shoulder level </li></ul><ul><li>Body belts are not allowed on site </li></ul><ul><li>Snaphooks shall be a double locking-type </li></ul>
    • 46. Webbing Tie Off
    • 47. Body Harness
    • 48. Snaphook / Carabiner
    • 49. <ul><ul><li>Donning and Doffing a Full Body Harness </li></ul></ul>
    • 50. <ul><li>after a fall arrest, equipment subjected to arresting a fall will be destroyed to ensure that it is not reused </li></ul><ul><li>check for broken threads/fibers/stitches </li></ul><ul><li>check for lost of diameter </li></ul><ul><li>check metal parts for cracks and corrosion </li></ul><ul><li>clean equipment after use with mild soft </li></ul><ul><li>air dry equipment, do not hang in direct sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>store equipment in a cool, dark, dry and well ventilated place </li></ul><ul><li>inspect the equipment at least twice a year </li></ul>Care for fall arrest devices:
    • 51. 3 Factors to Consider 1. Use the right equipment 2. The equipment must be in perfect condition 3. You know how to use it
    • 52.  
    • 53. <ul><li>Shall be used along the leading edge side of a roof work area </li></ul><ul><li>Shall be erected not less than six feet from the roof edge for parallel use, ten feet for perpendicular use </li></ul><ul><li>Shall consist of ropes, wires, or chains </li></ul>General Requirements Warning Lines
    • 54. parallel perpendicular parallel perpendicular 10 ft. 10 ft. 6 ft. 6 ft. warning lines 4 roof edge Warning Lines
    • 55. Warning Lines
    • 56.  
    • 57. Monitor
    • 58. MAINTAIN GOOD HOUSEKEEPING IN THE WORKPLACE <ul><li>keep work areas neat and tidy, putting tools, materials, </li></ul><ul><li>and other items away after use </li></ul><ul><li>report lighting problems, such as burned out bulbs, to </li></ul><ul><li>maintenance right away </li></ul><ul><li>hold on handrails while walking up or down the stair </li></ul><ul><li>watch for changes in floor level – such as a few steps </li></ul><ul><li>or a ramp up or down </li></ul>
    • 59. what about a rescue plan?
    • 60.  
    • 61. There are a hierarchy of measures required of the duty holders; • To avoid work at height where they can. • To use work equipment or other measures to prevent falls where they cannot avoid work at height; and • Where they cannot eliminate the risk of a fall, use work equipment or other measures to minimise the distance and consequences of the fall.

    ×