Human cloning
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Human cloning

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Human cloning Human cloning Presentation Transcript

  • Human Cloning
  • What is human cloning?
    The creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing or previously existing human being.
  • Different types of cloning
    Recombinant DNA cloning process
    also called “DNA cloning” or gene “gene cloning”
    transfer of DNA from one organism to a self-replicating genetic element
    DNA can then be propagated
    Since the 1970’s
    Method is used to copy genes for further information 
    Reproductive Cloning
    used to create a mammat that has the same DNA as another
    good example for this technique  dolly the sheep
    significant problems: more than 90% attempts fail
    Therapeutic Cloning
    also called “embryo cloning”
    production of human embryos for research purposes
    goal  to harvest stem cells of the embryo
    the extraction of stem cells from the embryo results in it’s destruction
    ethical questions about this method
    researches believe that these cells can be used to treat diseases
  • LEGAL ISSUES OF HUMAN CLONING AND THERAPUTIC CLONING
  • WORLDWIDE CLONING RESEARCH LEGSLATION
  • ANTI-CLONING
    Ethics
  • Threat to a person's individuality and uniqueness
    Genetically identical with another person
    Feel that they are a less unique individual than other people
    Because they genetically identical, they will have almost everything in common with their genetic parent
  • Relationship problems
    Kinship problems within the family
    Social relationships
    Relationship problems within the family
  • It's too risky
    At present, it is experimental and unpredictable
    Carries a high risk of abnormality in the resulting child
    Put both the cell donor and the birth mother at risk
    High failure rate
  • Eugenics – Start of a Brave New World
    Encourages selective breeding
    Discriminate against people
    Genocide is an extreme form of eugenics
    Could be used to produce an superior master race and underclass of slaves
  • We should not play God !
    Nature has devised the proper way to make babies, and we shouldn't interfere with natural law by doing it in a different way
    A child conceived in the normal way is a unique product of the union of its mother and father; and is not a genetic replica of either parent.
    In normal procreation, the genes of a child are determined by chance through the fruitful union of two people
  • Possible Benefits of Cloning
  • Cosmetic Surgery
    Plastic surgeries, breast augmentations, reconstructive surgeries would be much safer
    Doctors will be able to manufacture bone, fat, connective tissue, or cartilage that matches the patients tissues exactly
    This would prevent problems with silicone leaking or immune disease associated with plastic surgery
  • New Possibilities for Organ Transplants
    Organs, such as livers and kidneys, could be cloned
    These clones would be more successful than current transplants because they are created from the patient’s body and would be free of immune disease reactions
    Also, immuno-suppressed animals can harvest organs for more options
  • Thank you…
    Quetions