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Art 271 Regionalism Social Realists
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Art 271 Regionalism Social Realists

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Transcript

  • 1. Art 271
    Ch. 16 American Art Before WWII
  • 2. Surrealism
    Dali, Persistence of Memory
  • 3. Background for Ch. 16
    Painting in 1920’s & 30’s affected by Depression & Fascism in Europe
    Spirit of Isolationism in U.S. reflected in art of this time
    Art in the United States became socially conscious, nationalist, and regionalist
    291 Gallery and 1913 Armory Show introduced Modernism to America
  • 4. Alfred Stieglitz, The Flatiron Building, Photogravure, 1903
  • 5. Alfred Stieglitz & Georgia O’Keeffe
  • 6. Georgia O’Keeffe (1887-1986)
    Red Canna, 1924
  • 7. 16.19, Georgia O’Keeffe, Music – Pink and Blue, II, 1919, o/c, 35 x 29, Whitney Museum, NY
  • 8. 16.21, Georgia O’Keeffe, Cow’s Scull with Calico Roses, 1931, o/c, 35 x 24in, Art Institute of Chicago
  • 9. The American Scene
    1930’s: American artists influenced by European Modernism yet felt it important to find inspiration in the United States.
    Artists depicted contemporary American life in a realistic/naturalistic way
    American Regionalists: Thomas Hart Benton, Grant Wood
    Regionalists dismissed European Modernism as “High Brow” and favored illustrational styles.
  • 10. Thomas Hart Benton, Boomtown, 1928, o/c, 46 x 54in, Memorial Art Gallery
  • 11. Thomas Hart Benton c. to El Greco, 17th Century
  • 12. 16.36, Grant Wood, American Gothic, 1930, oil on beaverboard, 29x24 in, Art Institute of Chicago
  • 13. Mexican Mural Movement: 1920’s -1950’s
    Mexican Artists like Diego Rivera celebrated Mexican nationalism with murals in schools, civic buildings, churches, museums
    Rivera developed a modern neoclassical style consisting of simple, monumental forms and bold areas of color
  • 14. 16.53, Diego Rivera, Flower Day, 1925, o/c, 58 x 47 ½ in, LACMA
  • 15. 16.54, Diego Rivera, Detroit Industry, 1932-33, Fresco, north wall, Detroit Institute of Arts
  • 16. 16.54, Diego Rivera, Detroit Industry, 1932-33, Fresco, north wall, Detail, Detroit Institute of Arts
  • 17. Diego Rivera & Frida Kahlo
  • 18. Frida Kahlo (1907-54)
  • 19. 16.57, Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait on the Border between Mexico and the United States, 1932, oil on sheet metal, 12 ¼ x 13 ¾ in
  • 20. Mexican Retablo
  • 21. 16.58, Frida Kahlo, Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace, 1940, o/c, 24 x 18 in
  • 22. FridaKahlo, The Two Fridas, 1939