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Slavery closethegaps

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  • 1. CLOSE THE GAPS ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________ Directions: B: Skim below PRIOR to filling in the blanks! D: Use context clues to “fill in the blanks.” A: Check for understanding by reading through responses with your team. ____________________________________________________________________ ________________________ PAGE 1 1. large labor force 2. freedom, right to vote, hold public office, & serve in militia 3. 20 men and women, naked and in chains 4. slavery 5. indentured servant 6. racism 7. statement on existence of slavery 8. 4-7 years 9. belief that some people are inferior because of their race 10. civilized & others were BARABARIC 11. farming, folktales, dances, arts & handicrafts 12. chattel (property) ______________________________________________________________ _______________________
  • 2. PAGE 2 1. revolts were squashed by public torture & death 2. slaves 3. movement of trade ships between Europe, Africa & the Americas 4. slave demand 5. guns, molasses, & rum 6. coffin 7. 10-30%; est. 2 million total 8. The middle leg of triangular trade across the Atlantic Ocean 9. packed into tight spaces and given barely enough food and water to stay alive; 10. One to Four months (depending on weather) 11. some would throw themselves overboard to drown; Africans would work and speak slowly 12. food, water ____________________________________________________________________ ________________________ PAGE 3 1. economy 2. immune to most European diseases 3. PLANTATION SYSTEM 4. 10-15 million enslaved in Western Hemisphere 5. knowledge of the land 6. high mortality (death) rates from European diseases 7. many ABOLITIONISTS (fought for the end of slavery) in North & climate, region not conducive for large scale farming 8. had no means (family, friends, knowledge of land) to escape in the Americas 9. permanent source of cheap labor
  • 3. NAME:_____________________________PD:____________DATE:___________ SLAVERY IN THE COLONIES: “A PECULIAR INSTITUTION” _______________________________________________________________ I. Origins A. In 1619, _________________________________________________arrive in Jamestown 1) “About the last of August came in a Dutch man of warre that sold us twenty negars.” – John Rolfe: 1st published _______________________________________________ II. Slavery in Virginia A. Social Status 1) before 1670s Africans worked alongside: ______________________________________________________________________ 2) Indentured servant: a European man or woman who was given passage to America in return for working _________________________________________________________ B. Culture 1) Africans shared knowledge of: _________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 2) before 1670s black people could gain: ______________________________________________________________________ III Greed (After 1660-70s) A. Cash crops (indigo, tobacco, & rice) required:___________________________________ B. 1660 House of Burgesses formally establishes:_________________________________ 1) Slaves treated as: ______________________________________________ 2) Slavery, though originally adopted for economic reasons, eventually was justified by Southern whites on the basis of ___________________________________________ a. racism:_________________________________________________________
  • 4. b. Whites concluded that extermination of Indians and enslavement of Africans was logical BECAUSE whites were: ____________________________________________________________ IV. Slave Trade A. ____________________________________triggered wars between African tribes B. local kings captured Africans in exchange for:____________________________________ C. Triangular Trade: ____________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ D. Middle Passage: __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________ 2) Conditions a. _________________________________ were branded b. slaves were packed into tight spaces and given barely enough _____________& ________________to stay alive c. naked & in chains, slaves “had as not so much room as a man in his __________________” 2) length of voyage:________________________________________________________ 3) Why didn’t the Africans revolt? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 4) Forms of resistance: ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 5) how many died en route?_________________________________________________
  • 5. E. Why Slavery? 3) 400 years later (1500-1800): ______________________________________________________________________ 4) Reasons Native Americans weren’t suited for slavery: a.____________________________________________________________________ b.____________________________________________________________________ 5) Reasons Africans were better suited for slavery: a.____________________________________________________________________ b.____________________________________________________________________ c.____________________________________________________________________ 6) Slavery in the SOUTH was the basis of their ____________________ which was based on the __________________________-many slaves worked as field hands 7) Eventually Northern colonies outlawed slavery 1. Reasons slavery was not a factor in the NORTH: a.___________________________________________________________ b. ___________________________________________________________ Look at the image below and describe what you see.
  • 6. TEACHER NOTES – needs to be revised I. Origins F. 1619 Jamestown: 20 men and women in chains 8) “About the last of August came in a Dutch man of warre that sold us twenty negars.” – John Rolfe: 1st published statement on existence of slavery II. Slavery in Virginia G. Social Status 1) before 1670s: worked alongside indentured servants 2) indentured servant: a European man or woman who was given passage to America in return for working 4-7 years H. Culture 1) Africans shared knowledge of: farming, folktales, dances, arts & handicrafts 2) black people could gain: freedom, right to vote, hold public office, & serve in militia III Greed (After 1660-70s) A. Cash crops (indigo, tobacco, & rice) required: large labor force B. 1660 House of Burgesses formally establishes: slavery I. Slaves treated as: chattel (property) J. Slavery, though originally adopted for economic reasons, eventually was justified by Southern whites on the basis of RACISM 1. racism: belief that some people are inferior because of their race 2. Whites concluded that extermination of Indians and enslavement of Africans was logical BECAUSE whites were civilized & others were BARABARIC
  • 7. IV. Slave Trade A. results of slave demand: triggered wars between African tribes > local kings captured Africans in exchange for guns, molasses, & rum Africans on forced march to Western Coast K. Triangular Trade: movement of trade ships between Europe, Africa & the Americas L. Middle Passage: The middle leg of triangular trade across the Atlantic Ocean 9) Conditions a. slaves were branded; were packed into tight spaces and given barely enough food and water to stay alive; b. naked & in chains: “They had not so much room as a man in his coffin.” 10) length of voyage: 1-4 months (depending on weather) 11) Why didn’t the Africans revolt? revolts were squashed by public torture & death 12) Forms of resistance: some would throw themselves overboard to drown; Africans would work and speak slowly 13) how many died en route? 10-30%; est. 2 million total Why Slavery? 14) in 400 years (1500-1800): 10-15 million enslaved in Western Hemisphere 2) Reasons Native Americans weren’t suited for slavery: 1. knowledge of the land 2. high mortality (death) rates from European diseases
  • 8. M. Reasons Africans were better suited for slavery: a. immune to most European diseases 15)had no means (family, friends, knowledge of land) to escape in the Americas c. permanent source of cheap labor N. Slavery in the SOUTH was the basis for their economy because of the PLANTATION SYSTEM: most slaves worked as field hands O. Eventually Northern colonies outlawed slavery 16) Reasons slavery was not a factor in the NORTH: many ABOLITIONISTS (fought for the end of slavery) in North; climate, region not conducive for large scale farming Sources: Dalleck, R. et al (2008). American history. McDougal Littell. Garraty, J. ( 1991). The American nation. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers. http://www.polytechnic.org/faculty/gfeldmeth/USHistory.html www.americanabolitionist.liberalarts.iupui.edu/ file
  • 9. file socialstudies/colonialera/slaveryskeletonpreferred.doc LDG Websites to explore: http://www.nmm.ac.uk/freedom/