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  • 1. Danish Offshore Wind Experience Anne Højer Simonsen Deputy Director General Danish Energy Agency Ministry of Climate and Energy
  • 2. Advantages of Wind Power • Security of supply • Alleviation of energy imports • Environment • climate change mitigation • conservation of biodiversity • Export options • New jobs
  • 3. 16 years of experience offshore • First Danish offshore wind farm 1991 • Strategic mapping 1995 • Capacity now 423 MW. (3100 MW incl. onshore) • Strategic assessment for future location of 5200 MW offshore wind power • 2 x 200 MW being built to go on-line in 2009 and 2011. The projects are on track • 2011 app. 850 MW offshore
  • 4. Wind Power Production National average at normal wind conditions 20% of electricity demand National average 2006 - 17% National average January 2007 - 36% Western Denmark January 2007 - 41%
  • 5. Challenge: To Feed the Grid with Wind Power (Western Denmark as an example)
  • 6. Key Instruments to promote RE Historic perspective Public support to research, development and demonstration of RE-technologies Investment grants for standardized RE-equipment Favourable prices for electricity fed into the public grid A suitable legislative and planning framework - supporting the local initiative Agreements between the Government and the utilities: Wind power programmes and biomass agreement
  • 7. Large scale integration • Denmark has very strong interconnectors to neighbouring countries • Nord Pool is a level playing field • Short gate closure times to allow trades close to real time • Further integration is possible • Storage and demand side management could serve as future options • EU: cross border solutions
  • 8. Decoupling of economic growth and energy consumption 160 140 120 Primary Energy Index GDP Intensity 100 80 60 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004
  • 9. Tendering Aim to bring down financial risk • Screening for site suitability • Tender: Fixed price in 10-12 years • TSO to finance, construct and operate transformer station and sea cable • TSO obliged to connect wind power and strengthen grid if necessary • Security that grid connection is available in due time • Financial compensation if the power produced is curtailed • One stop shop communication
  • 10. Support scheme for offshore • Tender – Cheapest, fastest and most beautiful • Fixed price in 50.000 full load hours • = 10-15 years of production • Low bids: • Horns Rev 2 = € cent 6,7 per kWh • Rødsand 2 = € cent 8,3 per kWh
  • 11. Preparing for the future 2025 • 26 sites of 200 MW identified • 5200 MW • Equivalent to 8 % of total demand or 50% of electricity demand • Consultation answers is taken into account • A sensitivity analysis is too be conducted and used in the decision-making process for the actual site selection
  • 12. Conclusions from the Environmental programme • Public acceptance • Migrating birds avoid collision • Seals behaviour not affected • Harbour porpoises return to the sites • Significant artificial wreck effect observed
  • 13. New site: Djursland-Anholt
  • 14. In conclusion • Large scale integration possible • A doubling of offshore capacity on track for 2009-2011 • Tender procedure combined with TSO-grid financing and one stop shop brings down financial risks • Future locations identified • Environment no problem if sites are planned properly • One-stop-shop approval procedure
  • 15. Thank you for your attention Figures and further information available from www.ens.dk/wind