Midnight Judge Judicial Review & Intro To Jefferson Era

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Midnight Judge Judicial Review & Intro To Jefferson Era

  1. 1. The Midnight Judges & Judicial Review
  2. 2. John Adams <ul><li>Wanted to keep parties hold on Judicial branch </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed 42 judged during last day in office </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed William Marbury as judge </li></ul><ul><li>Felt Jefferson could not stop this action </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Jefferson ordered Madison not to deliver papers to the appointees </li></ul><ul><li>Madison agreed </li></ul><ul><li>Papers never delivered </li></ul>James Madison Thomas Jefferson
  4. 4. William Marbury <ul><li>He wanted the appointment </li></ul><ul><li>Sued Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Important case taken to the Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>His case stated that Constitution didn’t give Supreme Court the right to decide cases against federal officials. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chief Justice John Marshall <ul><li>Chief Justice John Marshall ruled on this case </li></ul>
  6. 6. Marbury v. Madison <ul><li>This case set an important precedent </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling gave Supreme Court power to decide whether laws passed by Congress were constitutional </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is called…. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Judicial Review <ul><li>The court said part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional and only the Supreme Court could decide a case brought against a federal official </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson was not happy with ruling </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Judicial Review </li></ul><ul><li>is one of the most </li></ul><ul><li>important powers </li></ul><ul><li>of the </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Jefferson Era
  10. 10. Jefferson 1 st President to be inaugurated in Washington D. C. Difficult to get around Washington D. C. Muddy Streets Unfinished buildings
  11. 11. Who was Thomas Jefferson? <ul><li>Gave country a broader democratic base </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Pres. To live in Washington D. C. </li></ul><ul><li>Kicked out a lot of Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Had trouble with pirates at Barbary Coast – They captured U.S. ships and demanded the United States pay tribute to get them back </li></ul><ul><li>Sent expedition and surprised the Pirates and gained the ships back </li></ul><ul><li>This was first expansion of the powers of the President beyond what was written in the constitution </li></ul>
  12. 12. Skilled Architect He built some of the buildings on the University of Virginia campus that he founded.
  13. 13. Monticello is the name of Jefferson’s home and plantation, which he built
  14. 15. Developed a plow <ul><li>Designed for hillside work – furrows on down hill side </li></ul><ul><li>Go deeper than just the 2 or 3 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent soil erosion </li></ul>
  15. 16. Developed the polygraph

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