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  1. 1. Roles of the Married Woman in the Victorian Era By: Brooke Taylor
  2. 2. Marriage <ul><li>90% of women got married at this time </li></ul><ul><li>Girls were raised and educated to become a wife and mother </li></ul><ul><li>When married, it was often times not by choice… but by force. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Domestic Life <ul><li>Women ran the house, made the clothes, cared for the sick, and grew and processed much of what the family ate. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Domestic Life cont’d. <ul><li>3% of Caucasian wives worked for wages </li></ul><ul><li>25% of African American wives worked for wages </li></ul><ul><li>However, some wives, called farm wives, sold butter and eggs to raise money. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Domestic Life cont’d. <ul><li>Women were the doctors, nurses, psychiatrists, teachers, and social workers of their day. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Marriage Contract <ul><li>Marriage contracts resembled an indenture agreement between master and servant. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Divorce <ul><li>Once married, only one in ten couples got divorced. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Restrictions <ul><li>Because women were viewed as dependents of their husbands, they: </li></ul><ul><li>could not serve on juries. </li></ul><ul><li>could not hold elective office. </li></ul><ul><li>could not vote. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Revolution <ul><li>By the turn of the century, improved technology, expanding transportation network, and burgeoning cities were pulling women out of the household and into jobs that had never existed before or that had long belonged exclusively to men. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Revolution cont’d. <ul><li>60% of the women employed outside the home in 1870 worked as domestic servants </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900, the proportion of women in domestic service declined to 1/3. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Factory Work <ul><li>Most women chose factory work over life as a servant, and manufacturing claimed the largest group of women workers, slightly less than a third. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Prostitution <ul><li>Between 2-5% of all young women workers turned to prostitution. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sexual Segregation <ul><li>Employers liked to reserve the growing number of unskilled jobs for women. They hired men, on the other hand, for higher paying, heavier, and more highly skilled jobs. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Family Wage <ul><li>Mixing daily with men on the streets and in the offices, violating every Victorian ideal on separate sexes, women in the Victorian era set a new standard of female assertiveness. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.victoriaspast.com/LifeofVictorianWoman/LifeofVictorianWoman.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.upress.virginia.edu/books/peterson_linda.html </li></ul>

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