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Past Simple

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  • 1. La estructura básica del pasado simple: La estructura básica del afirmativo del pasado simple: (somebody=alguien; somewhere-algún sitio; something=algo) sujeto verbo Español I liked somebody. Alguien me gustó. You got something. Cogistes algo. (tú) He needed something. Necesitó algo. (él) She had something. Tuvo algo. (ella) It went somewhere. Fue a algún sitio. You wrote something. Escribisteis algo. (vosotros) We walked somewhere. Caminamos a algún sitio. They did something. Hicieron algo. (ellos) La estructura básica del negativo del pasado simple: sujeto auxiliar verbo Español I didn't like somebody. Alguien no me gustó. You didn't get something. No cogistes algo. (tú) He didn't need something. No necesitó algo. (él) She didn't have something. No tuvo algo. (ella) It didn't go somewhere. No fue a ningún sitio. You didn't write something. (ustedes)No escribisteis algo. We didn't have something. (Nosotros)No tuvimos algo. They didn't do something. (ellos)No hicieron algo. (ellos) Nota: Forma contraida: quot;didn'tquot; = quot;did notquot;. Nota: En las oraciones negativas en pasado simple el verbo va en infinitivo. La razón de esto es que el auxilar quot;didquot; ya comunica por si mismo que la oración está en pasado simple y cambiar la forma del verbo sería redundante. La estructura básica del interrogativo del pasado simple: (anywhere = alguna o cualquier parte, anybody = cualquiera, alguien, anything = cualquier cosa, algo) aux sujeto verbo Español Did I know you? ¿Te conocí? Did you work? ¿Trabajaste? Did he write anything? ¿Escribió algo? Did she go anywhere? ¿Fué a algún sitio? Did it work? ¿Funcionó? Did you understand? ¿Entendieron (ustedes)? Did we need anything? ¿Necesitábamos (nosotros) algo? Did they like anybody? ¿Les cayó bien alguien?
  • 2. Nota: En las oraciones interrogativas en pasado simple el verbo va en infinitivo. Nota: La palabra quot;somequot; y quot;anyquot; a veces significan lo mismo. La principal diferencia es que quot;somequot; se suele utilizar para afirmativas y quot;anyquot; para negativas y interrogativas. La estructura básica de las respuestas cortas del pasado simple: Afirmacion. Neg. Yes, I did. No, I did not. (didn't) Yes, you did. No, you did not. (didn't) Yes, he did. No, he did not. (didn't) Yes, she did. No, she did not. (didn't) Yes, it did. No, it did not. (didn't) Yes, we did. No, we did not. (didn't) Yes, you did No, you did not. (didn't) Yes, they did. No, they did not. (didn't)

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