Islam 101 A comprehensive but basic course about Islam By Prof. Syed B. Soharwardy Muslims Against Terrorism M-A-T.org In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful M-A-T.Org For Next Slide Please Click on
Allah is the deity who is worshipped alone without any partners and associates. He is the Creator of all things. Allah has no boundaries, shapes and bodies. There is nothing like Allah. Allah does not manifest Himself into any person or thing.
Why Muslims call God Allah?
Muslims prefer to call God Allah because some of the
religions in the world use or associate the word “God” for things / personalities other than “GOD”, the Creator and Sustainer of all things and mankind.
Some most famous attributes of Allah
Believe in Prophets and Messengers
Allah sent His messengers and Prophets to guide human beings. The exact number of Prophets and Messengers are known to Allah. However, according to one of the famous Hadith, Allah did send from time to time 124,000 Prophets and Messengers towards humanity. A Muslim must believe and respect all Prophets and Messengers of Allah.
Every nation or region had received Allah’s Messengers
Five most famous Prophets of Allah
Noah (Peace be upon him)
Abraham (Peace be upon him)
Moses ((Peace be upon him)
Jesus (Peace be upon him)
Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
Jesus Christ (Peace be upon him) is the most mentioned Prophet in the Qur’an. He is the only Prophet whose life time events are discussed in detail compared to other Prophets.
Muslims believe that Jesus did not die. He was raised towards the Heavens alive.
He is still alive and shall return to this world to fight against evil. He then will die in the Jihad (struggle against evil) and will be buried in in Prophet Muhammad’s (Peace be upon him) mosque in Madinah near Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
Jesus and Mary (Peace be upon them) in holy Qur’an;
Behold! the angels said: "O Mary! Allah hath chosen thee and purified thee; chosen thee above the women of all nations. (3:43)
"O Mary! worship thy Lord devoutly; prostrate thyself and bow down (in prayer) with those who bow down.” (3:44)
Behold! the angels said "O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus. Christ the son of Mary held in honor in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah. (3:45)
"He shall speak to the people in childhood and in maturity and he shall be (of the company) of the righteous. (3:46)
"And Allah will teach him the Book and Wisdom the Law and the Gospel. (3:48)
Behold! Allah said: "O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme; I will make those who follow thee superior to those who reject Faith to the Day of Resurrection; then shall ye all return unto Me and I will judge between you of the matters wherein ye dispute. (3:55)
This similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam: He created him from dust then said to him: "Be" and he was. (3:59)
And behold! Allah will say "O Jesus the son of Mary! didst thou say unto men `worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah"? He will say: "Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing Thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart though I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden. (5:116)
Some important attributes of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)
Relationships with other Prophets
Last Messenger of Allah
Prophet of Mercy and Messenger of Allah towards all humanity
(responsible to blow the Horn in order to end this universe and blow the Horn again to make them alive in order to face the judgment day.
Kiraman Katebeen (Two respectful writers)
Every human being is accompanied by two angels at all times and in all situations. Symbolically, one is on the right shoulder and the other is on the left shoulder. The angel on the right side writes whatever good is done by the person and the angel on the left side writes whatever bad is done by the person. This whole record of good and bad deeds will be handed over to the person on the Judgment Day.
Believe in Hereafter
Life after death
According to Islam every human being is responsible for his/her actions and he or she will be accountable in front of Allah on the Judgment Day about two things
Allah will ask, I had given you life, where and how did you spend it?
I had given you means for your life, where and how did you spend those means (wealth, resources, power, etc...)?
Muslims believe that Allah already knows everyone's deeds. The above process is only for reminding every individual what kind of life they had in this world.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that Islam is based upon the following five pillars. Anyone who demolishes (does not practice) these five pillars, in fact, he /she demolishes the building of Islam.
Shahadah , testifying that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His last Messenger
Five mandatory prayers (Salat)
Fajr (Morning prayers before Sunrise)
Dhohr (Zohar) Prayer (Noon Prayer but after the noon time)
Asr (Afternoon prayers but before sunset)
Maghrib (right after the sunset prayers)
Isha (late evening prayers at night) Movie on Salat
A person can offer optional prayers and may remember (Dhikr) Allah at any time
Zakat: A Muslim with certain amount of savings must pay 2.5% of his savings to the poors every year. This is called Zakat. The optional charity called Sadqah can be given at any time and in any quantity
Fasting in Ramadhan , every Muslim adult, men or women must fast everyday from Dawn to Sunset in the month of Ramadhan. During fasting, the fasting person must avoid eating, drinking, smoking and sexual relationships. Certain people are exempted from fasting, such as children, sick, elderly (weak), travelers and women in periods.
Those who slander chaste women indiscreet but believing are cursed in this life and in the Hereafter: for them is a grievous Penalty. On the Day when their tongues their hands and their feet will bear witness against them as to their actions. On that Day Allah will pay them back (all) their just dues and they will realize that Allah is the (very) Truth that makes all things manifest. (Surah Noor, 24:23,24,25)
What Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) says about women?
Woman as mother
The highest achievement of any men is under woman’s feet
Woman as Wife
Prophet Mohammed's relationship with his wives
Woman as daughter
A Muslim who raises three daughters with good education and character will be in Heaven with Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
Woman as co-workers
Woman as professionals
Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) own wife, Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) was the most successful business women of her time.
Exploitation of women in the west in the name of freedom
Exploitation of women in Islamic countries in the name of Islam
May Allah Guide Us and Open Our Hearts And Minds, And Save Us From Evil. Ameen
Thanks for Participating in Islam 101
We are very thankful to Islamic Supreme Council of Canada; Br. Syed M. Buhari, National President of MAT, Malaysia; Sister, Farzana Shahid, President, MAT Mississauga; Br. M. Farooq Khan, President MAT Canada and Br. Afroz Ali, President MAT, Australia for their suggestions and Support
Special thanks to the participants of Islam 101 classes and Presentations
M-A-T.Org Muslims Against Terrorism (M-A-T) Calgary, Alberta, Canada