Peru pt1


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Peru Nation Report Part 1 of 2.

By Randi Pongo

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Peru pt1

  1. 1. Peru Part 1 By Randi Pongo
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Peru is located in western South America and stretches for about 1,500 miles along the Pacific Ocean. </li></ul><ul><li>Peru has a combination of tropical areas, mountain ranges and arid lands. </li></ul><ul><li>The Andes shelter the largest variety of climates in the country. Semi-arid in the valleys and moist in higher elevations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geografía <ul><li>The central and southern coast of Peru consists of mainly subtropical desert climate composed of sandy or rocky shores. </li></ul><ul><li>The Andes are the world’s longest continental mountain range. </li></ul><ul><li>The eastern portions of Peru includes the Amazon Basin which represents 60% of Peru’s national territory. </li></ul>
  4. 4. People <ul><li>Peru is a multiethnic country </li></ul><ul><li>Amerindians constitute about 45% of the population, mostly found in the extreme southern Andes. </li></ul><ul><li>Amerindians - indigenous peoples of the Americas that are pre-Columbian inhabitants. </li></ul><ul><li>Mestizos (about 37%) traditionally denotes European ancestry. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gente <ul><li>European descendants (about 15%). They are the descendants of the Spanish colonizers and other Europeans. </li></ul><ul><li>There is also a large presence of Asian Peruvians, primarily Chinese and Japanese. They constitute for about 3% of the population. </li></ul><ul><li>Afro-Peruvians, a legacy of Peru’s history as an importer of slaves during the colonial period. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture <ul><li>Popular celebrations are the product of every town’s traditions and legends. An example, is the Marinera which is one of the main dances found in Peru. </li></ul><ul><li>The Marinera is called the “National Dance of Peru”. </li></ul><ul><li>Historians believe that the dance goes as far back as to the Inca Empire. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cultura <ul><li>Some typical Peruvian dishes are ceviche, cuy and lomo saltado. </li></ul><ul><li>Peruvian cuisine combines many different cultures including American, European and Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>Peruvians eat cuy or guinea pig. They also celebrate the guinea pig by having a festival every year. </li></ul>
  8. 8. History <ul><li>In pre-Columbian America, the Incas created a vast dynasty they stretched from northern Ecuador to the northern half of Chile and Argentina. </li></ul><ul><li>The empire’s administrative, political, and military center was located in Cuzco. </li></ul><ul><li>Quechua was the official language. </li></ul><ul><li>Machu Picchu - “Lost City of the Incas” is a well preserved Inca ruin. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Historia <ul><li>Francisco Pizarro landed in Peru in 1532 and was able to take over the Inca city of Cuzco as a new Spanish colony. </li></ul><ul><li>On January 18, 1535, Pizarro founded the city of Lima and considered this one of his greatest accomplishments in life. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain later instituted an ecomienda system in which colonists were granted land together with its Indian inhabitants. </li></ul>