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01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
01  Anne  Hojer  Simonsen  Agencia  Danesa De La  Energia
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01 Anne Hojer Simonsen Agencia Danesa De La Energia

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  • 1. Danish Offshore Wind Experience Anne Højer Simonsen Deputy Director General Danish Energy Agency Ministry of Climate and Energy
  • 2. Advantages of Wind Power • Security of supply • Alleviation of energy imports • Environment • climate change mitigation • conservation of biodiversity • Export options • New jobs
  • 3. 16 years of experience offshore • First Danish offshore wind farm 1991 • Strategic mapping 1995 • Capacity now 423 MW. (3100 MW incl. onshore) • Strategic assessment for future location of 5200 MW offshore wind power • 2 x 200 MW being built to go on-line in 2009 and 2011. The projects are on track • 2011 app. 850 MW offshore
  • 4. Wind Power Production National average at normal wind conditions 20% of electricity demand National average 2006 - 17% National average January 2007 - 36% Western Denmark January 2007 - 41%
  • 5. Challenge: To Feed the Grid with Wind Power (Western Denmark as an example)
  • 6. Key Instruments to promote RE Historic perspective Public support to research, development and demonstration of RE-technologies Investment grants for standardized RE-equipment Favourable prices for electricity fed into the public grid A suitable legislative and planning framework - supporting the local initiative Agreements between the Government and the utilities: Wind power programmes and biomass agreement
  • 7. Large scale integration • Denmark has very strong interconnectors to neighbouring countries • Nord Pool is a level playing field • Short gate closure times to allow trades close to real time • Further integration is possible • Storage and demand side management could serve as future options • EU: cross border solutions
  • 8. Decoupling of economic growth and energy consumption 160 140 120 Primary Energy Index GDP Intensity 100 80 60 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004
  • 9. Tendering Aim to bring down financial risk • Screening for site suitability • Tender: Fixed price in 10-12 years • TSO to finance, construct and operate transformer station and sea cable • TSO obliged to connect wind power and strengthen grid if necessary • Security that grid connection is available in due time • Financial compensation if the power produced is curtailed • One stop shop communication
  • 10. Support scheme for offshore • Tender – Cheapest, fastest and most beautiful • Fixed price in 50.000 full load hours • = 10-15 years of production • Low bids: • Horns Rev 2 = € cent 6,7 per kWh • Rødsand 2 = € cent 8,3 per kWh
  • 11. Preparing for the future 2025 • 26 sites of 200 MW identified • 5200 MW • Equivalent to 8 % of total demand or 50% of electricity demand • Consultation answers is taken into account • A sensitivity analysis is too be conducted and used in the decision-making process for the actual site selection
  • 12. Conclusions from the Environmental programme • Public acceptance • Migrating birds avoid collision • Seals behaviour not affected • Harbour porpoises return to the sites • Significant artificial wreck effect observed
  • 13. New site: Djursland-Anholt
  • 14. In conclusion • Large scale integration possible • A doubling of offshore capacity on track for 2009-2011 • Tender procedure combined with TSO-grid financing and one stop shop brings down financial risks • Future locations identified • Environment no problem if sites are planned properly • One-stop-shop approval procedure
  • 15. Thank you for your attention Figures and further information available from www.ens.dk/wind

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