Group 1 (Race, Class & Gender) Summer 08
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  • 1.
    • Where English Only Falls Short
      • Stacy A. Teicher
  • 2. Sephora
    • Brand was born in France in 1969 and opened its first store there
    • 750 stores in 21 countries
    • 250 brands of beauty products (make-up, skin care, fragrance…etc)
    • Opened its first store in US in New York in 1997
  • 3. New York City Facts
    • Population
      • 8,274,527
      • population density of 26,403 people per square mile
      • 36% of the city's population is foreign-born.
      • The five largest ethnic groups as of the 2005 census estimates are: Puerto Ricans , Italians , West Indians , Dominicans and Chinese .
    • NYC is the largest city in the world.
    • About 170 languages are spoken in the city
    • . The ten largest countries of origin for modern immigration are the Dominican Republic , China , Jamaica , Guyana , Mexico , Ecuador , Haiti , Trinidad and Tobago , Colombia , and Russia
    • The New York metropolitan area is home to the largest Jewish community.
  • 4. Sephora
    • US headquarters in San Francisco
    • One of the fastest growing retailers in the US
  • 5. No Hable Espanol
    • Five Sephora workers filed complaints against Sephora and the EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) sued on their behalf.
    • Sued for a “English Only” policy
      • Would be feasible if boss insisted that it couldn’t even be spoken on lunch breaks.
  • 6. Allegations Against Sephora Store
    • Hispanic workers were allowed to speak Spanish to customers, when it benefited the store, but were not allowed to speak any Spanish to each other in the break room.
    • The EEOC filed a lawsuit on behalf of the Hispanic workers of the store.
    • EEOC argued policy amounts to national- origin discrimination, which is illegal under Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • 7. What is the EEOC?
    • The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
    • An independent federal commission, created by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, that investigates claims of employment discrimination
  • 8. What Counts as Employment Discrimination?
    • Any situation in which some people have a lower probability of being hired, promoted, financially rewarded, etc.
    • Discrimination types:
      • Age, disability, national origin, pregnancy, race, religion, retaliation, sex, sexual harassment
      • Harassment because of a person’s language is definitely discrimination
  • 9. Statistics 2006 Type of Discrimination Charge Percentage of Charges Race 35.9% Sex 30.7% National Origin 11% Religion 3.4% Age 21.8%
  • 10. Who Can File a Charge?
    • If you feel your rights have been violated as an employee, you can file a charge with the EEOC.
    • Also, if you feel a fellow employee’s rights have been violated you can file a charge on their behalf.
  • 11. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    • Forbids the discrimination of race or sex in the hiring or firing process
    • Title VII Created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in order to enforce the act
    • Since its creation many classes have been added to the wording to be protected such as: religion, disability, age, etc…
    • Did not create Affirmative Action but allowed EEOC to make rules that did
  • 12. Bilinguals in America
    • United States does not have an official language
    • 9% of Americans are bilingual compared to 52% of the rest of the world
    • Many people used to think that learning a foreign language was a mark of intelligence and culture
    • Now, many Americans think learning a foreign language is useless.
  • 13. Statistics
    • 82% of US population speak English as a native language
    • 96% of US population speak “well” English
    • May 18 th 2006, US senate voted on a amendment to declare English as the national language, but was dismissed when the House failed to agree
    • Spanish is the 2 nd most common language and is spoken by 13% of population (13 million)
  • 14. Colorado Central Station Casino Lawsuit Case
    • In 1998 the casino housekeeping supervisors tried to implement a blanket English only policy
    • Majority of staff were Hispanic with very few English speaking people
    • Reasons stated: were for safety and fear of non-Spanish speaking people being talked about behind their backs.
  • 15. Colorado Central Station Casino Lawsuit Case
    • When found speaking Spanish the supervisors would yell at them “English, English, English”
    • The EEOC investigated and filed a law suit in March 2001
    • Settlement was for $1.5 million to the Hispanic workers
    • In addition the Casino has to provide training so that discrimination dose not happen again
  • 16. R.D’s Drive In
    • Located in Page, Arizona
    • Founded in 1980’s
    • Owned by Kidman family
    • Over the years they have hired and trained over 11 hundred employees; 90 percent were Navajos
  • 17. Allegations
    • After complaints from employees about some Navajo employees talking about bad about them in the Navajo language.
    • Kidmans decided to implement a “English Only” policy during work hours.
    • Navajo workers filed complaint with the EEOC who then filed a lawsuit against the Kidman's.
  • 18. Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions, Seneca Falls Convention, 1848
    • Declaration of Sentiments
      • All men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain rights; that among these are life, liberty, and pursuit to happiness
  • 19. Sources
    • -
    • Race, Class, and Gender in the United States by Paula S. Rothenberg