Fractures

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Fractures

  1. 1. Fractures <ul><li>Greenstick </li></ul><ul><li>Compound </li></ul><ul><li>Oblique </li></ul>
  2. 2. Fracture <ul><li>A traumatic injury leading to a break or rupture in a bone; classified according to the bone involved, the part of that bone, and the nature of the break. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types <ul><li>Comminuted Oblique </li></ul><ul><li>Compound Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Dislocation Transverse </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstick </li></ul><ul><li>Extracapsular </li></ul><ul><li>Impacted </li></ul><ul><li>Intracapsular </li></ul><ul><li>Longitudinal </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The &quot;oblique&quot; fracture is broken at an angle across the bone and is usually the result of a sharp angled blow to the bone. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Greenstick <ul><li>Fracture in which there is an incomplete break; one side of bone is broken and the other side is bent. This type of fracture is commonly found in children due to their softer and more pliable bone structure. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Compound Fractures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An open fracture, also called a compound fracture, is an injury that occurs when there is a break in the skin around a broken bone. In order for an injury to be classified as a compound fracture, the outside air (and dirt and bacteria) must be able to get to the fracture site without a barrier of skin or soft-tissue. Therefore, a bone does not need to be through the skin in order for the injury to be called a compound fracture. Why the fuss about compound fractures? Because these injuries are open to the outside world, there is a very significant risk of developing an infection around the fracture. If an infection develops, there can be problems with bone healing. Therefore, compound fractures are generally treated with surgery to clean the site of injury and stabilize the fracture. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Your bones are tough stuff — but even tough stuff can break. Like a wooden pencil, bones will bend under strain. But if the pressure is too much, or too sudden, bones can snap. You can break a bone by falling off a skateboard or crashing down </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The list of signs and symptoms mentioned in various sources for Fractures includes the 8 symptoms listed below: </li></ul><ul><li>Local pain </li></ul><ul><li>Local bleeding </li></ul><ul><li>Local swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Deformity or dislocation </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of associated nerve damage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paralysis </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The natural process of healing a fracture starts when the injured bone and surrounding tissues bleed, forming what's called fracture Hematoma . The blood coagulates to form a blood clot situated between the broken fragments. Within a few days blood vessels grow into the jelly-like matrix of the blood clot. The new blood vessels bring phagocytes to the area, which gradually remove the non-viable material. The blood vessels also bring fibroblasts in the walls of the vessels and these multiply and produce collagen fibres. In this way the blood clot is replaced by a matrix of collagen </li></ul>
  10. 12. treatments <ul><li>The list of treatments mentioned in various sources for Fractures includes the following list. Always seek professional medical advice about any treatment or change in treatment plans . </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of fracture - aligning broken ends of a bone </li></ul><ul><li>Closed reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Open reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Plaster cast </li></ul><ul><li>Splinting </li></ul><ul><li>Metal supports - the use of various measures to keep the bone in place such as screws, rods, plates, wires, or nails. </li></ul><ul><li>Traction </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Physiotherapy </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>Reference: wrongdiagnosis.com, Adam.com, Wikipedia and clipart </li></ul>

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