Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela

  1. 1. Nelson Mandela By: Denis Xhori
  2. 2. My Essential Question <ul><li>My essential question is Why is Nelson Mandela so important and siginficant to Africa </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why I chose this topic <ul><li>The biggest reason why I chose Nelson Mandela as my I-search project is because when I read about the apartheid in social studies class, they mentioned Nelson Mandela a little bit and what he did about it. That got me curious about him, and I wanted to learn more. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What I already knew about him <ul><li>I already knew that he had a big part in fighting against the apartheid. </li></ul><ul><li>I knew that he had went to jail once, but not twice. </li></ul><ul><li>I knew that he went to jail for something he believed in. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Interesting Information <ul><li>Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. </li></ul><ul><li>He was born in a village called Meveza near Umata in Transkei, South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>He never finished college because he got suspended from his college for joining in a protest for some reason. </li></ul><ul><li>He joined the African national Congress in 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>He was president for five years after he got out of jail. </li></ul>
  6. 6. More Interesting Information. <ul><li>Even now, at 91, he is trying to help fight aids in Africa and poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>He was married 3 times, and had a lot of kids. </li></ul><ul><li>He published his book, “A long walk to freedom”, after he published his biography. </li></ul><ul><li>He won the noble peace prize for what he did about the apartheid. </li></ul>
  7. 7. What and Why he did what he did <ul><li>He fought against the apartheid because he thought that all Africans should be free, including himself. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why he went to jail <ul><li>He went to jail the first time because he had been directing a non-violent defiance against the south African government and it’s racial policies for 20 years. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1961, after his jail time for five years, he thought the only way to stop the apartheid was with war. So, he co founded Umknonto We Sizwe, put on a three day strike, used guerilla war tactics to try to end it. 5 more years. </li></ul><ul><li>But while he was in jail, the government found out that he used political offenses, like sabotage, and incitement to strike, and sentenced him to life in prison. </li></ul>
  9. 9. How he got out of jail <ul><li>He got out of jail because some people thought what he was doing was right, so they started a campaign to take him out. </li></ul><ul><li>A memoir was written like a plan to try and take him out, but it got foiled, and was never published. After that, he was moved to another jail cell. </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t until Botha, (the president back when he was sentenced to life in jail) suffered a stroke, F. W. De Klerk took over, and finally decided to let him go. Altogether, he stayed 27 years in jail. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What surprised me. <ul><li>He went to jail for 5 years for what he believed was right </li></ul><ul><li>He was married three times, and had a lot of kids. </li></ul><ul><li>He directed a non-violent defiance, but then resorted to violence to end the apartheid. </li></ul><ul><li>He went to jail for directing a non violent defiance. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Questions I still have <ul><li>Why did he go to jail for five years for what he believed in? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did Botha the president back then not let him out after he saw all the campaigns? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did F.W. De klerk let him out? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Works Cited <ul><li>1. http:// www.anc.org.za/people/mandela.html </li></ul><ul><li>2. http://www.biography.com/blackhistory/featured-biography/nelson-mandela.jsp </li></ul><ul><li>3. http://africanhistory.about.com/od/mandelanelson/a/bio_mandela_3.htm </li></ul><ul><li>4. http://www.woopidoo.com/biography/nelson-mandela/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>5. http://www.biography.com/articles/Nelson-Rolihlahla-Mandela-9397017?part=1 </li></ul>

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