Chaos in Colombia Russell Stewart AP World History
Power Struggle <ul><li>Colombia faces an uphill struggle for power between Marxist Rebels, drug cartels, and an insufficient Democratic government under President Andres Pastrana </li></ul>
Colombian Government <ul><li>The Colombian government is directed by an elected president </li></ul><ul><li>Since the 1970’s Colombian government has struggled with lenient treatment of guerrillas and drug traffickers or harsh clean-up tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Increased violence results from increased government intervention </li></ul><ul><li>The Columbian government has been aided by the United States in an effort to curb drug trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Death, destruction, violence, and devastation has resulted from the intense struggle </li></ul>
Disorder <ul><li>Extreme poverty and insufficient aid for emergency victims results in lawlessness and looting </li></ul><ul><li>Colombia is home to some of the most sophisticated and violent drug trafficking in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Drug cartels yield immense wealth and hold tremendous influence in Columbian society </li></ul>Rioting and looting takes place following devastation from an earthquake. Police struggle to maintain order.
Drug Cartels <ul><li>Colombia has unmistakably become the drug trafficking capital of the world </li></ul><ul><li>Drug operations span over several nations and carry vast wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Drug traffickers market to the United States and use high-tech methods of smuggling including private airplanes and even submarines </li></ul><ul><li>The two largest and most feared of the cartels were the rival Medellin and Cali cartels—both were defeated in 1990’s and have been fragmented into smaller, less visible organizations </li></ul>
Marxist guerrillas <ul><li>The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) was formed in 1964 as a military wing for the Colombian Communist Party </li></ul><ul><li>FARC uses terrorist tactics to manipulate the weak Democratic government </li></ul><ul><li>FARC recruits young Colombians to serve in its ranks—it is estimated that 30% of the organization’s fighters are younger than 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Columbian government has attempted to negotiate with the guerrillas in return for voice in government—no significant solutions have been settled </li></ul>FARC is extremely well-organized and well-funded. It is suspected that FARC is aided by outside benefactors
FARC-Cartel Connection <ul><li>There is a well-established link between FARC armed guerrillas and drug cartel operations </li></ul><ul><li>FARC offers military protection for drug fields, labs, and smugglers </li></ul><ul><li>Drug traffickers pay a tax to FARC in return for the protection </li></ul>FARC soldier patrols a poppy field
Why? <ul><li>Colombia obtained independence from Spain in 1824 </li></ul><ul><li>Political struggle between Conservatives and Liberals prevented order from being established </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, extreme poverty and the inability of government to provide basic assistance led to the rise and establishment of rebel groups and illegal activities </li></ul>Simon Bolivar led the Colombian independence movement in 1824
Solution? <ul><li>The problems facing Colombia are too deeply-rooted to be solved without outside aid </li></ul><ul><li>We must demand that our government continue to help the Colombian efforts to clean-up the chaos that exists today </li></ul><ul><li>The violence and disorder often violate basic human rights that should be protected by the international community </li></ul>The UN should bear the brunt on the international aid provided to Colombia in its efforts to restore order
References <ul><li>"The Colombian Cartels." Front Line: Drug Wars . 2008. pbs. 27 May 2009 <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/drugs/business/inside/colombian.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>McDermott, Jeremy. "Riots erupt as Colombia pyramid schemes collapse ." Telegraph.co.uk . 13 NOV 2008. 27 May 2009 <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/southamerica/colombia/3454052/Riots-erupt-as-Colombia-pyramid-schemes-collapse.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Davison, Phil. "Colombia: From tragedy to chaos." The Independent . 31 JAN 1999. Independent News and Media Limited. 27 May 2009 <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/colombia-from-tragedy-to-chaos-1077469.html>. "Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.“ </li></ul><ul><li>GlobalSecurity.org . 25 JUN 2008. 27 May 2009 <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/farc.htm>. </li></ul>
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